Updated October 28, 2020

This information is provided by the Professors & Researchers Special Interest Group of The Naturist Society.  Please discover all of the other wonderful topics available by entering this site through the front door.


The Professors & Researchers SIG has been compiling bibliography since 2002.  A bit of overlap on these lists is to be expected.

Topical Bibliographies
    Abstracts for Legal Defense--in a separate file.
    Books on nudism before 1966
    Books on nudity in one city's libraries (Tallahassee, Florida)
    Greek Athletics
    Miscellaneous reading recommendations
    Solid facts and scientific research on nudity
    Books on nude art
    Stamps, Coins, etc.
    Henry David Thoreau
    Youth Camps--at the end of a separate file

Single-Author Bibliographies
    Boyte, Rob
    DeHoratev, Henry  (See Molnar)
    Devi, Indira
    Dretheus, Harry (See Molnar)
    Frandsen, Marvin
    Goines, David--at the end of a separate file
    Harker, George
    Hild, Carl
    LaTour, Henry (See Molnar)
    Leopold, Sully
    LeValley, Paul
    Molnar, Enrico S.
    Morley, Dwight Oakley (See Oakley)
    Oakley, Dan
    Orchards, Theodore
    Palmer, Stuart (See Orchards)
    Papalas, Anthony J.
    Pine, Tom
    Rapoport, Paul
    Reitman, Robert
    Salak, Joseph Charles
    Schroer, Sandra
    Selley or Shelley, Henry (See Molnar)
    Stewart, Jay (See Orchards)
    Storey, Mark
    Story, Marilyn

Book reviews
    Forest, Aglow
    Forest, Co-ed Naked Philosophy (in the visionary colleges file)
    Millswan, Living in the State of Dreams  (in the visionary colleges file}
    Smith, ed., Naked in Nature: Great Skinny-Dipping Moments in Art and Literature

These are mostly articles in naturist magazines.  For a comprehensive list of books on the subject, see http://www.naturistsociety.com/tns/resources/TNSBibliography.html.

A Bibliography of Nudism
as of 1966
by Robert M. Huntington, Ph.D.

The American Health Alliance published this as The Nudist Newsletter # 170.  It includes some old standard writings that we tend to forget about.

ln this category it is my intention to present a complete listing of books in English.

BLAIR, ALLAN,  Nudist Life in the Sun [as given on the cover] or Nudism, or Life in the Sun  [as given on the title page], New York (Zenith Publications), 1943.    [soft cover, 62 pages—midway between a book and a booklet.]

BLANK, NEILL, Why I am a Nudist.  Girard, Kansas (Haldeman-Julius), 1948.

BLANK, SARGE, Life in a Nudist Camp. Girard, Kansas (Haldeman-Julius), 1948.

BOONE, ILSLEY,  (1879-    ), The ABC of Nudism.  Mays Landing, N. J. (Sunshine Book Co.), 1934.

BOONE, ILSLEY, (1879-    ), The Joys of Nudism.  New York (Greenberg), 1934.

CAULDWELL, DAVID O,  (1896-    ), Nudism and the Truth about Nudists, Girard, Kansas (Haldeman-Julius), 1948.

GAY, JAN, On Going Naked, with decorations by Zhenya.  (a) New York (Holborn House), 1932.  (b) Garden City, N. Y. (Garden City Publishing Co.). 1932.

GIBBS, ANTHONY (1902-    ), New Crusade. [Published in England, c. 1932.]

HUNTINGTON, HENRY STRONG (1881-    ), Defense of Nudism,  [published simultaneously by three publishers]  (a) New York (Robert M. McBride Co.), 1958.  (b) Mays Landing, N. J. (Sunshine Publishing Co.), 1958.  (c) Canada (Burns & McEachon), 1958.

JOHNSON, DONALD, The Nudists, (a) New York (Duell, Sloan and Pearce), 1959.   (b) [Paperback] Spokane, Wash. (Outdoor American Corp.), 1961.  [This first paperback edition is slightly revised from the original edition.]

KIERNAN, EDMUND, God's Hitchhiker: A Novel, New York (Exposition Press), 1955.

LANGDON-DAVIES, JOHN (1897-    ), Lady Godiva: The Future of Nakedness,  New York, London (Harper & Brothers), 1928.

MERRILL, FRANCES and MASON, Among the Nudists, with an introduction by John Langdon-Davies. (a) [Place of publication and publisher ?], 1931.  [The first book on nudism brought to full publication in the U. S. A.]

MERRILL, FRANCES and MASON, Nudism Comes to America, Garden City, N. Y, (Garden City Publishing Co.), 1932.

MORRIS, HUGH, Facts About Nudism, New York, (Padell Book Co.), 1930.

MOUNCE, MERVIN (1909-    ), It's Only Natural, Spokane, Wash. (Outdoor American Corp.),   [Published in magazine format; illustrated with black and white and color photography.]

MOUNCE, MERVIN (1909-    ), Naked and Unashamed, Spokane, Wash. (Outdoor American Corp.), 1966.

PARMALEE, MAURICE (1882-    ) The New Gymnosophy, with an Introduction by Havelock Ellis.  (a) New York (Frederick H. Hitchcock), 1927.  [This is the first book on nudism written in English.  The edition cited here was attacked by a District Attorney in New York, and hence was circulated essentially privately--thus it is not considered to have been published in America at this timc.]  (b) London (Williams & Norgate), 1929,  [First English Editioin]

PARMELEE, MAURICE  (1882-    ), Nudism in Modern Life: The New Gymnosophy,   with an introduction by Havelock Ellis.  [The New Gymnosophy   was now brought back to America, and published by A. A. Knopf.  The title was modified as indicated, and the text revised.]  (a) New revised edition, New York (A. A. Knopf), 1931.  (b)   New revised edition, Garden City, N. Y. (Garden City Publishing Co.), 1931.  [I conclude that these two editions are identical, except that they were brought out by different publishers.]  (c)  London (John Lane Co.), 1933.  [Second English edition]  [In America, the book passed through at least five editions (counting the 1927 edition as the first one).  I will now give the citation for the fifth American edition, which I have examined, and which may be the last edition till the time of this writing.]  (d) Fifth American edition completely revised, Mays Landing, N. J. (Sunshine Book Co.), 1952.

ROYER, LOUIS CHARLES (1885-    ), Let's Go Naked, translated from the French by Paul Quiltana, illustrated, New York (Zenith Publications), 1932.

SALEEBY, CALEB WILLIAMS (1878-    ), Sunlight and Health, New York, London (G. P. Putnam's Sons), 1924.

SHAW, ELTON RAYMOND (1886-    ), The Body Taboo, Washington, D. C. (Shaw Publishing Co.), 1937.

SHAW, ELTON RAYMOND (1886-    ), and ILSLEY BOONE (1879-    ), The Body Taboo, illustrated.  [Essentially this is the second edition of the preceding   work.  The publisher is apparently Sunshine Book Co., Mays Landing, N. J.  Date of publication (?)]

STRACHSTEIN, A., Sunbathing and Nudism, Girard, Kansas (Haldeman-Julius), 1949.

STRANGE, JULIAN [pseudonym], Adventures in Nakedness, (a) New York (Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.), 1933.  (b) New York (Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.), 1934.  (c) [Reprint] Mays Landing N. J. (Sunshine Book Co.), 1942.

SUREN, HANS (1885-    ), Man and Sunlight, translation of Die Mensch und die Sonne.   [Publisher and date (?)]

WEBB, HERBERT, Eden Regained: A Challenge to Modern Prudery, with a foreword by Kurt Barthel, Spokane, Wash. (Mervin Mounce, Publishers), 1957.

WILLIAMS, CARL EASTON, The Psychology of Nudism, Mays Landing, N. J. (Sunshine Book Co.), 1941.


[Includes only outstanding articles which appeared in nonnudist periodicals. The many fine articles in the nudist press would have to be the subject of a separate bibliography, which I am not in a position to compile at this time.]

CHASE, STUART (1888-    ), "Confessions of a Sun- Worshiper," The Nation (New York), Vol. 128 (No. 3338), June 26, 1929, pp. 762-765.

WARREN, HOWARD CROSBY (1807-1931), "Social Nudism and the Body Taboo," Psychological Review, Vol. 40 (No. 2), March, 1933. pp. 160-183.


BARTHEL, KURT, Facts About the Origin of Nudism Abroad and in the United States,  privately printed, August 3, 1952.  [Pamphlet]

CUSHING, CHARLES CYPRIAN STRONG (1879-1941), Barely Proper: An Unplayable Play, by Tom Cushing, illustrated by Mordicai Gorelik. New York (Farrar & Rinehart), 1931.

MOUNCE, MERVIN, and DONALD JOHNSON, Nudst Primer. Spokane, Wash. (Mervin Mounce, Publishers), 1952.  [Successive editions are brought out every year or so.]  [Booklet]

SEAL, HERB, Family-Group Identification with the Nudist Movement of Oregon and Northern California.  San Francisco, Calif.  (privately priinted Master's thesis for San Francisco State College), 1960.  [Thesis]

What Is Nudism?  American Health Alliance, 1964.  [Booklet]


[The two works recorded here are so important in terms of historical priority that they merit inclusion--even in an English bibliography.  Regrettably, these books have not been translated.]*

PUDOR, HEINRICH (1865-    ), Nackt-Kultur, Berlin (Steglitz), 1906.

UNGEWITTER, RICHARD (1869-    ), Die Nacktheit in entwicklungsgeschichtlicher, gesundheitlicher, moralischer und kunstlerischer Beleuchtung.  Stuttgart, Germany (Verlag von Richard Ungewitter).  [This is the first book on nudism.  There is confusion over the precise date of initial publication, but the copy I examined—printed in 1922—implies that this date was 1905.  It may be added that Ungewitter published at least five other works on nudism.  I have a note which states that one of these, a pamphlet, was published in 1903 or before.]

*In recent years, Cec Cinder has published translations of both of these works.


ILFELD, FRED JR. (1940-    ), and ROGER LAUER (1940-    ), Social Nudism in America, New Haven, Conn. (College and University Press), 1964.

LORAND, SANDOR (1892-    ), "The Psychology of Nudism," Psychoanalytical Review, April, 1933.

    Annotated Bibliography of Books On Nudity
    in Tallahassee, Florida
    --Paul LeValley

    Tallahassee has five libraries:  two universities, a community college, the public library, and the state library.  Prudishness reigns at the community college, but the other four libraries make some effort to cover nudist-related topics.

    I first compiled this list in 1991, at the time of our club's fifth anniversary.  I then notified all libraries of a weakness in family-oriented works.  Some libraries worked to fill that gap.  So on our tenth anniversary, we published the list below. 

    So far as I know, no other club has taken up the project of finding out what books are available for their members.  For SIG members in other cities, this annotated list may give you an idea of what is commonly available--perhaps in a library near you.

    This list does not cover "How to" books on drawing, painting, or photographing the nude.  Nor does it cover the works of individual artists or photographers.  Unless they have already been collected, essays and magazine articles are not included here.


L -- Leon County Public Library
S -- State Library of Florida
U -- Florida State University
A -- Florida A & M University
C -- Tallahassee Community College
B -- Tallahassee Bare-Devils [now Tallahassee Naturally]
P -- Private collection

    The Naturist Movement

As Nature Intended by Adam Clapham and Robin Constable.  A heavily illustrated history, showing the athleticism of the early years.  The informative text contains much European materiel unavailable elsewhere.  B.

Among the Nudists by Frances and Mason Merrill.  In 1930, the authors toured the nudist parks of Germany and France, bringing the first report back to this country.  American social nudism largely sprang from this book.  U.

The Nudists by Donald Johnson (pen name of John Ball).  History and description of the U.S. nudist movement up to 1959.  He tucks the most tumultuous part (a split-up in the early 50s) into an appendix in the back.  P:Steve.

Nudist Magazines of the 50s and 60s, v. 1-2.  Timeless articles and pictures (some seen now for the first time without airbrushing) from the "golden age" of American nudist magazines when many flourished.  A.
North American Guide to Nude Recreation.  All AANR resorts and non-landed groups are described.  Recent editions have included pictures of each group (though they left ours out).  Maps and lists of facilities are at the back.  Expect a smaller, less-pictorial edition in 1997.  SP:Many.

World Guide to Nude Beaches and Recreation by Lee Baxandall.  The Naturist Society's listing of free, illegal, commonly-used skinny-dipping spots worldwide.  Great variety of photos, along with travel directions.  B(old) P:Many.

