LECTURE NOTES

Egypt

    Egyptian Art                                                2 hours

    Egyptian Art and Literature                           4 hours

India (For a several-day treatment, see the Art History page)

    Religious Background on Art of India            1 hour

    Background for reading Siddhartha               1 hour

    Shramana religions (except Buddhism)         1 hour

    Shramana Religions (emphasizing Jains)       2 hours

    Indian Religions & the Transcendentalists     1 hour

    Buddhist Art and culture                              1 hour

    Re-Emergence of Hindu Culture                   1 hour (a bit longer if no background)

China
    Early China                                                    1 + 1/2 + 1 hours

    Chinese Painters                                           2 hours

    Sui and Tang dynasty China                           1 hour

    Sung & Yuan dynasty China + a bit of Japan   1 hour

Classical

    Greek Athletics and Education                      1 hour

    Greek Art in the Age of Pericles                   1 hour

    Short Presentation of All Greek Art              1 hour

    Greek Drama                                              a little less than 1 hour

    Greek Philosophers                                     a little more than 1 hour

    Hellenistic Art & Philosophies                      a little less than 1 hour

    Roman Art                                                   1 hour

Middle-Eastern

    Canon of the Bible                                        1 hour

    Byzantine Art                                                a little less than 1 hour

    Islamic Art                                                    a little more than 1 hour

American Indian

    American Indian Art                                     2 hours

Western

    Medieval Cathedrals                                    1 hour

    Italian Renaissance                                      1 hour

    The Age of Despotism                                 1 hour

    Art, Propaganda, and Censorship in

        the 20th Century                                      1 hour

Africa

    African History & Culture                              3 hours

    African Art & Music (shorter version)              1 1/2 hours

 

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EGYPTIAN ART

 

Spengler

 

Old Kingdom--1st-6th dynasties (Age of Faith)

    Khafre

    Ptah-Hotep

    Pepi II

 

Middle Kingdom--11th-12th dynasties (Age of Arts)

    Senusert III

    Hor

 

New Kingdom

    18th dynasty (Age of Ideas)

        Hatshepsut

        Akhenaten

            Nefertiti

        Tutankhamun

            Matrilineal

 

    19th-30th dynasties (Age of Power)

        Rameses II

        Piankhi--25th dynasty

 

Greek rulers

    Ptolemy V

    Cleopatra

 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

EGYPTIAN ART AND LITERATURE

 

Spengler

 

Old Kingdom--1st-6th dynasties (Age of Faith)

    1st dynasty

        Menes = Narmer

    3rd dynasty

        Djoser = Zoser
             Imhotep

    4th dynasty

        Khufu
        Khafre
        Menkaure

    5th dynasty

        Ptah-hotep

    6th dynasty

        Pepei II

        Nitokerti

 

Middle Kingdom--11th-12th dynasties (Age of Arts)

    11th dynasty

        Mentuhotep I

    12th dynasty

        Senusert III

        Amenemhat III

        Hor

 

New Kingdom

    18th dynasty (Age of Ideas)

        Hatshepsut

            Matrilineal succession

        Thutmose III

        Amonhotep III

            Ahmes the Moonborn

            Amonhotep son of Hapu

        Akhenaten

            Nefertiti

        Tutankhamun

 

    19th-30th dynasties (Age of Power)

        19th dynasty

            Rameses II

            Mereneptah

        25th dynasty

            Piankhi
        26th dynasty
            Rhodopis
            Necho

 

Greek rulers

    Ptolemy II

    Berenice

    Ptolemy V

    Cleopatra

 

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RELIGIOUS BACKGROUND ON ART OF INDIA

 

Aryans

 

Brahmins = Hindus

            Upanishads

            Moksha = Nirvana

            Tantra

 

Shramanas

            1.  Gymnosophists--Sanjaya

                        Skeptics--Pyrrho of Elis

            2.  Jains--Mahavira

                        Doctrine of Manysidedness

                                    Doctrine of the Maybes

                                    Doctrine of the Standpoints

                        Tirthankara

                                    Malli

                        Bahubali = Gommateshvara

                        Digambara

                        Shvetambara

            3.  Buddhists--Siddhartha Gautama

                        Bodh Gaya

                        Theravada

                        Mahayana

                        Tantric

                                    Right Hand

                                                Mandala

                                    Left Hand

   

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BACKGROUND FOR READING SIDDHARTHA

 

Indus Valley Civilization

 

Aryans

    Class system (not caste)

        1.  Priests

        2.  Rulers and soldiers

        3.  Merchants and wealthy farmers

        4.  Workers

        -----------------------

        5.  Outcastes = Untouchables

    Reincarnation--Samsara

        Karma

 

Brahmins = Hindus

    Upanishads

    Moksha = Nirvana

    Tantra

 

Shramanas

    1.  Lokayatas = Charvakas

    2.  Gymnosophists--Sanjaya

            Skeptics--Pyrrho of Elis

    3.  Jains--Mahavira

            Doctrine of Manysidedness

                Doctrine of the Maybes

                Doctrine of the Standpoints

            Non -violence

            24 Tirthankaras

            Bahubali = Gommateshvara

            Digambara

            Shvetambara

    4.  Ajivikas--Gosala

    5.  Buddhists--Siddhartha Gautama

            St. Josaphat--Nov. 27

            Bodh Gaya--Bo Tree

            4 Noble Truths

            3 branches

                Theravada

                Mahayana

                    Bodhisattva

                Tantric

                    Right-hand

                        Mandala

                        Mantra

                    Left-hand

                Zen

 

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SHRAMANA RELIGIONS (minus Buddhism)

 

1.  Lokayatas = Charvakas

 

2.  Gymnosophists--Sanjaya

        Alexander the Great--326 BCE

        Skeptics--Pyrrho of Elis

        Chandragupta Maurya

            Kautilya--Arthashastra

            Megasthenes

 

3.  Jains--Mahavira

        Doctrine of Manysidedness

            Doctrine of the Maybes

            Doctrine of the Standpoints

        Non-violence

        24 Tirthankaras

            Rishabha--1st Tirthankara

                Bharata

                Bahubali = Gommateshvara

        Shravana Belgola

            Bhadrabahu

                Digambara = Sky-Clad

                    Jinasena

                Shvetambara = White-Clad

                    Mt. Abu

                    Queen's Step-Well at Patan

                    Sthanakavasi

        Yapaniya (attempt at compromise)

            Malli--19th Tirthankara

 

4.  Ajivikas--Gosala

        Kashyapa

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SHRAMANA RELIGIONS OF INDIA

(emphasizing the Jains)

 

1.  Buddhists--Siddhartha Gautama

             Four Noble Truths

            Three main branches

                        Theravada--spread south to Sri Lanka and southeast Asia

                        Mahayana--spread west to China and Japan

                        Tantric--spread north to Tibet

                                    Right Hand

                                                Mandala

                                    Left Hand

 

2.  Gymnosophists--Sanjaya

            Alexander the Great--326 BCE

            Skeptics--Pyrrho of Elis

 

3.  Jains--Mahavira

            Parsva--750 BCE

            Mahavira--500 BCE

                        Doctrine of Manysidedness

                                    Doctrine of the Standpoints

                                    Doctrine of the Maybes (Sevenfold Predication)

                        Non-violence

                        Tirthankara

 

            Digambara=Sky-clad

                        Lohanipur Torso #1--c.300 BCE

                        Jinasena--800s

                        Shravana Belgola--981 or 983

                                    Chandragupta Maurya--300 BCE

                                    Bhadrabahu--300 BCE

                                    Bahubali=Gommateshvara

                                                Rishabha--1st Tirthankara

                                                Bharata

                                    Math

                                                 6 Lesyas

 

            Yapaniya (attempt at compromise)

                        Mali--19th Tirthankara--1000

 

            Shvetambara=White-clad

                        Mount Abu--11th-13th cent.