Naturisme (formerly International Naturist Guide).  Maps to major resorts worldwide, with symbol-coded lists of facilities.  The U.S. section includes some non-AANR resorts.  The latest edition includes worldwide publications, libraries and travel agencies.  Otherwise, only useful when visiting Europe, Australia and New Zealand.  Old version -- P:Steve.

Nudism in Australia by Magnus Clarke.  Very detailed history -- maybe more than you wanted to know.  B.

Nudist East Asia Travel by Tahanga Research Association.  Rare travel information, amateurishly presented.  P:Paul.

Body Liberation by Emily Coleman and Betty Edwards.  A manual for beginners, with chapters on how to persuade your partner, and how to involve your children.  This is something you can hand to your favorite prude.  A.

Alternative Lifestyles by Jefferson P. Selph.  A research tool only, 1/3 of the book describes U.S. nudist libraries.  (The two biggest have since merged at Cypress Cove, near Kissimmee.)  U.

    Social Analysis

Nacktheit und Scham by Hans Peter Duerr.  The scholarly German text studies nudity in many cultures and ages -- especially medieval Europe.  The author thinks that body shame is natural.  U.

Anatomy of Nakedness by Paul Ableman.  A short but thoughtful analysis of attitudes about the many forms of nudity through the ages.  Effective use of photographs to clinch the points.  U.
The Unfashionable Human Body by Bernard Rudofsky.  A witty look at the absurd things we have done in the name of proper dress.  Great graphics and illustrations.  SUA.

Nude Attitude by Rob Boyte.  Thoughtful essays that have appeared in national naturist magazines.  A pre-publication copy.  P:Paul.

Nudist Society by Hartmann, Fithian and Johnson.  Updated edition of the only report on sociological studies of nudists -- most of them done in the 1960s.  A wealth of statistics and analysis. LU.

Social Nudism in America by Fred Ilfeld, Jr. and Roger Lauer.  A fact-filled analysis of nudist establishements and their members in the early 1960s.  U.

The Nude Beach by Jack D. Douglas, et al.  A sociological study of how people act at a California nude beach (not much different from people anywhere else).  The authors spend a disproportionate amount of time looking for sexual attitudes.  U.

Skinny-Dipping and Other Immersions in Water, Myth, and Being Human by Janet Lembke.  Only the introduction and first essay (and briefest mention in the final essay) have anything to do with skinny-dipping--but they are ecstatic.  This grandmother can combine love of nature, ancient history, and a fine writing style.  L.

The New Female Sexuality by Manfred P. DeMartino.  An exhaustive survey of sexual attitudes of female nudists.  Informative, but rather dry reading.  The bibliography lists several journal articles on nudity.  U.

Therapy, Nudity & Joy by Aileen Goodson.  A thorough report on the healthy benefits of nude therapy.  UP:Paul .

    The Ancient Tradition

Classical Attitudes to Modern Issues by L.P. Wilkinson.  He devotes a quarter of the book to summarizing what is known about ancient Greek nudity, and drawing a few parallels.  U.

Sexual Life in Ancient Greece by Hans Licht (pen name of Paul Brandt).  The disappointing chapter on nudity at least gives very clear references to the ancient sources where the serious reader can look things up for himself.  SU. 

Ideale Nacktheit in der Griechischen Kunst by Nikolaus Himmelmann.  A scholarly analysis (in German) of the heroic male nude in Greek art.  Some illustrations.  U.

There are many books on Greek athletics, but only three worth reading:

Athletics of the Ancient World by E. Norman Gardiner.  The original ground-breaking study, with rules for each of the events.  His theory that the Greeks briefly reverted to loincloths has since been disproven.  UA.

Greek Athletes and Athletics by H.A. Harris.  Same stuff, with the minor addition of field trials.  U.

The Eternal Olympics edited by Nicolaos Yalouris.  A coffee-table version with gorgeous illustrations -- largely from the vase paintings.  The many contributors add new  philosophical depth to our understanding of athletics' place in Greek society.  U P:Paul.

The Gymnosophist Legacy in India 326 B.C.-1604 A.D.  by Paul LeValley.  Scholarly dissertation on religious nudity in India, the Greek tradition of the nude in athletics and sculpture, and what happened when these two cultures met.  Brilliant, of course.  UP: Paul.

Jaina Art and Architecture edited by A. Gosh.  Pioneering 3-volume scholarly study of nude religious art in India.  Unlike the erotic sculptures on Hindu temples, Jain statuary is stiffly spiritual.  UP:Paul.

Naked Yoga by Malcolm Leigh.  Mostly photos of pretty girls in ancient yoga positions.  Not very informative.  P:Paul.

    The Christian Nudist

Nakedness and the Bible by Paul Bowman.  Book explaining the naturist interpretation of old and new testament verses--including many favorites of the anti-nudity Bible-thumpers.  P:Paul.  (Also a smaller early version:  B.)

Map is Not Territory by Johnathan Z. Smith.  Collected essays.  Only the first one is a scholarly analysis of a call for Christian nudity in the Gnostic Gospel of Thomas.  U.

Carnal Knowing by Margaret Miles.  After an informative chapter on the ancient tradition of nude Christian baptism, she turns to the many contradictory reactions of church leaders to the female body from the late Roman through Medieval times.  With heavy documentation, she argues that Christianity has strayed from its original message of body acceptance.  UA.

The Adamites of Bohemia by Enrico S. Molnar.  A short scholarly thesis tracing nude Christiam sects in late Roma times, and at the beginning of the Renaissance.  He points out that Christian leaders distinguished four different types of nudity--three of them spiritual.  P:Paul.

Hieronymus Bosch by Wilhelm Fraenger.  The first essay (originally published as a separate book) revolutionized thinking about Bosch's painting, The Garden of Earthly Delights.  Fraenger demonstrates that it was an alterpeice for a nude Christian sect at the beginning of the Renaissance.  UP:Paul.

The Doukhobors by George Woodcock and Ivan Avakumovic.  Tempestuous history of a Russian religious community in Canada who engaged in nude ptotest marches during the first half of this century.  A few historic photographs.  SUA.

Terror in the Name of God by Simma Holt.  An extremely hostile attack on the Doukhobors.  Beginning with, "the victims of this Mafia-like organization have forever been the children", the author shows photos of a nude classroom to document depravity.  SA.

    The Naked Child

Growing Up Without Shame by Dennis Smith and Bill Sparks.  Interviews with adults who had been raised in nudist homes.  U.

Summerhill: A Radical Approach to Child-Rearing by A.S. Neil.  The creator of a very free and open school in England devotes one disappointingly brief chapter to the issue of nudity.  A.

As Sparks Fly Upward by Kenneth Webb.  Philosophical reminiscences of a string of Quaker youth camps in Vermont where nudity is accepted as a part of natural living.  It focuses mostly on the boys camp.  Good reading.  UP: Paul.

Collected magazine articles on nude youth camps and scout troops.  P:Paul.

Canada Naturally by Richard West.  Gorgeous photos of family naturism at Quebec and Ontario clubs, with lots of children present.  B.

Lewis Carroll's Photographs of Nude Children by Morton Cohen.  Short scholarly booklet on the author of Alice in Wonderland -- mostly biography with a few photographs.  U.   

Art of Natural Living by John Wagner.  Cutesy paintings of children and families at the nude beach.  P:Paul.

The Seven Lady Godivas by Dr. Seuss.  A hilarious story of seven naked sisters, for adults and children alike.  LSUP:Paul.

Ishi, the Last of His Tribe by Theodora Kroeber.  Story of the early life of the last naked California Indian.  [Adult version listed in the next section.]  This book scarcely mentions the nudity 64 pages in, and comes with false semi-clothed drawings.  It's still a good story.  SUAP:Paul.

    Living Naturally

The Gentle Tasaday by John Nance.  A visit to the recently discovered Philippine tribe.  Though technically not naked in their G-strings, the children are especially heartwarming--joyful, affectionate and natural.  Lots of photos.  LSC.

The Naked Nagas by Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf.  Anthropological report on tribes of northeast India, some of whom wear only a very tight belt.  U.

Collected magazine articles on religious and tribal nudity in India.  P: Paul.

The People of Kau by Leni Riefenstahl.  Stunning photographs of young adults in Sudan, where the out-of-shape are punished by having to wear clothes.  No text.  An unrepentant Nazi, she lingers overlong on one violent ritual.  S.

Among Wild Tribes of the Amazon by Charles W. Domville-Fife.  Adventuresome report of a condescending explorer around 1920.  The photos are all lineups, with male genitalia blackened out.  U.

People of the Rain Forests by George Seitz.  Amazon exploration by a camera-toting couple with a priest for a guide.  Contains natural photos of family life.  U.

The New World by Stefan Lorant.  Includes LeMoyne's engravings which
document skinny-dipping Native Americans in north Florida 425 years ago.  SUC.
Ishi in Two Worlds by Theodora Kroeber.  Final years of the last naked Native American in California.  Some photos.  LSA.

    Unadorned Fiction and Theater

A Cool Cottontail by John Ball.  Murder mystery set in a California nudist resort.  Unfortunately, the early treatment of a black hero uses terminology that has become dated.  LSP:Steve.

Barely Proper by Tom Cushing.  Humorous play about a stuffy young Englishman who goes to meet his future German in-laws--only to discover that they practice nudity about the house.  Some of the puns stuck in my mind nearly 30 years before I re-read it.  P:Paul.

Le Nu au Theatre by G.J. Witowski and L. Nass.  The French text and many small drawings demonstrate the long history of baring the female breast (and occasionally more) on stage before the twentieth century.  U.

    The Nude in Art

The Nude:  A Study in Ideal Form by Kenneth Clark.  This is THE study of the nude in art.  He begins with a dumb premise that everyone feels terrible about being naked, but that true art lifts us above that sordidness.  The rest is thoughtful history arranged by types or moods.  UP:Paul.

The Nude Male by Margaret Walters.  A useful supplement to Clark, tracing the history of the male form from a woman's viewpoint.  The chapter on modern women artists is especially good.  P:Paul.

Image of the Body by Michael Gill.  Another worthy supplement to Clark.  Though the quality is uneven, he offers lots of original insights throughout art history.  He works from personal acquaintance with many of the modern artists.  UP:Paul.

Der nackte Mensch in der Kunst aller Zeiten und Volker by Wilhelm Hausenstein.  The German text treats art as a reflection of healthy social attitudes about nudity.  The small illustrations include such rarities as early Islamic nudes.  U.

"Art Follow Nature", by Paul LeValley.  Series of art history articles in Naturally magazine.  BP:Paul.

The Great American Nude by William Gerdts.  A thoroughly illustrated history of American paintings and sculptures by a top-notch art historian.  A.

The Body by Edward Lucie-Smith.  A coffee-table book with lush color plates of forgotten masterpieces.  The featherweight text gives little indication that this is by a major art critic.  SP:Paul.

The Human Figure by Charles Wentinck.  He argues that the only thing that has changed over the ages is our self-concept.  Good color reproductions of artworks (some clothed), which are not at all co-ordinated with the text.  UC

The Young Male Figure by Brandt Aymar.  This is a collection of pinups for homosexuals.  Despite the poorly-researched text, the sensitive artworks are worth a look.  U.

Nude Sculpture: 5,000 Years by Vicki Goldberg.  Lots of black-and-white photos--many of them close-ups without showing the whole work.  A.

The Figure in American Sculpture by Ilene Susan Fort.  This book presents many fine but little-known twentieth-century works.  Well illustrated.  U.

Veruschka:  Trans-figurations by Vera Lehndorff and Holger Trulzsch.  Amazing body paintings as clothing or camouflage.  U.

The Nude: A New Perspective by Gill Saunders.  If you like shrill feminism about the historic relationship between the artist and his model, this is your book.  A.

The Nude by Monica Bohm-Duchen.  Lots of pretty pictures with a short feminist text.  The author confuses nudity with sex throughout.  L.

Masterpieces of Figure Painting by I.E. Relouge.  Many color plates of female nudes all through the ages.  Good selection, but short on explanatory text.  U.

The Female Body in Western Culture edited by Susan Rubin Suleiman.  Essays by various authors.  Only three of them deal with the nude in art.  Heavy on aesthetic theory.  U.

The Bride Stripped Bare by Janet Hobhouse.  Psychological biographies of 13 twentieth-century artists who frequently did female nudes.  Fairly heavy reading.  UA.