                        Patan    

                                    Rani-ki-kav=Queen's step-well--c.1200

                        Sthanakavasi  

 

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INDIAN RELIGIONS AND THE TRANSCENDENTALISTS

 

Aryans

Brahmins = Hindus

    Upanishads

    Moksha = Nirvana

Shramanas

    1.  Lokayatas = Charvakas

    2.  Gymnosophists--Sanjaya

            Quadrilemma

            Ataraxia

            Alexander the Great

            Skeptics--Pyrrho of Elis

    3.  Jains--Mahavira

            Doctrine of Manysidedness

                Doctrine of the Maybes

                Doctrine of the Standpoints

            Non-violence

                Vegetarianism

            24 Tirthankaras

            Bahubali = Gommateshvara

            6 Lesyas

            Digambara = Sky-Clad

                Nirgrangha

                Jinasena

            Shvetambara = White-Clad

                Sthanakavasi

            Yapaniya (attempt at compromise)

                Malli

    4.  Ajivikas--Gosala

            Kashyapa

    5.  Buddhists--Siddhartha Gautama

            Bodh Gaya--Bo Tree

            Sarnath

                4 Noble Truths

 

Transcendentalism

    Emerson

        Self-Reliance

    Thoreau

        Walden

        Civil disobedience

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

BUDDHIST ART AND CULTURE

 

1.  Theravada--Ceylon & SE Asia

        Bodh Gaya

            Jataka Tales

        Sanchi

        Yakshi

 

2.  Mahayana--China & Japan

        Kushans--Kanishka

            Gandhara

                Bodhisattva

            Mathura

        Gupta dynasty

            Mathura

            Sarnath

            Ajanta

 

3.  Tantra--Tibet

        Right-hand

            Mandala

            Mantra

            Milarepa

        Left-hand

 

4.  Zen

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

RE-EMERGENCE OF HINDU CULTURE

 

Literature

    Epics

        Mahabharata

            5 Pandava brothers

            Bhagavad Gita

        Ramayana

    Drama

        Bhasa & Shudraka--The Little Toy Cart

        Kalidasa--Shakuntala

        Harsha

 

Mathematics

    Zero

    Decimal system

    Aryabhatta

    Bhaskara

 

Hindu Trinity

    Brahma the Creator

    Vishnu the Preserver

        Avatars: Rama, Krishna, Buddha

    Shiva the Destroyer

        Parvati

        Ganesh

 

Goddesses

    Durga

    Kali

        Thugs

 

Temples

    Mahabalapuram

    Khajuraho

        Left-hand Tantra

        Kama Sutra

 

Philosophy

    Shankara--Vedanta

    Ramanuja--Bhakti

        Srirangam

 

Southern kingdoms

    Chola

    Vijayanagar

 

Spread to SE Asia

    Borobadur, Java

        Right-hand Tantra

        Mandala

        Samantrabhadra

        Vairochana

    Ankor Wat, Cambodia

        Jayavarman VII

            Ankor Thom

    Vietnam

    Burma

    Bali

 

Spread to Europe

    Gymnosophists

    St. Josaphat--November 27

    "Arabic" numerals

    Gypsies

 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

EARLY CHINA


Names
    Family first
    Wade-Giles
    Pinyin--1979
        c=ts
        q=ch
        x=sh

Shang dynasty  1766-1045 BCE

Zhou/Chou dynasty 1045-256 BCE
    Confucius (Kung Fuzi/K'ung Fu-tzi)--c. 500
        Analects
---------------------------------------------
    Daoism/Taoism
        Laozi/Lao-tzu--c.500?
            Dao de jing/Tao Te Ching
        Zhuangzi/Chuang-tzu--c.300
    Legalism
----------------------------------------------
Qin/Ch'in dynasty 221-206 BCE
    Qin Shihuangdi/Ch'in Shih-huang-ti

Han dynasty  206 BCE-221 CE
    Liu Bang/Liu Pang = Han Gaodi/Han Kao-ti
        Mandate of Heaven
        Civil Service Exam
    Han Jingdi/Han Ching-ti
        Eunuchs
    Han Wudi/Han Wu-ti
        1st Chinese university
        Zhang Qian/Chang Ch'ien
            Xiongnu/Hsiung-nu = Huns
            Yuezhi/Yueh Chi = Kushans
        Sima Qian/Ssu-ma Ch'ien
        Succession
    Wang Mang usurpation  9-23 CE
    Ban family
        Ban Chao/Pan Ch'ao
        Ban Gu/Pan Ku
        Ban Zhao/Pan Chao

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

CHINESE PAINTERS

   

Zhou/Chou dynasty 1045-256 B.C.  

            Confucius/Kung Fuzi/K'ung Fu-tzi--c. 500

            Laozi/Lao-tzu--c.500?--Daoism/Taoism

                        Zhuangzi/Chuang-tzu--c.300

 

Northern & Southern dynasties  317-589

            Gu Kaizhi/Ku Kai-chih

 

Tang/T'ang dynasty 618-907

            Emperor Ming-huang

                        Yang Guifei/Yang Kuei-fei

            Li Bai/Li Po (poet)

 

            Painters

                        Yan Liben/Yen Li-Pen

                        Han Gan/Han Kan

                        Zhou Fang/Chou Fang

                        Wu Daozi/Wu Tao-tzu

 

Sung dynasty  960-1279

            Fan Kuan/Fan K'uan

            Su Dongpo/Su Tung-p'o  

                        Wang Anshih/Wang An-Shih

                        Zhu Xi/Chu Hsi

            Emperor Huizong/Hui-tsung

            Ma Yuan

 

            Chan/Ch'an = Zen

                        Shi Ke/Shih K'o—5 dynasties

                        Liang Kai/Liang K'ai—Sung

                        Muqi/Mu Ch'i--Sung

 

Yuan dynasty (Mongols) 1260-1368

            Zhao Mengfu/Chao Meng-fu

            Wang Meng

            Ni Zan/Ni Tsan

            Qian Xuan/Ch'ien Hsuan

 

Ming dynasty  1368-1644

            Wen Zhengming/Wen Ching-ming

 

Qing/Ch'ing dynasty (Manchurians)  1644-1912

            Zhu Da/Chu Ta  (Chan = Zen)

                        = Ba-da-shan-ren/Pa-ta-shan-jen

            Giuseppe Castiglione = Lang Shiming/Lang Shih-ming

Republic 1912-

            Xu Beihong/Hsu Pei-hung/Ju Péon

            Yuan Yunshen

   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SUI AND TANG DYNASTY CHINA

 

Spellings

    Wade-Giles

    Pinyin

 

Northern & Southern dynasties 317-589

    Gu Kaizhi/Ku Kai-chi

    Yan Liben/Yen Li-Pen (Tang painter)

 

Sui dynasty 589-618

    Yang Jian/Wendi/Wen-ti

    Yangdi/Yang-ti

        Grand Canal

 

Tang/T'ang dynasty 618-907

    Taizong/Tai Tsung

    Empress Wu

        Dunhuang

        Jataka Tales

        Pagoda

    Ming-huang

        Yang Guifei/Yang Kuei-fei

        An Lushan

        Uighurs--Nestorian Christians

            Manicheans

    Painters

        Han Gan/Han Kan

        Zhou Fang/ Chou Fang

        Wu Daozi/Wu Tao-tzu

    Poets

        Li Bai/Li Po

        Du Fu/Tu Fu

        Bo Zhu-yi/Po Chu-i

 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SUNG AND YUAN DYNASTY CHINA + A BIT OF JAPAN

 

Sung dynasty 960-1279

    Fan Kuan/Fan K'uan

    Su Dongpo/Su Tung-p'o

        Wang Anshih/Wang An-shih

        Zhu Xi/Chu Hsi

            Pentatonic scale

    Emperor Huizong/Hui-tsung

        Liao (Khitan Tarters)

            Guanyin/Kuan-yin

 

Chan/Ch'an = Zen

    Shi Ke/Shi K'o--5 dynasties

    Liang Kai/Liang K'ai--Sung

    Muqi/Mu Ch'i--Sung


Yuan dynasty  1260-1368
    Gengis Khan
    Kublai Khan
        Marco Polo
    Zhao Mengfu/Chao Meng-fu
        Guan Daosheng/Kuan Tao-sheng
    Wang Meng
    Ni Zan/Ni Tsan
    Qian Xuan/Ch'ien Hsuan

Japan

    Nara ~ Tang

        Prince Shotoku Taishi

    Heien ~ Sung

        Lady Murasaki

            The Tale of Genji

    Kamakura

        Samurai

 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GREEK ATHLETICS AND EDUCATION

 

A well developed mind in a well developed body

    Individual sports

 

Clothing

    Chlamys

    Peplos

    Himation

 

Gymnasium

    Efficiency

    Health--Spartan girls

    Independent thought--Spartan girls

    Purity or Honesty--worship, trainers

    Beauty--older women

    Wholeness--Plato

    Peace

 