The Body Imaged by Kathleen Adler and Marcia Pointon.  Essays by various authors on the sociology of selected paintings.  Only three of them deal squarely with the nude --in each case the male nude.  U.

    Nude Photography

The Human Figure in Motion by Eadweard Muybridge.  The pioneering sequences showing men (many in jockstraps), women, and small children performing everyday tasks.  A shorter selection, The Male and Female Figure in Motion, adds teenage boys playing.  No text in either.  U.

The Naked and the Nude by Jorge Lewinski.  A history of classic nude photos--almost all female.  U.

The Homoerotic Photograph by Allen Ellenzweig.  The title is misleading.  This is a solid history of classic male nude photos with little overt sexuality.  U.  

The Naked Eye.  A historical survey of artificially posed nude and semi-nude photos.  Not the best available.  A.

Nude Photographs 1850-1980 by Constance Sullivan.  Mixing the naughty with the nice, this is not really a naturist book.  U.

Greek Athletics
--Paul LeValley

    While I was at the American Nudist Research Library, librarian John Frakes mentioned that people sometimes come in asking for information on the Greek athletic tradition.  He said he often directed them to Tallahassee Naturally's annual College Greek Athletic Meet, but wondered if I could put together a quick bibliography of other things the library already has on its shelves.  Well, I had a list of my own articles on the topic (some of them merely repackaging the same ideas for different readerships).  And I was at the library partly in search of missing articles for the Tallahassee Naturally scrapbook.  So I pulled together the following:

* = non-naturist publications

Part 1--Articles by Paul LeValley on ancient practices:

"Book Review: The Naked Olympics by Tony Perrottet."  Travel Naturally, no. 56 (Fall 2005).  p. 60.  Also mentioned briefly:
    Norman Gardner.  Athletics of the Ancient World.
    Rachel Sargent Robinson,  Sources for the History of Greek Athletics in English Translation.
    Finley and Pleket,  The Olympic Games: The First Thousand Years.
    Nicolaos Yalouris et. al.  The Eternal Olympics: The Art and History of Sport.

* "Athletics and Ascetics: Different Yet Similar Traditions."  Gommatavani  [international journal of Jain scholarship] vol. 1, no. 5 (May 1986).  pp. 10-11.

"Athletics and Ascetics: Parallel Nude Traditions of Greece and India"  Art Follows Nature series.  Travel Naturally, no. 51 (Summer 2004), pp. 42-45.
 Expanded in Paul LeValley.   Art Follows Nature: A Worldwide History of the Nude.  Berkeley: Edition One Books, 2016.

* "Common Ground: Greek Athletics among Indian Ascetics."  Yavanika: Indo-Hellenic Studies, no. 10--2000 (2006).  pp. 33-60.

"Greek Athletics and the Arts."  Art Follows Nature series.  Naturally, no. 20 (Summer, 1996).  pp. 11-14.
 Expanded in Paul LeValley.   Art Follows Nature: A Worldwide History of the Nude.  Berkeley: Edition One Books, 2016.

"Greek Athletics and the Arts."  Slide lecture scheduled for the Mid-Winter Naturist Festival, Feb. 11, 2006.

"Jain Heirs: Or, The Real Gymnosophists, Their Thoughts, Their Legacy."  Clothed with the Sun, vol. 6, no. 4 (Winter 1986-87).  pp. 71-74.

"The Real Olympics: Education for Godlike Display."  Art Follows Nature series.  Naturally, no. 6 (Summer, 1992).  pp. 11-13.
 Expanded in Paul LeValley.   Art Follows Nature: A Worldwide History of the Nude.  Berkeley: Edition One Books, 2016.


    Part 2--Articles on Tallahassee Naturally's annual College Greek Athletic Meet (excluding routine announcements).

* "Greek Athletics."  Catalog of Courses.  Center for Participant Education [CPE], Tallahassee, FL.  Summer 1989.

* Daniel Oberle.  "Like Naked People?  Sports?  Nude Olympics This Weekend."  The Florida Flambeau, April 12, 1996.  p. 5.

* Angela Garcia.  "Nudist Colony to Host Authentic Olympics."  The Independent Florida Alligator.  April 12, 1996.

* Matt Rogers.  "Matt Gets 'Nekked' with Tallahassee Bare Devils."  The TCC Talon. April 26, 1996.

"Tallahassee Bare-Devils Hosts Nude Olympics."  The Bulletin, June 1996.  p. 20.

Paul LeValley.  "1,603 Years Later: Restoring the Tradition."  Naturally, Summer, 1996.  p. 14.

* Brian Lott.  "So, You Wanna Get Naked?"  FSView.  July 10, 1996.  p. 18.

"A Naturist Olympics."  Nude & Natural 16.1 (Aug. 1996).  p. 6.

"Athletes Shine in Greek Games."  The Bulletin, May, 1997.

* Mary Allison Chitty.  "Bare-a-thon: Tally Bare-Devils Plan Nude Games."  FSView.  April 13, 1998.  p. 12.

"Florida Club Sponsors Nude College Greek Athletic Meet.  The Bulletin, June 1998, p. 21.

* Ben Oppenheim.  "Hermes Vacation Suggestions."  Hermes [Wesleyan University], Feb. 1999.

* Chelcie Mickles.  "Students Baring It All."  Tropolitan [Troy State University], vol. 71, no. 18 (March 11, 1999.  p. 1.

* Daniel Carson.  "Athletes Show Naked Ambition."  The Famuan.  March 22, 2001.  p. 12.

* John Crawford.  "Calling All Exhibitionists."  The TCC Talon.  April 4, 2001.  p. 1.

* Michael Grabell.  "Classical Studies 101: The Nude Athletic Competition."  Daily Princetonian.  April 6, 2001.  Brief summary reprinted in the Calvin College Chimes.  April 13, 2001.

* Meghan Eisnaugle.  "Nude Greek Spring Break: Birthday Suit Required for Entrance and Entertainment."  The Lantern [Ohio State University].  March 15, 2002.

* Joshua Lough.  “Dare to be a Tallahassee BareDevil.”  FSView & Florida Flambeau.  April 4, 2002

* Arianne Robinson.  "Watch Where You Point That Javelin."  The Independent [University of Toronto].  March 20, 2003.

* Zachary Spain.  "Dare to Go Bare in Monticello: Ancient Pentathlon Contested in the Buff on Sunday."  FSView & Florida Flambeau.  March 20, 2003.   

* "Games Get Back to Basics: Tallahassee Naturally."  Spectator [Valdosta State University] vol. 73, no. 25 (April 1, 2004).

Paul LeValley.  "Attracting Students--Six Suggestions.  Nude & Natural 23.3 (Spring 2004).  p. 91.

"9th Annual College Greek Athletic Meet."  Travel Naturally, No. 50 (Spring 2004).  p. 60.

Steve White.  "The Tenth Annual Nude College Greek Athletic Meet."  The Bulletin.  Feb. 2005.

"Ten Years of Nude College Greek Athletics."  The Bulletin.  March 2005.

* David Rosenblum.  "Spring Break Event Offers Nude Olympic-Style Games."  Spinnaker [University of North Florida], vol. 28, no. 26 (March 9, 2005).

* Matt Somers.  "Sports in Brief: Nude Greek Games."  The Varisty  [University of Toronto].  March 22, 2005.

"Victory Wreath Goes to Five-Time Winner."  The Bulletin.  May 2005.

* Shannon Barney.  "No Shirt, No Pants, No Problem."  FSView & Florida Flambeau.  Jan. 26, 2006.  p. 4 & 7.  Also distributed by University Wire Service as “Naturist Club Gives New Meaning to the Words, “Full Moon.”

Paul LeValley.  "Tallahassee Naturally Comes of Age."  Nude & Natural 27.1 (Sept. 2007).  pp. 75-79.  [Includes color pictures from the first year.]

* Autumn Bullard.  “Stripping for Gold: Nude Community Hosts Naked Olympics.”  FSView, Mar. 27, 2008.  pp. 1, 3.

“Students Wanted for College Greek Athletic Meet.”  The Bulletin, Mar. 2009.  p. 12.

“14th Annual Nude College Greek Athletic Meet.”  Naturally, no. 70 (Spring 2009).  p. 50.

Carl Mario Nudi.  “The Tallahassee Naturally Greek Athletic Meet.”  Tampa Area Naturists, vol. 10, no. 3 (Mar. 2000).  pp. 1, 3.

Hunter Sizemore.  “Tallahassee Nudist Club to Hold Annual Nude Olympics.”  The Independent Florida Alligator, Mar. 26, 2009.

Hunter Sizemore.  “Eight College Students Compete in Nude Olympics.”  The Independent Florida Alligator, Mar. 30, 2009.

John Weldner.  “A Nude Direction--Ospreys Embrace Ancient Tradition.  The Spinnaker [University of North Florida], April 1, 2009.  [April Fools Day article]

Paul LeValley.  “Naturally FSU Recognized by College.”  The Bulletin, March 2010.  p. 1 & 12.

“Florida State University Has Recognized Naturally FSU as an Official Student Nudist Organization.”  Naturally, Spring 2010.  p. 56.

Paul LeValley.  Letter to the Editor.  Nude & Natural 29.3 (Spring 2010).  pp. 7-8.  [Naturally FSU and Greek Athletics]

“Enjoy Being Nude?”  The TCC Talon, vol. 60, issue 4 (March 24, 2010.  p. 7.

Matt Benson.  “Local Nudist Organization Holds Its Fifteenth Annual Nude College Greek Athletic Meet.”  The TCC Talon, vol. 60, issue 5 (April 7, 2010).  p. 8.

Carl Mario Nudi.  "The Tallahassee Naturally Greek Athletic Meet."  Nude & Natural 30.3 (Spring 2011).  pp. 75-77.

Chet Kresiak.  "A Brief History of Nudity in the Olympics."  The Bulletin, July 2012.  pp. 1, 6.  [front-page pictures]

"The Nude Athletic Tradition Continues."  The Bulletin, July 2012.  p. 6.

Lindsay Marshall.  "Naturally FSU Presents Film Reenactment of Greek Pentathlon."  FSView & Florida Flambeau (online version only), Sept. 17, 2012.

Paul LeValley, ed.  College Greek Athletic Meet [Movie].  2012.  Updated 2017.

Helena Sadvary.  "18th Annual Greek Athletic Meet."  Nude & Natural 32.4 (Summer 2013).  pp. 43-44.

Paul LeValley.  "College Greek Athletic Meet Turns 20."  The Bulletin, March 2015.  p. 24.

Paul LeValley.  "Hold Onto Our Teens, and Bring On the Students."  The Bulletin, July 2015.  p. 27.  [Reprinted the 2010 Greek Athletic picture]

Bibliography on Nudity in India
--Paul LeValley


Paul LeValley.  "Some Observations on the Sramana Religious Spectrum."  Sophia, vol. 39, no. 2 (Oct.-Nov. 2000), pp. 143-158.


Thomas T. Hargrove.  “The Rain Nudists.”   Sun Era 1.5 (May 1963).  pp.  10-13.  Reprinted in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.1 (March 1965).  pp. 86-90.  Reprinted again as “Fertility Rites on the Indus.”  Au Naturel 1.2 (Aug.-Oct. 1972).  pp. 30-33.

Paul LeValley.  "Athletics and Ascetics: Different Yet Similar Traditions."  Gommatavani  [international journal of Jain scholarship] vol. 1, no. 5 (May 1986).  pp. 10-11.

Paul LeValley.  "Athletics and Ascetics: Parallel Nude Traditions of Greece and India."  Travel Naturally, no. 51 (Summer 2004), pp. 42-45.

Paul LeValley.  "Common Ground: Greek Athletics among Indian Ascetics."  Yavanika: Indo-Hellenic Studies, no. 10--2000 (2006).  pp. 33-60.

Paul LeValley.  "Greek Influence on Indian Sculptures as Early as Alexander's Campaign."  Yavanika, Indo-Hellenic Studies, No. 6--1996 (2000).  pp. 3-27.

Mark Storey.  "Shedding Light on Naked Gymnosophists."  Nude & Natural 38.1 (Fall 2018).  pp. 68-69.

Mark Taylor.  "How Alexander the Great Was Bested by Naturists."  The Bulletin, Sept. 2016.  p. 20.


Paul LeValley.  The Gymnosophist Legacy in India 326 B.C.-1604 A.D.  diss. Florida State University, 1987.

Paul LeValley.  "The Gymnosophists."  Naturally, 17 (Fall 1995).  pp. 10-13.

Paul LeValley.  "Gymnosophy in Europe and the Middle East." Travel Naturally, no. 53 (Winter 2004-05).  pp. 38-41.

Paul LeValley.  "Gymnosophy, Past, Present, and Future."  Udayana: New Horizons in History, Classics and Inter-cultural Studies.  ed. Atul Kumar Sinha and Abhay Kumar Singh.  New Delhi: Anamika Publishers & Distributers, 2007.  pp. 110-114.

Paul LeValley.  "Jain Heirs or, The Real Gymnosophists, Their Thoughts, Their Legacy."  Clothed with the Sun, 6.4 (Winter 1986-87).  pp. 71-74.

Paul LeValley.  Seekers of the Naked Truth: Collected Writings on the Gymnosphists and Related Shramana Religions
.  Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 2018.

Paul LeValley. "What Did the Gymnosophists Believe?"  Yavanika, Journal of the Indian Society for Greek and Roman Studies, 2 (1992).  pp. 61-84.

Mark Taylor.  "Book Review: Seekers of the Naked Truth."  The Bulletin, Aug. 2018.  p. 20.


A. L. Basham.  History and Doctrines of the Ajivikas.  Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1951.

Henry Latour [Enrico S. Molnar]. "The Ajivikas of India."  Paradise, 10 (1965).  pp. 36-37.

Paul LeValley.  "Ajivikas and Buddhists."  Naturally, 24 (Fall 1997).  pp. 15-18.

Paul LeValley.  "Physical and Spiritual Love."  Naturally, 28 (Sept. 1998), pp. 12-16.

Luise Putcamp Jr.  “Tantric: Hymn from the Top of the World.”  Classic Line & Form 2.3 (Apr.-June 1968).  pp. 10-15.

Mark Storey.  “Buddhist Body Acceptance?” Nude & Natural 28.4 (2009).  pp. 61-65.

Mark Storey.  "No shame: A Tibetan Saint's Naturist Ethos."  Nude & Natural 23.3 (Feb. 2004).  pp. 75-79.


Lyle Chambers.  "Nudism as a Religion."  Sun Era: The Nude Age, 2.8 (Winter 1965). pp. 22-25.

Henry deHoratev [Enrico S. Molnar]. "The Sky-Clad Nudists of India."  Nude Living, 3 (October 1961).  pp. 28-30.  Reprinted without pictures in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.3 (Summer 1965).  p. 17.

A. Gosh, ed.  Jaina Art and Architecture, 3 vols. New Delhi: Bharatiya Jnanpith, 1974.

Paul LeValley.  "The Jains: Keeping Your Mind Clear By Keeping Your Body Free."  Naturally, no. 36 (Fall 2000).  pp. 12-15.

Paul LeValley.  "New Evidence of Mauryan Presence at Shravana Belgola."  Gommatavani, vol. 2, no. 7 (Sept. 1987).  pp. 5-6.

Paul LeValley.  "Sañjaya, Co-founder of Jain Philosophy?"  Gommatavani, vol. 3, no. 8 (Oct.-Nov. 1988).  pp. 2-3.  [Lead article].

Paul LeValley.  "Sravana Belgola."  The Dictionary of Art, 34 vols.  ed. Jane Shoaf Turner.  London: Macmillan Publishers, 1996.  vol. 29, pp. 438-439.

Michael Wuthering.  "India--The 'Sky-Clad' Jainists."  Sun and Health, International Edition, 15.7 (1951). pp. 9-10, 19 .


Robert Baty. “Eros in Stone.”  Film & Figure 15 (Apr.-June 1969).  pp. 64-67.

Irma Bishop.  “The Resurrected Dance of Life.”  Classic Line & Form 1.4 (Summer 1967).  pp. 24-33.

Cec Cinder.  "Chandragutti-Karnataka-India."  Bare in Mind, May 1991. pp. 15-16.

Henry deHoratev [Enrico S. Molnar]. "Krishna--the Nude God of Hinduism." Nude Living, 6 (April 1962).  p. 18.  Reprinted in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.1 (March 1965).  pp. 18-19.

Indira Devi.  "Idol Worship."  Sun and Health, International Edition, 15.1-2 (1951). pp. 27.

Indira Devi.  "News from India of 6000 Naked People Bathing in a Congregation."  Sunbathing for Health, 8.2 (July 1954). p. 31.

Alan Duncan.  “Kama Kala: Tenderness in Stone.”  Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.1 (March 1965).  pp. 64-65.

Pearce Gervis. Naked They Pray. New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1956.

Dolf Hartsuiker.  Sadhus, India's Mystic Holy Men.  Rochester VT: Inner Traditions International, 1993.

Robert Henry.  “Naked Goddesses of the Far East.” [with unrelated photos]  Classic Line & Form 3.4 (July-Sept. 1969).  pp. 6-17.

Donn Jackson.  “Tales of Love in Stone.”  Classic Line & Form 2.4 (July-Sept. 1968).  pp. 52-55.

Paul LeValley.  "Hindu Gods in Their Natural Manifestations."  Travel Naturally, no. 46 (Spring 2003).  pp. 42-45.

Paul LeValley, ed.  "The Range of Hindu Nudity: Three Perspectives."  Nude & Natural, 11.4 (August 1992).  pp. 36-47.  Contents:
        Paul LeValley.  "Some Background on Hindu Nude Worship."
        Carl W. Werner.  "Naked Asceticism in India."  Reprinted from Continental Nudist, 1.3 (Spring 1964).  pp. 12-15, 41, [which appears to have been reprinted from a 1931 source].
        Swami Lingaya Pasupati and Sadhak Ananda Ganapati. "Sexual Imagery in Saivite Worship."

Luise Putcamp Jr.  “The Skyclad Poetess of Kashmir.” [Lalla]  Teenage Jaybird 1.4/4 (Feb.-Apr. 1970).  pp. 10-13.

Barbara Roberts.  “The Ramayana: Exotic Sanskrit.”  Classic Line & Form  2.2 (Jan.-Mar. 1968).  pp. 12-17.  Reprinted as “India’s Sacred Sex Gods.” Woman in Art, 2.1 (Jan.-Mar. 1974).  pp. 40-47.  [second time with unused Bishop photos instead of drawings]

Mark Storey.  “Gandhi on Nudism and Public Nudity.” Nude & Natural 29.1 (2009).  pp. 19-28.

Storey, Mark.  "Gopi Skinny-Dippers."  Nude & Natural, 35.4 (Summer 2016).  pp. 47-50.

Mark Storey.  "India's Naked Woman Poet."  Nude & Natural, 21.1 (Autumn 2001).  pp. 91-95.

Michael Wuthering.  "The Hindu Conception of Body and Soul."  Sun and Health, International Edition, 15.8 (1951).  pp. 8-10, 30.


W. Crooke.  "Nudity in India in Custom and Ritual."  Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, vol. 49 (1919).  pp. 237-251.

Indira Devi.  " Aboriginal Tribes of India."  American Nudist Leader, 31 (1953).  pp. 8-9, 18-19.  Reprinted in Nude World, 1 (1962).  pp. 16-19.

Indira Devi.  "The Nagas of India."  Sunbathing for Health, 8.7 (Dec. 1954).  pp. 24-25, 30-31, 33.

Indira Devi.  "The Unconscious Nudists."  Sun and Health, International Edition, 15.12 (1951).  pp. 4-6.  Continued in 16.1 (1952).  pp. 20, 26.

Mahasweta Devi.  "Strange Children" and "The Witch Hunt."  Of Women, Outcasts, Peasants, and Rebels.  ed. Kalpana Bardhan.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.  pp. 229-241, 242-271.  [Short stories].

Madhusree Mukerjee.  The Land of Naked People: Encounters with Stone Age Islanders.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2003.  [Andaman Islands].

Christolf von Furer-Haimendorf.  The Naked Nagas, 2nd revised Indian ed.  Calcutta: Thacker, Spink, & Co., 1968.


Paul LeValley.  "How Do You Dress for a Muslim Invasion?  Or, The End of Bare-Breastedness in India."  Naturally, 2 (Spring 1991).  pp. 10-13.

Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai.  Chemmeen.  New York: Harper and Brothers, 1962.  [Novel].


Indira Devi.  "Great Possibilities for Nudism in India."  Sun and Health, 14.1 (Jan. 1950).  pp. 4-5.

Indira Devi.  "History Repeats."  Nude World, 5 (Dec. 1962).  pp. 42-44.

Jim Meyer.  "Depak's Dream: Can Naturism Find a Home in India?"  Nude & Natural, 22.1 (2002).  pp. 20-21.

Reggie.  "How to Have a Nudist Holiday in Asia."  Travel Naturally, no. 61 (winter 2006-07).  pp. 11-16.  [Mostly about other countries.]

David Stuart Ryan.  India: A Guide to the Experience.  London: Kosmik Press Centre, 1983.

Vivastra.  "India—The Birth Place of Modern Day Nudism?"  Australian Sun & Health, 63 (1998).  p. 46.

Revised Jan. 2017

Solid Facts and Scientific Research
--compiled by Paul Bowman
with additional citations by Paul LeValley

We need more studies using solid scientific methodology, like these:

    Casler, Lawrence, Ph. D., [Professor, Department of Psychology, State University  College of Arts & Science, Geneseo, NY], "Nudist Camps," MEDICAL ASPECTS OF HUMAN SEXUALITY, May 1971, pp. 92 - 98.

    Casler, Lawrence, Ph. D., [Professor, Department of Psychology, State University College of Arts & Science, Geneseo, NY], "Some Sociopsychological observations in a Nudist Camp: A preliminary Study," THE JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 1964, 64, pp. 307 - 323.

    Foster, Jeremy J., [Bolton Institute of Technology, England], "Notes on Perceived   Personality of a Nude," PERCEPTUAL AND MOTOR SKILLS, 1970, 31, pp. 941-942.

    Freed, Herbert, M. D., [Clinical Professor of Psychiatry and Medical Director of Psychotherapy at Temple University, Philadelphia, PA}, "Nudity & Nakedness,"  SEXUAL BEHAVIOR, January 1973, pp. 3 - 7.

    Goldman, R. J. & Goldman, J. G., [La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia] (1981) Children's perceptions of clothes and nakedness: A cross-national study, GENETIC PSYCHOLOGY MONOGRAPHS, 104, 163-185.

    Story, Marilyn, Ph.D., "A Comparison of Social Nudists and Non-nudists on Experience with Various Sexual Outlets", JOURNAL OF SEX RESEARCH, (Vol.23, No.2, May 1987), pp.197-211.

    Story, Marilyn, Ph.D., "Comparisons of Body Self-concept between Social Nudists and Nonnudists": JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, Volume 118, First Half, September 1984, pp. 101-111.

    Story, Marilyn, Ph.D., "Factors Associated with more positive Body Self-Concepts in Preschool Children," JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, Volume 108, 1979, pp. 49-56.

    Weinberg, Martin S., Ph.D., [Senior Sociologist, Institute for Sex Research, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN], "Nudists," SEXUAL BEHAVIOR, August 1971, pp. 51 - 54.

Comment from Paul LeValley:
    Let me echo this appeal by mentioning again that one of the dirty little secrets of Fundamentalists is their high divorce rate.  Studies in the 1960s showed a lower-than-average divorce rate among nudists at that time.  We are probably beating the Religious Right at their own family values game, but don't have recent numbers to prove it.
    When I put together Naturists: Upholders of Strong Family Values, I cited only solid research.  (Well, there was one exception with a headline too good to pass up.)  The point was that the opposition had not even a shred of evidence.  I ruled out a few studies because they appeared in sex research journals whose titles would raise more alarms than the research would calm.  That left only the following short list of factual documents (in order of citation):

1.  Gallup Poll, June 1983.

2.  Opinion Research Corporation Poll, February 1990.

3.  Roper Poll, September 2000.

4.  EXCEL National Telephone Omnibus Study #P841, October 2000.

5.  Roper Poll, September 2006.

6.  Roper Poll, July 1985.

7.  The World's Best Nude Beaches and Resorts.  Oshkosh: The Naturist Society, 2007.

8.  BTV Opinion Research Poll, October 1995.

9.  K. Bacher.  "205 Arguments and Observations in Support of Naturism, Extensively Documented with Quotes, References, Supporting Research, and Resources for Further Study."  Nude and Natural, vol. 16, no. 1 (Aug. 1996).  pp. 61-95.