Olympia--Zeus

    Stade race--200 yards

    Olympiad

 

Delphi--Apollo

 

Sparta

    Gymnopaedia

 

Kouros

    Kleobis and Biton

 

Pindar

 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

GREEK ART IN THE AGE OF PERICLES

 

Classical period

 

Kritios Boy--480 BCE

 

Myron

    Discus Thrower

    Marsyas & Athena

    Poseidon (Neptune)

 

Polykleitos (Polyclitus)

    Spearbearer

    Lost-wax method

    Riaci Warriors

 

Pericles

    Acropolis

    Aspasia

    Doric

        Triglyphs & metopes

    Ionic

    Nike

 

Phidias--Parthenon

    Cella

    Panathenaic Festival

 

Theatre of Dionysus

    Trilogy

    Sophocles

        Oedipus

 

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SHORT PRESENTATION OF ALL GREEK ART

 

Classical period

 

Kritios Boy--480 BCE

 

Myron

    Discus Thrower

    Poseidon (Neptune)

 

Polykleitos (Polyclitus)

    Spearbearer

 

Pericles

    Acropolis

 

Phidias--Parthenon

    Doric

    Ionic

        Continuous frieze

        Panathenaic Festival

    Nike

 

Theatre of Dionysus

    Trilogy

 

Hellenistic Period

 

Praxiteles

    Aphrodite of Cnidos

        Phryne

 

Lysippus

 

Group statues

    Laocoon

    Dying Gaul & His Wife

    Venus de Milo

 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GREEK DRAMA (introduction to Antigone)


Oedipus
    Thebes
    Sphinx
    Jocasta
    Creon
    Antigone
        Elysian Fields

Drama
    Dionysus (Bacchus)
    Panathenaic Festival
        Trilogy=3 tragedies
        1 comedy
    Aeschylus
        Chorus
    Sophocles
    Euripides
    Aristophanes
        Lysistrata

Aristotle
    Tragic flaw
    Pity and fear
    Catharsis

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GREEK PHILOSOPHERS

 

Pythagoras

    Pythagorean Theorem

    Music of the spheres

 

Sophists

    Zeno of Elea

        Paradox

 

Socrates

    Philosopher

    Alcibiades

        The Good and the Beautiful

        Herm

 

Plato

    The Republic

        Parable of the Cave

 

Aristotle

    Principles of causation

        1.  Chemical

        2.  Physical

        3.  Historical

        4.  Purpose or destiny

-------------------------------------------------

    Drama

        Tragic flaw

        Pity and fear

        Catharsis

 

Gymnasiums

    Academy--Plato

    Lyceum--Aristotle

    Cynosarges--Diogenes

        Cynics

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

HELLENISTIC ART & PHILOSOPHERS

 

Art

 

Corinthian

 

Praxiteles

    Aphrodite of Cnidos

        Phryne

 

Lysippus

 

Statues

    Dying Gaul & His Wife

    Laocoon

    Venus de Milo

 

 

Philosophy

 

Skeptics

    Gymnosophists

        Sanjaya

    Pyrrho of Elis

 

Epicureans

    Lucretius

 

Stoics

    Marcus Aurelius

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ROMAN ART

 

Augustus Caesar (27 BCE-14 CE)

    Livia

        Cuirass

        Aeneas--Virgil

    Ara Pacis (Altar of Peace)

        Pax Romana

    Agrippa

        Aqueduct

            Arches & domes

 

Titus (79-81)

    Colosseum

        Bread and circus

    Pompeii

        Mt. Vesuvius

 

Hadrian (117-138)

    Pantheon

    Island House at Tivoli

    Antinous

 

Marcus Aurelius (161-180)

 

Constantine I (300-327)

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Canon of the Bible


Kingdom of Israel
    Saul
    David--1000 BCE
    Solomon
        Israel--to 722 BCE
        Judah--to 586 BCE
    Zoroastrian influence
        Ethics--not ethnic
        Amos
    Babylonian captivity
        Abraham
        Moses
        Creation

        Ten Commandments
Torah=Pentateuch
    J=Jahweh (Jehovah)
        Song of Deborah
    E=Elohim
    D=Deuteronomy author
    P=Priests

Other books
    Psalms
    Song of Solomon
    Job
    Daniel

Septuagint
    Ptolemy II
    Jerusalem Bible
        Apocrypha
            Ecclesiasticus
            Maccabees
    Diaspora--70 CE

New Testament
    Letters of Paul
    Manichaeism
        Mani

Council of Rome--382
    Gospel of Rome (Mark) c.70
    Gospel of Antioch (Matthew) c.90--Mark, Q & local legends
    Gospel of Caesarea (Luke) c.90            “    ”        “    ”
    Gospel of Ephesus--(John) c.110
    Gospel of Thomas
    Acts of the Apostles
    Epistles
    Revelations

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

BYZANTINE ART

 

Glass

Core-formed

Ribbon

Mosaic

Carved

Blown

Ravenna

Justinian

Theodora

Baptistry

Arrian heresy

Orthodox

Byzantium/Constantinople/Istanbul

Hagia Sophia

Anthemius of Tralles & Isidore of Miletus

Basso Profundo

Diptych


------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ISLAMIC ART

 

Jerusalem

Dome of the Rock

Cairo, Egypt

Mosque of Ibn Tulum

Mihrab

Minaret

Muezzin

Bilal

Bab el Futeh

Cordova, Spain

        Moors

        Averroes

        MaImonides

        Ziryab

Granada, Spain

AlhambraEdirne, Turkey

Sinan

Isfahan, Persia/Iran

Jami Masjid

Iwan

Kashmir, India                                            (Alternate pre-Mughal ending)

Char-bagh                                            Sultanate of Delhi 1205-1525

Shalimar Garden                                       Slave dynasty

Jehangir                                                Qutb ud-din Aibak

Delhi, India                                                                    Iltutmish 1210-36

Jami Masjid                                                      Raziyya

Shah Jehan                                            Queen's Step-Well at Patan (Hindu)

Agra, India                                                          Tughlak dynasty

Taj Mahal                                                         Ghiyas al-din Tughlak

Mumtaz Mahal                                 Firoz Shah III 1351-88

                                                    Mandu state

                                                         Mt. Meru


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

AMERICAN INDIAN ART

 

Spengler

1.  Age of Faith

2.  Age of Arts

3.  Age of Ideas

4.  Age of Power

   

 

Mexico

Peru 

North America

AGE OF FAITH

Olmecs

Chavin

 

AGE OF ARTS

Mayas

     Chichen Itza

     Popul Vuh

Paracas 

Mochicas   

Nazca

Hopewell

     Natchez

AGE OF IDEAS

Toltecs

     Tula

     Quetzalcoatl 

Huastecs

Tiahuanaco

Anasazi

     Chaco Canyon  

Hopi  

     Pueblo  

AGE OF POWER

Aztecs

     Montezuma II

     Nezahualcoyotl

Incas 

     Quipu

     Huaina Capac

     Atahualpa  

     Manchu Picchu

 

Iroquois Confederation

     Deganwidah  

     Hiawatha

Florida

     LeMoyne  

Ghost Dance

     Smohalla  

 

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MEDIEVAL CATHEDRALS

 

Romanesque

            Pisa (Italy)

            Gregorian Chant (monophonic)

 

Gothic

            NotreDame (Paris)

                        Rose window

                        Flying buttress

                        Gargoyle

            Viking & Islamic influences

                        Cordova (Spain)

                        Roger II of Sicily

                        Emperor Henry II--Stupor Mundi

            Bourges (France)

                        Tympanum

                                    Last Judgement

                                    Virgin Mary

                        Stained glass windows

                        Polyphonic music--Polyphony

            Sainte Chapelle (Paris)

            Milan (Italy)

                        Flamboyant Gothic

 

Averroism

            Aristotle

            Averroes

            Abelard & Heloise

            St. Thomas Aquinas

 

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ITALIAN RENAISSANCE

 

Shift in thinking

    Aristotle's principles of causation

        1.  Chemical

        2.  Physical

        3.  Historical

        4.  Purpose or destiny

                Oedipus

                    Tragic flaw

    Marsilius of Padua

 

Early Renaissance (1400s)

    Donatello

    Pollaiuolo

        Gutenberg

    Botticelli

        Lorenzo de' Medici

        Vanishing point

 