10.  William E. Hartman, Marilyn Fithian, and Donald Johnson.  Nudist Society.  Revised updated edition.  Topanga, CA: Elysium Growth Press, 1991.

11.  Paul Okami.  "Childhood Exposure to Parental Nudity... A Review of Clinical Opinion and Empirical Evidence."  The Journal of Sex Research, vol. 32, no. 1 (1995).  pp. 51-64.

12.  Marilyn Story.  "Factors Associated with More Positive Body Self-Concepts in Pre-school  Children." The Journal of Social Psychology, 108 (1979). pp. 49-56.

13.  Robin J. Lewis and Louis H. Janda.  "The Relationship Between Adult Sexual Adjustment and Childhood Experiences Regarding Exposure to Nudity, Sleeping in the Parental Bed, and Parental Attitudes Toward Sexuality."  Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol. 17, no. 4 (1988).  pp. 349-362.

14.  Dennis Craig Smith and William Sparks.  The Naked Child: Growing Up Without Shame.  Topanga, CA: Elysium Growth Press, 1986.

15.  Ronald J. Goldman and Juliette D.G. Goldman.  "Children's Perceptions of Clothes and Nakedness:  A Cross-National Study."  Genetic Psychology Monographs, 104 (1981).  pp. 163-185.

16.  Rex v. Cruden, 2 Campbell's Nisi Prius Reports 89 (1809).

17.  Barnes v. Glen Theatre, as clarified in Triplett Grille, Inc. v. City of Akron, 1994 FED App. 0386P [6th Cir.] 94a0386p.06.

18.  Erie v. Pap's A.M., 98-1161.  Dissenting opinions of Justices Stevens and Souter.

19.  "Can Nudism Put Brake on Juvenile Delinquency?"  National Observer, August 14, 1967.  p. 1.

20.  Paul Okami, Richard Olmstead, Paul R. Abramson, and Laura Pendleton.  "Early Childhood Exposure to Parental Nudity and Scenes of Parental Sexuality ("Primal Scenes"): An 18-Year Longitudinal Study of Outcome."  Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol. 27, no. 4 (1998).  pp. 361-384.

21.  Elise F. Jones et. al.  Teenage Pregnancy in Industrialized Countries.  New Haven:  Yale University Press, 1986.

22.  Recreational Nudity and the Law: Abstracts of Cases.  ed. Gordon Gill.  Macomb IL: Dr. Leisure, 1995.

23.  Jen Pilla.  "Battle over Beach Nudity May Hurt State Tourism."  The Wall Street Journal [Florida Journal section].  July 19, 1995.  p. F-1.

24.  Pasco County Tourism Development Council.  Cited by Amy Keller.  "Buck Naked."  Florida Trend, the Magazine of Florida Business, June 2006.  pp. 78-81.

25.  Nude Recreation is Good Business.  [video].  Oshkosh: Naturist Education Foundation, 1996.

26.  Steven D. Moore.  "Social Roles and Contact Norms for Encountering Nude Bathers in a Wilderness Area."  Diss. University of Arizona, 1991.

27.  Oshkosh [Wisconsin] Municipal Code, sections 4-28, 4-29, 18-9, 18-81, as amended, 1996.

28.  "Comprehensive Adult Use Regulations"  Largo [Florida] City Code of Ordinances, chapter 13, article II-A.  1993.

29.  Creating & Managing Public Clothing Optional Parks and Beaches.  Kissimmee, FL: American Association for Nude Recreation.  2000.

An Annotated Bibliography of Books on Nude Art
(listed chronologically within each category)
by Paul LeValley

    Other books contain lots of nude art.  These are devoted exclusively to that topic.


Wilhelm Hausenstein.  Der nackte Mensch in der Kunst aller Zeiten und Volker. Munich: R. Riper & Co., 1913.  [The book is in two parts.  Some later editions published only one of the parts under this same title.]
    Unjustly neglected, this book pioneered the study of nude art--including a few examples from India, Japan, the Arab world, and Africa.  Never translated, it is accessible only to those who can read German.  Black-and white illustrations.

Paul LeValley.  Art Follows Nature: A Worldwide History of the Nude.  Berkeley: Edition One Books.  2016.
    This is the first book on nude art by a nudist.  It includes Egypt, India, China-Japan, classical Greece-Rome, the Middle East, American Indians, Africa, and the Pacific—plus every period of Western art.  The chapters appeared for 20 years as columns in Naturally magazine.  This is the first comprehensive nude art book in full color.


Clark, Kenneth.  The Nude: A Study in Ideal Form. 1953 A. W. Mellon Lecture in the Fine Arts.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972.
    In an otherwise magnificent book tracing nude Greek forms in Renaissance and later art, Clark on the very first page made a distinction between nakedness (which he considered pitiful), and the nude (which is high art).  Few naturists would agree.  But for fifty years, everybody has been quoting Clark.  It is an important study.  Black-and-white illustrations.

Margaret Walters.  The Nude Male: A New Perspective.  New York: Paddington Press, 1978.
    Walters concentrated on the neglected male nude--as seen from a woman's viewpoint.  It added a new dimension to the discussion.  Black-and-white illustrations.

Michael Gill.  Image of the Body: Aspects of the Nude.  New York: Doubleday, 1989.
    Gill extended the topic into 20th-century abstraction and fragmentation, where no one had gone before.  Black-and-white illustrations.


Bram Dijkstra.  Naked: The Nude in America.  New York: Rizzoli, 2010.
    While most books concentrate on Europe, with hardly a mention of American Art, Dijkstra discovered many forgotten national treasures.  And he showed them in full color (sometimes pages away from their discussion).


Gisella M. A. Richter.  Kouroi: Archaic Greek Youths: A Study of the Development of the Kouros Type in Greek Sculpture.  London: The Phaidon Press, 1960.
    This is THE scholarly study of the stiff early Greek statues of male nudes.  Black-and-white illustrations all at the back of the book.

Margaret Miles.  Carnal Knowing.  Boston: Beacon Press, 1989.
    After an informative chapter on the ancient tradition of nude Christian baptism, she turns to the many contradictory reactions of church leaders to the female body from the late Roman through medieval times.  With heavy documentation she argues that Christianity has strayed from its original message of body acceptance.  Black-and-white illustrations.

Leo Steinberg.  The Sexuality of Christ in Renaissance Art and in Modern Oblivion, second expanded edition.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
    Rejecting any easy answers, Steinberg argues that Renaissance painters of the baby Jesus emphasized his genitals to demonstrate that he was true man and true god.  He also touches on related subjects, such as Mary's bare breast.  Black-and-white illustrations.

Abigail Solomon-Godeau.  Male Trouble: A Crisis in Representation.  London: Thames and Hudson.  1997.
    She tries to explain--not always convincingly--why people in the nineteenth century preferred younger, softer male nudes than in previous centuries.  Black-and-white illustrations.

Exposed: The Victorian Nude.  ed. Allison Smith.  New York: Watson-Guptil Publications, 2001.
    This is an exhibition catalog from a period with more nudes than we might think.  Large color illustrations with explanations.

Linda Nochlin.  Bathers, Bodies, Beauty: The Visceral Eye.  Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.
    These heavy chapters are based on the six Charles Eliot Norton Lectures given by the author in 2004.  Concentrating especially on Renoir, she makes the mistake of thinking swimsuits had been around for a long time.  Color and black-and-white illustrations.

Richard Leppert.  The Nude: The Cultural Rhetoric of the Body in the Art of Western Modernity.  Boulder: Westview Press, 2007.
    Not a naturist book—the author sees sex everywhere.  But he makes some valid points, and skewers nutty theories about nineteenth- and early 20th-century art.  Black-and-white illustrations.


Anne Hollander.  Seeing through Clothes.  New York: Viking Press, 1978.
    Mostly a history of clothing, the book does show many nude paintings.  But she regards clothing as the normal human state.  Black-and-white illustrations.

Janet Hobhouse.  The Bride Stripped Bare: The Artist and the Female Nude in the Twentieth Century.  New York: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988.
    She demonstrates how the biographies of the male artist and the female model intertwine.  A mix of color and black-and-white illustrations.

Gill Saunders.  The Nude: A New Perspective.  Cambridge: Harper & Row, 1989.
    She argues that nudes all too often fall into stereotypes of active male, passive female, or conversely, woman as raw nature and man as creator of culture.  Mostly black-and-white illustrations.

Lynda Nead.  The Female Nude: Art, Obscenity, and Sexuality.  London: Routledge, 1992.
    She sees the female nude as an ideal, now sinking into obscenity.  Black-and-white illustrations.

Monica Bohm-Duchen.  The Nude.  Themes in Art Series.  London: Scala Books, 1992.
    This is an overpriced little diatribe on female nudes.  There is no pleasing this woman; she regards pretty female nudes as degrading, and unpretty female nudes as misogynist.  Color pictures.

Germaine Greer.  The Beautiful Boy [also published as The Boy].  New York: Rizzoli, 2003.
    This is more an appreciation of young men than a study of art—which she uses as evidence.  Tiny print, but lots of color illustrations.


Edward Lucie-Smith.  The Body: Images of the Nude.  London: Thames and Hudson, 1981.
    Some lesser-known beautiful examples--large color pictures.

The Male Nude: A Modern View.  ed. Edward Lucie-Smith.  London: Sarema Press, 1985.
    Catalog of an exhibition of modern art--this time all males.  Large color illustrations.

Deirdre Robson.  The Art of the Nude.  New York: Shooting Star Press, 1995.
    A brief collection of selected nudes, with a short explanation of each.  Color illustrations.

Miniature Nudes on Stamps, Coins, and Other Collectables


Bancroft, Eric.  Postal Pleasures.  Going Natural, 5.4 (Fall 1990).  pp. 6-7.

Deane, Frank Putnam II.  Philatelic Nudes.  Milwaukee: American Topical Association.  1966.

"Det bare frimerke." [stamps] [in Danish]  Nyt under Solen, Feb. 2004.  pp. 12-13.

Foster, Harold D.  "Additions to a Nudist Stamp Collection."  Sunshine & Health, Feb. 1940.  p. 14.

Hudson, Robert E.  "Nudes on Stamps."  Naturally, 8 (Winter 1992-93).  pp. 26-27.
Lyons, H.  "Nudism and the Postage Stamp."  Sundial, 13/2.7 (July 1963).  pp. 16-17, 36.  Reprinted in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.2 (May 1965).  pp. 82-83.

Margan, Regina.  "Philatelic Nudes."  Nude Image 16/3.4 (Jan.-Mar. 1968).  pp. 10-15.

Miller, Gerry.  "A Problem of Postal Propriety."  [Goya]  Modern Sunbathing, 148/29.9 (Sept. 1959).  pp. 18-19, 40.  Reprinted in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.4 (Oct.-Dec. 1965).  pp. 15-16.

Short, Harold Ashby.  "Going First Class." [stamps]  Nude & Natural, 24.2 (2004).  pp. 28-31.

Short, Harold Ashby.  "The Nude as Postage."  Clothed With the Sun, 7.2 (1987).  pp. 47-59.

Voorhees, Dr. Russell Raymond.  "Nudism on Stamps."  Sunshine & Health, Jan. 1960.  pp. 12-14, 31.


Rochette, Edward C.  "The Nude on the Coin" [Lady Godiva].  Eden, 20 (Spring 1964).  p. 32.

Sargent, Richard L.  "The Feminine Monetary Image."  [coins]  Continental Naturist 7.2 (July-Sept. 1973).  pp. 44-49.


Moore, Art.  "A Jaybird History of Playing Cards."  Utopia, 14 (Nov. 1967-Jan. 1968).  pp. 10-15.

Quinn, Tom.  "The Queen of Cards." [Tarot]  The Bulletin, Apr. 2019.  p. 31.


Latour, Henry [Enrico S. Molnar].  "Bookplates and Nudity."  Eden, no. 21 (1965), pp. 32-33.

LeValley, Paul.  "Bookplate Nudes."  American Nudist Research Library Newsletter, July 2019.  pp. 4-6.

Wijnberg, Bart.  "Ex-Libressen: Naturisme in Het Klein."  [bookplates]  Naturisme, 2003-2 (Apr. 2003).  pp. 44-45.  [In Dutch.  The ANRL has an English translation.]


"We Begin Our 40th Year."  
American Nudist Research Library Newsletter,  Jan. 2019.  pp. 1-4.


LeValley, Paul.  "A History of Nude Bookends."  American Nudist Research Library Newsletter, Jan. 2020.  pp. 4-6.

Henry David Thoreau

    A lot of people were rediscovering Thoreau in the 1960s.  The American Nudist Research Library has these magazine articles:

Austin, Thomas D.  "Thoreau, the First Hippie."  Ankh, 1.4 (Spring 1968).  pp. 12-21.

Hunter, Jon and Lyn.  "Thoreau: The Captain of the Huckleberry Party."  Sun Fun, 5 (1963).  pp. 19-21.

LeValley, Paul.  "All-American Boyhood."  Naturally, 25 (Winter 1997/98).  pp. 11-13.  [Thoreau mentioned only in passing]

MacDonald, Lawrence.  "Henry Thoreau—Liberal, Unconventional, Nudist."  Sunshine & Health, 12.1 (Jan. 1943).  p. 22.

Mayrand, Robert T.  "Thoreau on Clothing."  Sol, 1 (1964) pp. 46-53.  Reprinted in Sun Lane, 2.1 (Nov. 1968).  pp. 36-45.

Murphy, Mischa.  "Thoreau, the Thinking Man's Nudist."  Mr. Sun, 1.2 (1966).  pp. 18-20.

Salak, Joseph.  "The Nudist Philosopher." [Thoreau]  American Sunbather, 169/18.3 (Mar. 1966).  pp. 32-34.

Storey, Mark.  "Henry David Thoreau: A Contemplative Skinny-Dipper."  Nude & Natural, 36.1 (Fall 2016).  pp. 38-40.

    Thoreau also gets serious mention in the juvenile movie, My Side of the Mountain (1969).  Inspired by the great man's example, a 13-year-old boy provides for himself in the wilderness—which of course includes skinny-dipping (though filmed from a distance).  For a review, see:

LeValley, Paul.  "Survival in the Wilderness."  The Bulletin, Dec. 2017.  p. 31.

Miscellaneous Reading Recommendations
--Carl Hild

    The Spring 08 issue of Censorship News, the newsletter of the National Coalition Against Censorship, has a piece on “The Ultimate Taboo” on virtual child pornography, and it talks about the concerns of nude baby pictures and what is the “promotion” of such materials.  The May 19th Supreme Court decision could be read to include anyone who provides information about children and being nude or “Overzealous prosecutors who equate child nudity with pornography have charged parents and grandparents with crimes for taking pictures of their children in the bath, and charged academics for doing online research on erotic art.”

    Robin Baker.  Bird navigation: The solution to a Mystery?  New York: Holmes and Meir Publications. 1984.  The author’s research team conducted some of their work at a naturist club near Manchester, England to assess that those without clothes or with light cotton clothing could determine geomagnetic north better than those wearing synthetic clothing.

    Jacqueline Schoemaker Holmes.  (2006).  “Bare Bodies, Beaches, and Boundaries: Abjected Outsiders and Rearticulation at the Nude Beach.  Sexuality & Culture 10(4)29-53.

    Pamela King.  “‘My image to be made all naked:’ Cadaver Tombs and the Commemoration of Women in Fifteenth-Century England.”  The Ricardian, Volume XIII (2003).  pp. 294-314.

    Pau Obrador-Pons.  (2007).  “A Haptic Geography of the Beach: Naked Bodies, Vision and Touch.”  Social & Cultural Geography 8(1)123-141.

    Will Rogers.  There’s Not a Bathing Suit in Russia & Other Bare Facts.  New York: Albert & Charles Boni, 1927.  (Pages 130-133 have the piece on river bathing in Moscow with a cartoon by Herb Roth who illustrated the book).

    Jane and Michael Stern.  “A Reporter at Large––Decent Exposure.”  The New Yorker, March 19, 1990.  pp. 73-98.

Bibliography:  Rob Boyte

    Starting in 1989, Rob wrote articles in the Nude Attitude series, which appeared in a variety of naturist publications.  In 1995, he privately published a collection of those articles.  Many include his own drawings or photographs.  Rob has taken the lead in pointing out to museums and informative magazines that most of the people in their prehistoric diorama displays and paintings should be nude.

    * Starred articles can be read in full on Rob's web site.


"Buying Sunlight in the Sunshine State (Nude Attitude)."  Naturally, no. 7 (Fall 1992).  p. 25.  (with photo).

* "The Geographic Needs A Nude Attitude Adjustment."  Nude & Natural 11.4 (1992).  pp. 23-24 (with cover photo).  Reprint in Dutch translation: Naturisme 93/1 pp. 33 & 35.

"If Statues Are Free, Why Not We?"  Naturally, no. 17 (Fall 1995).  pp. 25-27 & 30.  (Nude Attitude with photos).

"Natural Diversity (Nude Attitude)."  The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 1, no. 4 (Summer 1995).  pp. 14-15.  (with drawings).

Nude Attitude.  Gainesville FL: Robert A. Boyte, 1995.  54 pp.

"Nude Attitude".  The Event, no. 32.  (Winter 1989/90).  (short).

"Nude Attitude." The Event, no. 34 (Summer 1990).  pp. 13-16.  (with photos).   (1st nationally published full article).

"Nude Attitude."  Newsletter of Gay Naturists International, Winter 1991/92.  p. 15.

"The Thin Line of Nudity."  [Couch Part I]  Naturally, no. 4 (Fall 1991).  pp. 22-25.  (Couch photo study and cover photo).

* "Nude Attitude--Couch Part II."  Naturally, no. 4 (Winter/Spring 1992).  p. 25.

* "Nude Attitude--Couch Part III."  Naturally, no. 6 (Summer 1992).  p. 25.

"Nude Attitude--In a Word."  Naturally, no. 22 (Winter-Spring 1997).  p. 32.  (short with drawing).

"On Modesty: Nude Attitude: Modesty is a Continuum."  Nude & Natural 12.2 (1993).  pp. 28-31 (photo p. 25).

"Tender Topic (Nude Attitude)."  Naturally, no. 1 (Fall/Winter 1990/91).  pp. 28-29.   (with photos).

"You Can't Do That, There Are Children Here (Nude Attitude)."  Naturally, no. 2 (Spring 1991).  pp. 6, 8, 9.  (with photos).


"Aesthetic Feet."  The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 6, no. 1 (Spring 2000).  p. 46.  (with drawings).

"Ann Landers Called Me an Idiot!"  The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 8, no. 1 (Spring 2002).  pp. 44-45.

"Ann Landers Silenced."  The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 8, no. 3 (Fall 2002).  pp.  40-41.

"A Brief History of Nudism."  The Promethean Humanist Newsletter.  Gainesville, FL.  November 1995.

* "Clothes-Minded Revisionists"
Nude & Natural 25.2 (2005) pp. 36-37.

"Clothing Styles of Ancient Humans."  Naturally, no. 38 (Spring 2001).  pp. 51-52.  (with drawing).  Published simultaneously in The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 7, no. 1 (Spring 2001).  pp. 38-39.

"Color of Maturity".  Naturally, no. 3 (Summer 1991).  p. 28.  (short with photo).

"Did Neanderthal Man Wear Clothes?"  The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 2, no. 4 (Fall 1996).  pp. 19-20.

"Distantly Related"  Nude & Natural 13.1 (1993).  pp. 87-88.  (with photos).

* "Feet and Other Objects of Desire."  The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 5, no. 2 (Summer 1999).  pp. 34, 54.  (with drawing).

"Forbidden Fruit."  Naturally, no. 19 (Summer/Fall 1993).  pp. 30-31.  Reprinted in Free Press, vol. 1, no. 7. (Oct. 15, 1994).  Gainesville FL.  pp. 10-11.  (with drawing).

"Full Frontal Nudity Seen on Miami Beach."  The Event, no. 30 (Summer 1989)  p. 11.  (short with photos).

"The Gay Nude Beach: Let's Keep It in the Closet."  The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 6, no. 3 (Fall 2000).  pp. 23-24.

* "Geographic Oops!"  Naturally, no. 20 (Summer 1996).  p. 44.  (with drawing).

* "The History of Clothing, Vol. I."  Naturally, no. 25 (Winter 1997/98). p. 44.  Published simultaneously (with drawing) in Sundial (South Florida Free Beaches Newsletter), Nov. 1997

"Jenny Thompson Poses Topfree."  The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 6, no. 4 (Winter 2000).  p. 32.

"Marilyn Vos Savant on Body Shame."  The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 7, no. 4 (Winter 2001).  p. 35.

"Naked Freedom."  Touchstone, Aug. 1996.  Gainesville, FL.

"Naked in the Hospital."  Nude & Natural 14.1 (1994).  pp. 19-21.

"Naked Scientists."  Sundial, July 1997.  (with drawing).  Reprinted in The Naturist Gay-zette, Winter 1997.

* "Odor Acceptance.  Nude & Natural, 15.3 (1995). pp. 125-126.  (with photo).

"Phallic Florida Turtle Flipper."  Naturally, no. 17 (Fall 1995).  p. 32 (short with drawing).

"Sensual Art of Julio Estrada."  The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 1, no. 4 (Summer 1995).  pp. 20-21.  (with photos).

"The Smell of Love."  The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 3, no. 4 (Winter 1997).  p. 43.

"Strange Beach Fellows."  HotSpots! vol. 11, no. 44 (Nov. 14, 1997).  Ft. Lauderdale, FL.  Published simultaneously in The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 3, no. 4 (Winter 1997).  p. 17.

"'Survivors' Impact on Nudism."  The Frisky Banner, Sep. 15, 2000.  San Jose CA: Bay Area Naturists.  Published simultaneously in The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 6, no. 3 (Fall 2000).  p. 22.

"Things That Go Bump In the Water."  The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 7, no. 3 (Fall 2001).  pp. 30-31.

* "What Does a Guy Wear to the Nude Beach?"  Naturally, no. 35 (Summer 2000)  pp. 36-37.  (with photos).  Reprinted in The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 6, no. 4 (Winter 2000)  pp. 30-31.


"'Hollow Man'--A Nude Movie Review."  The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 6, no. 3 (Fall 2000).  p. 46.

"Movie Review--'The Fast Runner--Atanarjuat.'"  The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 8, no. 3 (Fall 2002).  p. 43.

"Rob's Review--Trick's a Real Treat."  The Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 5, no. 3 (Fall 1999).  p. 45.

"Rob's Nude Review of 'Supernova.'"  The Slime Trail, Spring 2000.  SLUGS: Sun Lovers Under Gray Skies, WA.

"'Starship Troopers' Portrays Body Acceptance."  TSMN Natural Times, Dec. 1997.  Tri-State Metro Naturists, NJ, NY, PA.

Bibliography: Indira Devi

    From 1950 to 1954, several American nudist magazines printed lively articles by a young woman from India, who signed as Indira Devi (probably a pen name).  Then the articles suddenly stopped.  What had happened?  Probably marriage to a man who disapproved.  There was a letter to the editor three years later—then total silence.  In that final letter, she listed her address as Motihari, a medium-sized town north of Patna, near the Nepalese border.

    No one in India seems to know who she was, or whether she is still living.  It is clear from her writing that she hung out with well-to-do young ladies (both Indian and European) who had plenty of leisure time and were open to experimentation with nude bathing.  But it is her writing on nudity in the primitive tribes of India that remain the best on the topic to this day.

"Aboriginal Tribes of India."  American Nudist Leader, 31 (1953).  pp. 8-9, 18-19.  Reprinted in Nude World, 1 (1962).  pp. 16-19.

"Great Possibilities for Nudism in India."  Sun and Health, 14.1 (Jan. 1950).  pp. 4-5.

“History Repeats” [Krishna].  American Nudist Leader 30 (1953).  pp. 4-9.  Reprinted in Nude World, 5 (Dec. 1962).  pp. 42-44.

“An Ideal Place of Worship.”  American Nudist Leader, 27 (1952).  pp. 18-19.

"Idol Worship."  Sun and Health, International Edition, 15.1-2 (1951). pp. 27.

"The Nagas of India."  Sunbathing for Health, 8.7 (Dec. 1954).  pp. 24-25, 30-31, 33.

 "News from India of 6000 Naked People Bathing in a Congregation."  Sunbathing for Health, 8.2 (July 1954). p. 31.

“Out of the Past.”  [Letter]  Modern Sunbathing, June 1957.  p. 3.