High Renaissance (late 1400s-early 1500s)

    Leonardo da Vinci

        Mona Lisa

        Renaissance Man

        Vitruvian man

    Michelangelo

        Pieta

        Julius II

        Sistine Chapel

 

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THE AGE OF DESPOTISM

 

Styles

    Baroque--1600s

        Bach

        Rubens

            Marie de Medici

    Rococo--1700s

        Sammartini

        Gainsborough

    Neo-Classic--1700s

        Haydn

        Mozart

 

Louis XIV

    Versailles

        LeNotre

        Topiary

 

Enlightened Despots

    Peter the Great--Russia

    Catherine the Great--Russia

    Frederick the Great--Prussia

        Chinoiserie

        Voltaire

        Science & Music

            Franklin--Glass Harmonica

    Joseph II--Austria

        Maria Theresia

        Mozart--The Magic Flute

 

Marie Antoinette

    Vigee-Lebrun

 

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ART, PROPAGANDA, AND CENSORSHIP IN THE 20TH CENTURY

 

Artistic styles

    Abstract

        Picasso

            Women of Avignon

            Guernica

        Mondrian

        Pollack

            Abstract Expressionism

    Surrealism

        Oppenheim

        Magritte

 

Influence of major thinkers

    Freud--Psychoanalysis

        Munch

    Einstein--Relativity

        Dali

 

Propaganda in Nazi Germany

    Fidus

        Hodler

    Murals and postcards

    Riefenstahl

 

China relaxes censorship briefly--1979

    Xu Beihong/Hsu Pei-hung/Ju Peon

    Zhao Yixiong

    Yuan Yunshen

    Google

 

Religious censorship

    Michelangelo

    Veronese--Inquisition

    Chocolate Jesus

        Klinger

        Ernst

    Islamic censorship

        Taliban

        Muhammad cartoons

 

Censorship by society

    Lindsay--Australia

    Benton

    Proper Way to Hang a Confederate Flag

    Don Imus

 

Self-censorship

    Botticelli

    Bazille

 

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

AFRICAN HISTORY AND CULTURE


Traditional
    West Africa
        Nok c.500 BCE-200 CE
        Ghana empire c.700-c.1200
        Ife
        Benin
            1300-1500
                Lost wax method
            1500-1700
            1700-1900
        Bambara
            Chi-Wara
        Yoruba
            Ibeji
            Orisha
                Santeria
        Fon
    East Africa
        Nuba
            Cicatrization
    South Africa
        Great Zimbabwe
        Ndebele
    Central Africa
        Congo

Islamic
    Swahili
    Mali empire 1235-c.1400
        Sundiata
            Griot
        Mansa Musa
            Timbuctu
        Ibn Battuta
    Songhai empire 1464-c.1600
        Askia

    Ashanti

    Senegal

Afro-Christian
    Ethiopia
        Amda Sion I  1314-44
    Slavery
        Sierra Leone
        Gabon
        Liberia
    Oshogbo, Nigeria
        Suzanne Wenger
    Congo
        Missa Luba
            Ordinary of the Mass
                1.  Kyrie Eleison
                2.  Gloria
                3.  Credo
                4.  Sanctus & Benedictus
                5.  Agnus Dei

South Africa
    Dingiswayo
    Shaka--Zulu
    Mzilikazi--Ndbele
        Great Trek
    Moshoeshoe--Lesotho
    Boer War
        Baden-Powell

Informative historical novels
    Marsye Condé--Segu and The Children of Segu
    Chinua Achebe--Things Fall Apart
    Peter Abrahams--Wild Conquest

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AFRICAN ART & MUSIC

(Shorter version)

 

Traditional

    West Africa

        Benin

            1300-1500

                Lost wax method

            1500-1700

            1700-1900

        Bambara

            Chi-Wara

        Yoruba

            Ibeji

    East Africa

        Nuba

            Cicatrization

    Southern Africa

        Congo

 

Islamic

    Timbuctu

        Mosque

        Minaret

            Bilal

        Mihrab

    Senegal

 

Afro-Christian

    Missa Luba

        Ordinary of the Mass

            1.  Kyrie Eleison

            2.  Gloria

            3.  Credo

            4.  Sanctus & Benedictus

            5.  Agnus Dei

 

   

 

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