"The Unconscious Nudists."  Sun and Health, International Edition, 15.12 (1951).  pp. 4-6.  Continued in 16.1 (1952).  pp. 20, 26.

Bibliography: Marvin Frandsen

The full text of each article listed below is now available online.  For this same bibliography with live links, go to http://www.free11.org/PRSIG/FrandsenList.pdf

Section 1: Newsletter Essays & Legal Updates

1996.03.00.What a Year & Greek Naturists.PC.pdf
1996.05.00.The Courts, the Naturist Cause & Dinero.PC.Frandsen.pdf
1996.06.00.Supreme Court, Free Speech & Radical Right.PC.Frandsen.pdf
1996.07.00.Re Playalinda Arrests.Letter to Editor, NewsOb.Frandsen.pdf
1996.09.00.Courts Meet CFN & Vice Versa.LegalScene.pdf
1996.10.00.Effects of Success.LegalScene.pdf
1996.11.00.Free Speech vs. People's Republic of CNS.LegalScene.pdf

1997.00.00.Case Update for FANR Newsletter.Frandsen.pdf
1997.01.00.Naturist Legal Update for the New Year.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1997.02.00.Bad Stuff & Good Things.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1997.07.00.As the Pivot Turns.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1997.08.00.On Overturning the Supreme Court.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1997.09.00.Kristina Davis & Beyond.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1997.10.00.Top(ic)-less in Melbourne.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1997.11.00.Naturists & the Permit(ed) Word (draft).LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf

1998.02.00.By the Time You Read This, It Will Be Obsolete.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1998.03.00.Pessimism & the Courts.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1998.04.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1998.04.00.Group Action & Ends of Power.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1998.05.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1998.06.09.Jet Skis vs. aircraft at CNS.Letter to Editor.Frandsen.pdf
1998.07.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1998.08.00.Cases Update - F1, F2, Permit, Palm, CFN v. Williams.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1998.08.00.Political Raspberries From & To a Brevard Circuit Judge.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1998.10.00.Cases Update - F1, F2, Palm, Sosnow.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1998.10.00.Great Canaveral Complaints Scam.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1998.11.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1998.11.00.Spinning the Elections '98.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1998.12.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf

1999.01.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1999.01.00.Goals & Wishes for 1999.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1999.03.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1999.03.00.FOIA Results for 1998.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1999.06.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1999.06.00.Does Naturist Litigation make a Difference.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1999.07.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1999.07.00.Dark Secrets of Concurrent Jurisdiction at CNS, 1985-1993.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1999.09.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1999.09.00.Deja Vu All Over Again.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1999.10.00.Naked Truth about the Case of the Naked Scientist.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1999.10.00.Sosnow & Other Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1999.11.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1999.12.00.Legal Nude Year in New Millenium.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1999.12.00.Update on CFN v.  Williams.CW.Frandsen.pdf

1999.Winter.The Great Canaveral Complaints Scam.FANR.Frandsen.pdf
Short Legal Scene column published in the FANR (now AANR-Florida) newsletter,
Winter 1999.  Essay and case study of how a political mugging is carried out against
naturists by opponents of nonsexual nudity.

2000.02.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2000.02.28.Intro to Canaveral National Seashore.Buzz.Frandsen.pdf
2000.03.00.1999 CNS Complaints & Tourism Data.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
2000.03.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2000.04.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2000.05.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2000.06.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2000.07.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2000.07.00.Publicity & Survival.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
2000.08.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2000.09.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2000.10.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2000.11.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2000.12.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2000.08.00.Tidbits from History - The Way We Were.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
2000.09.00.Is Public Nudity Legal in Florida.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
2000.09.04.Is Public Nudity Legal in Florida.Buzz.Frandsen.pdf
2000.10.00.CFN & BEACHES.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
2000.12.07.Female Dress & Female Civil Rights (scan).Buzz.Frandsen.pdf

2001.01.00.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2001.01.21.Case Updates - F#2, 1A, Palm, Permit.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2001.02.10.Case Updates.web.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2001.06.27.Case Updates - 1A, TF10, DEP.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2001.10.29.Case Updates - 1A, TF10, DEP etc..CW.Frandsen.pdf

2002.01.14.Judges Overrule State Constitutional Amendment.Buzz.Frandsen.pdf
2002.03.22.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2002.04.01.Bare Progress.Law&Rights.Buzz.Frandsen.pdf
2002.05.00.Nude Up North (Visit to Ft.  Monmouth).LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
2002.10.26.Case Updates - 1A, TF10 etc..CW.Frandsen.pdf

2003.01.13.Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
2003.06.00.News Flash 1678 (short).Buzz.Frandsen.pdf

2004.06.02.Federal Appeals Courts Overrule Supreme Court Nudity Decisions.Buzz.Frandsen.pdf
Draft legal column for the Beach Buzz examines the evolution of constitutional law regarding First Amendment protections for (or lack thereof) since the famous Barnes case, with a surprising conclusion.

Section 2: Special Essays, Letters etc.

2000.00.00.Naturists and the Permit[ted] Word in America, 1915-98.N.17.4.Frandsen.pdf
Comprehensive essay on the history of free speech and naturists in America.  Naturists have actually had a major impact on First Amendment law since the early 20th century.  Published in Nude & Natural magazine.  (Scanned hardcopy, 24.1 MB).

2001.02.00.Galileo & Naturism - His First Heresy.N 20.3.Frandsen.pdf (4.1 MB)
Discussion of Against the Donning of the Gown, an essay in verse by the youthful Galileo Galilei.  It turns out the young academic Galileo wrote the first naturist essay in European history, in verse, during his first academic appointment.  In the year 2000 this gem was rediscovered and translated into English by the head of the Italian space program and noted by the British scientific journal Nature.

2001.09.00.List of Naturist Science Books & Dissertations (scan).Frandsen.pdf
A list of books & dissertations on topics of interest to the social science of nudity.

2001.09.29.Bibliography For Court.Frandsen.pdf
List of naturist social science sources.  Intended to buttress legal arguments against adverse secondary effects.  Note actual court use requires expert witness testimony of sources.  For now it is simply a resource list.

2002.05.08.Naturist Science Summary Notes.Frandsen.pdf
Notes & quotes on naturist history and social science from a wide variety of sources - books, newspapers, journals, case law, internet pubs, etc..  (>700 kB)

2003.07.09.Don't Ban Nudist Youth Camps!.IC.Frandsen!
Essay inspired by Congressional House Rep.  Foley’s brief but famous crusade against nudist youth camps being held in Florida.  Rep.  Foley later became the subject of a scandal involving young male pages.  (2 MB)
Still published on line by Intellectual Conservative

2007.09.16.Why CFN Is Going Naked.cfn.web.Frandsen.pdf
A look at the business model of naturist clubs and how it should change in the 21st century.

2007.09.18.Naturist Resistance at Canaveral National Seashore.cfn.web.Frandsen.pdf
A comprehensive if admittedly incomplete history of the big picture of naturist resistance to repeated attempts to shut down nude recreation at Canaveral National Seashore.  (6 MB)

Section 4: Naturism & Religion

0000.Naturism & the Judeo-Christian Tradition (scan).Letter to Legislators.Frandsen.pdf
A short and goal oriented summary of why Christianity does not conflict with naturism.  (2.7 MB)

2005.12.31.Naturism and the Judeo-Christian Tradition.web.Frandsen.pdf
A thorough look at the Bible and Jewish and Christian tradition to show that Judaism and Christianity does not conflict with Naturism.  Makes the claim that the apostles/disciples practiced naturism and Jesus preached naturist ideals.  Considers objections made from Biblical texts.  (171 kB)
Also posted online at http://www.free11.org/JCN

Section 5: Naturist FOIA Reports, Tourism Studies etc.

1995.03.28.Frandsen Address to TItusville City Council + Worksheet (scan).pdf(1 MB)
Speeches given to Titusville City Council which resulted in a resolution against the imminent Brevard County anti-nudity ordinance.

1995.03.19.Playalinda License Plate Study #1 (scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf(0.5 MB)
First look at naturist vs.  textile populations at Playalinda Beach by counting license plates and noting location.  This approach was actually first suggested by a Titusville city council person.

1995.04.09.Playalinda License Plate Study #2 (scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf (1.4 MB)
1996.11.03.Playalinda License Plate Study #3 (Scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf (0.5 MB)
1996.11.05.CNS FOIA Report for 1995.04 - 1996.10 (complaints)(scan).CFN.Frandsen.pdf (< 0.2 MB)

1997.10.27.CNS (NAC) FOIA Report for 1995-1997.5.CFN.Frandsen.pdf(1.1 MB)
1997.09.02.NPS Figures for Attendance @ CNS, 1991-1997 (scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf(0.5 MB)

1998.01.12.CNS Tourism 1992-1997.Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf!(0.08 MB)
1998.01.12.Effect of Brevard County Anti-Nudity Ordinance on Tourism @ CNS  (scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf(5 MB)
1998.05.09.CNS FOIA Report for 1997.01-1998.03 (scan).CFN.Frandsen.pdf( 0.6 MB)

1999.03.20.1998 CNS Complaints & Tourism Data (scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf(1.1 MB)
1999.03.20.CNS FOIA Report for 1998 (scan).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(1.1 MB)
1999.07.05.Playalinda License Plate Study #4 (scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 1 MB)

2000.03.18.1999 CNS Complaints & Tourism Data (scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 1 MB)
2000.03.18.CNS FOIA Report for 1999 (scan).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 1 MB)
2000.06.11.Analysis of Public Comments re NPS Apollo Beach Plan (scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 1 MB)

2001.06.15.2000 CNS Complaints & Tourism Data (scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen2.pdf(1.4 MB)
2001.06.15.CNS FOIA Report for 2000 (e-).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 0.1 MB)

2004.01.02.CNS FOIA Report for 2001-2002 (e-).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 0.2 MB)
2004.09.27.CNS FOIA Report for 2003 (scan).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(1.4 MB)

2005.05.08.CNS FOIA Report for 2004 v.  1.1 (e-).CFN.Frandsen.pdf!(< 0.2 MB)

2006.04.30.CNS FOIA Report for 2005 (e-).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 0.2 MB)

2007.09.01.CNS FOIA Report for 2006 (e-).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 0.2 MB)

2008.09.27.CNS FOIA Report for 2007 (e-2).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 0.2 MB)

Section 6: Legal Memos, Essays & Letters

0000.00.00.The Path of Pro Se.Frandsen.pdf(< 0.1 MB)
Essay on the journey of representing yourself in court.  Date & publication unknown.

1996.00.00.Adverse Secondary Effects.Essay from LRM.pdf(< 0.2 MB)
~1996 essay on the issue of adverse secondary effects of public nudity.  Intended to be a thought piece for future legal use.

1996.03.31.Letter to Rainbow Tribe - FL nudity law, color of law etc.Letter.Frandsen->Rainbow.pdf (1.1 MB)
Letter regarding legal issues raised by misuse of Florida’s state nudity law, §800.03, against Rainbow Tribe people by local law enforcement.  I was wrong about §800.03, Florida Statutes being a sex offender crime, but as a first degree misdemeanor it can still be a problem.

1999.06.26.Rethinking Jurisdiction.Memo.Frandsen.pdf(7.3 MB)
Legal memo about the conundrum of country laws and criminal jurisdiction at the federally managed Canaveral National Seashore, Florida.

1999.07.01.CFN 1st Amendment Case Denied Supreme Court Review.cfn.web.Frandsen.pdf
CFN web post regarding conclusion of State v. Frandsen #1.

2000.06.00.NPS Permit Scheme Ruled Facially Unconstitutional.cfn.web.Frandsen.pdf
Web post on the story of winning against the National Park Service permit scheme in federal court.

2001.02.00.Female Dress and Female Civil Rights (Essay).cfn.web.Frandsen.pdf
Essay on the relevance of topfree rights to substantive civil rights.

Section 7: May It Please the Court: Legal Briefs, Motions & Opinions

2000.05.25.United States v.  Frandsen, 212 F.3d 1231, 2000.C11.0042315 (11th Cir.  2000.05.25).pdf
Final opinion issued by the federal 11th Circuit Court of Appeals on the constitutionality of the National Park Service permit scheme regulating First Amendment activities.  (63 KB)

Section 8: Extra, Extra - History & Miscellaneous

1979.00.00.Free Beaches Sun.California.pdf (20 MB)
First 16 pages of “before there was Clothed With the Sun” address the near-designation of clothing optional beaches in California and the ultimate establishment of the Cahill Policy.  Also an excellent column on how to influence government.

Bibliography I:
Thomas T. Hargrove

    Thomas T. Hargrove, Ph.D. was, in the early 1960s, a pioneer in writing about nudity in early civilizations.  But how much of his stuff should be believed?  In my study of Alexander the Great and the Gymnosophists of India, I never came across the story Hargrove tells.  Likewise, Hargrove quoted a Maya priest named Atahualpa.  Now why should a Mayan priest have the same name as an Inca emperor thousands of miles away?  That seemed odd.  Hargrove claimed as his source Bartolomeo de Las Casas, who wrote many books about the Mayas.  I have not read them, so I asked an expert in that field who belongs to this SIG.  He had never come across the nudity claims Hargrove was making.

    Hargrove was not the first to claim Egyptian pharaoh Aknenaten and Nefertiti as nudists.  A year earlier, the otherwise good scholar, Enrico S. Molnar (writing under one of his many pen names as Henry de Horatev) had looked at reliefs of the royal family with their nude daughters worshiping a sun god.  Not realizing that Egyptian children had always gone nude, he mistakenly concluded that any sun worshiping families must be nudists.  No proof of that claim has ever been found.

    So, should everything Hargrove wrote be dismissed as trash?  Not necessarily.  He seemed to know what he was writing about when he used Latin or Italian sources.  It appears that he was a narrow specialist who let his imagination get carried away when he wandered too far from his areas of expertise.  He did not last long in nudist publications.  I'm not sure why.

"Nudism: Worship With the Mayas."  Sun Era  1.2 (1962).  pp. 17-19.

"The Naked Truth About the Etruscans."  Sun Era  1.3 (1962).  pp. 16-19.

"History's First Nudist Queen." [Nefertiti]  Sun Era  1.4 (March 1963).  pp. 40-43.  Reprinted as "Noble Nudes of the Nile."  Kings and Queens of Nudism: The Majesty of Nudism.  n.p., 1964.  pp. 12-15.

"The Rain Nudists."  [Alexander the Great]  Sun Era 1.5 (May 1963).  pp.  10-13.  Reprinted in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.1 (March 1965).  pp. 86-90.  Reprinted again as "Fertility Rites on the Indus."  Au Naturel 1.2 (Aug.-Oct. 1972).  pp. 30-33.

"The Roman Baths at Capua."  Sun Era  1.6 (July 1963).  pp. 10-13.

"How Nude Can You Get?"  [Giulo Barezzo]  Sun Era 1.7 (Sept. 1963).  pp. 22-25.  Republished in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.3 (Summer 1965).  pp.  24-29.

"The Many Faces of Venus."  Sun Era  1.8 (Nov. 1963).  pp. 54-59.
"The Permissive Psychology of the Polynesians."  [Gauguin]  International Jaybird 3/1.3 (Fall 1966).  pp. 25-27.

Bibliography: George R. Harker

    George Harker, well known professionally as Dr. Leisure, has done a great deal of expert witness testimony in behalf of nude recreation.  If anyone has illusions of making a living at this, Dr. Leisure writes:
    My basic advice regarding those wanting to be an expert witness in this field is don't bother. There is very little demand and much less support. The Naturist Society and the American Association of Nude Recreation seldom put their money where their mouth is.  In general they don't have a clue as to the social dynamics going on with regard to nude beaches and the public's attitude toward same.

    Besides testifying and writing, Dr. Leisure has also published books by others.  His vita includes many articles on wildlife and park management--an important part of his credentials.  This shortened list contains only his naturist activities:


"Nude Bathing, No Controversy," Parks and Recreation, pages 58-61, August 1987.

"Paradox in Paradise," Clothed with the Sun, pages   ,  Summer 1988.

Creation and Management Guide to Public Clothing Optional Beaches and Parks, The American Sunbathing Association 1990. 42 pages.

He Wouldn't Drink The Hemlock: The Firing of Dr. Leisure, Dr. Leisure 1993. 462 pages.

Introduction  to the book: Recreational Nudity and the Law, by Gordon Gill, Dr. Leisure 1995. 198 pages.

The Mostly True life Adventures of Dr. Leisure Vol. II ISBN 1-887471-08-1, Dr. Leisure 1998, 345 pages.


"What is the Value of A Nude Beach?" www.drleisure.com/ValueNudeBeach.html   1999.

"Is It Legal to be Nude on a Nude Beach in Hawaii?" <www.drleisure.com/SupremeHawaii.html>   October 2000

"How to Photograph a Nude Wedding for National TV in Hawaii" <www.drleisure.com/nudephotowed.html>   November 2000


"Trends in Nudity and the Law," Heartland Naturist Gathering, Cherokee Nudist Resort, Tenn.  June 1995.

"Nudism/ Nudity/ Paganism",  CraftWise, Radison Maingate, Kissimmee Fl. February 1996.

"Trends in Nude Recreation," at a CLE national legal symposium "Non Sexual Nudity: Threat or Benign" Florida International University, North Miami Beach, FL  October 9-11, 1998.


Prepared affidavit: Craft v. Hodel (1988) United States District Court, District of Massachusetts. (page 96 Recreational Nudity and the Law) Craft v. Hodel (1988) United States District Court, District of Massachusetts 683 F.Sup. 289 (D.Mass. 1988),

Testified at public administrative hearing regarding State Park Regulations, Hawaii, November 1989. The hearings derived out of Peter Rowley's suit against the State of Hawaii. State v. Rowley (1988) Supreme Court of Hawaii 70 Haw. 135,74 P.2d 1233 (1988),

Testified to the Board of the Department of Land and Natural Resources at Hilo, Hawaii, January 1990.

Gave deposition: The Naturist Society, Inc. and T.A. Wyner v Fillyaw (1990) United States District Court, S.D. Florida, Fort Lauderdale Div. (page 109 Recreational Nudity and the Law) The Naturist Society, Inc., and T.A. Wyner v. Fillyaw (1990) United States District Court, S.D. Florida, Fort Lauderdale Div. 736 F.Supp 1103 (S.D. Fla. 1990) Remanded, 958 F.2d 1515 (11th Cir. 1992) On remand, 858 F.Supp. 1559 (S.D. Fla. 1994)

Testified as expert witness, New York:  People v. David (1989), City of Rochester (New York)  Appellate judge cites testimony of Dr. Harker as basis for overturn of convictions by lower court. (See page 105 in Recreational Nudity and the Law.) People v David (1989) City Court of Rochester (New York) 146 Misc.2d 115, 549 N.Y.S.2d 564 (City Ct. 1989) Rev'd, 152 Misc.2d 66, 585 N.Y.S.2d 149 (County Ct. 1991),

Consultation with National Park Service regarding Playalinda National Seashore May 1, 1995. Frank Catroppa, Regional Office of National Park Service, Atlanta, Georgia.

Not allowed to testify: People v. Davis,  May 21, 1996. Judge Philip Fougerousse, Rockledge, FL., will not hear the expert testimony of any of three expert witnesses brought to Florida to testify on behalf of Davis. Davis was charged with breast exposure in violation of Brevard County ordinance.

Testified as expert witness:   People v. Stillmeyer,  September 26, 1996. Erin Stillmeyer was charged with exposure of her breast on a nude beach under the Brevard County ordinance. Apparently she was asleep on her back on the beach. She was awakened and charged with violation of the county nudity ordinance. Dr. Harker was accepted as an expert by Judge Kenneth Freidland.

Prepared to testify as expert witness: United States of America vs. Leo F. Rodriguez, Citation Number: PO 32076. June 25, 1998 in the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii. Issue was creation of NPS prohibition of nudity and nude sunbathing in Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park.

Bibliography: Naturist Publications by Carl M. Hild, PhD.

Theatrical Play

Who dis Nudist? Or A Case of Robe versus Disrobe.  (Also Who’s This Nudist?) by John T. Beavin & Carl Marshall Hild (1979)--a two-act comedy with music dedicated to Earl and Lucille Hansen, owners of Circle H Ranch.  Only a handful of copies exist, although it is copyrighted.


“Body Acceptance – Gradations on a spectrum of colors.” N, 15.3, (1996) pp. 113-124.

“Nudism with a Social Conscious.” N, 21.3, (2002) pp. 82-87.

“Places and states of mind for healing.” ReVision, 29 (1), (2006) pp. 12-19.

Dissertation  (contains reference to how the human body perceives place, and that direct contact enhances the capacity)
        Hild, C.M. (2007). Engaging Inupiaq values in land management for health through an action research appreciative inquiry process. Dissertation for Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center, San Francisco, CA. http://www.ichs.uaa.alaska.edu/projects/reports/hild.pdf

Editorial Commentary

“In 1987.”  The Bulletin.  March 1979.  p. 2.  (Comments on the Pioneer X space craft with the anatomically correct couple on the greeting plaque).

“The Logo.”  N 9.1 (1989).  p. 5.  (Also in this issue is the p. 14 Science Sees Through Fig Leaves on t-shirts that I conceived for Lee and TNS, based on the Pioneer 10 couple).

“How do we communicate?”  N 9.2 (1989). p. 123.  (With Vicki Hild, recommendations for how to improve items from the “Skinny Dipper Shop” and making N more publically available on newsstands--suggesting a member version and a public information version.

“Forum & Catalyst”  N 9.4 (1989).  p. 118.  (Editorial comments on the N 9.3 issue and encouragement for TNS to use N as a catalyst for change).

“Art Okay, The Body Definitely Not!” N 10.1 (1990) p. 101 (With Vicki Hild--issuing the concept of artists using nude models in public places where there is other statuary).

“Body Acceptance in our Lifetime?”  N 15.3 (1996).  pp. 129-131.  (Issuing challenges to TNS members for ways to make the philosophy more popularly known).

“Nothing Beats Cotton.”  N 21.3 (2002).  p. 17.  (Mention of Robin Baker’s research at a Manchester, UK naturist club on human geomagnetic sensing).

“Seeing Through Fig Leaves.” N 21.4 (2002).  p. 19.  (Mention of the Pioneer X couple).

“Alaska: Not so Nude?”  N 24.3 (2005).  p. 12.  (Comments on the N 24.2 issue).

“Long before…”  N 26.1 (2006).  p.5.  (With Vicki Hild, mention of nude activities of Medieval pilgrims and some recent advertisements about how woman can look nearly naked beneath their clothes and wear a product that covers their nipples so the contour does not appear).

    I wish I had access to Clothed with the Sun volumes 1-8 to be able to check them, as I know there were other letters that I submitted.  Also the old ASA Bulletin had a few as well, but they are long since gone from my collection. Too many moves during the 70s and 80s.

Bibliography: Sully Leopold

"The Hermit Who Lives for His Guests: Freddie Gordon of Tropical Gardens."  Sundial, 13/2.7 (July 1963).  pp. 42-46.

"Letter to the Editor."  Nude Living, 15/2.9 (Feb. 1963).  p. 34.

"Naked and Unashamed."  Modern Sunbathing, 45 (fall 1967).  pp. 10-15.

"The Spartan of Tropical Gardens.  Nudism Today, 19/4.1 (Feb. 1967).  pp. 18-23.

"Tropical Gardens: Love Story with a Happy Ending."  Sunrise [formerly Nudist Holiday], 12 (1968).  pp. 32-44.

"Two Nudist Poets." [Shakespeare & Whitman]  Nude Living, 31/5.2 (Oct. 1965).  pp. 42-44.

"Why are Nudists Defensive?"  Nude Living 11/2.5 (Oct. 1962).  pp. 7-10.  Continued in 12/2.6 (Nov. 1962), pp. 26-31 and 13/2.7 (Dec. 1962), pp. 22-29.  Reprinted entire in Nudist Adventure 1 (Dec. 1964).  pp. 5-41.

Bibliography: Major Naturist Articles by Paul LeValley

    This seems a good moment to pause and gather up the scattered articles that have been published across four continents.  I didn't realize there were over 200 of them.

    Books and booklets

Art Follows Nature: A Worldwide History of the Nude.  Berkeley: Edition One Books, 2016.  [572 pages].  Table of contents and sample pages at www.paullevalley.com.

Naturists: Upholders of Strong Family Values.  Tallahassee: Tallahassee Naturally, 1997.  2nd ed. 2001.  3rd ed. 2007.  4th ed. 2017.  [A Naturist Education Foundation project].

The Orfalinda Trilogy and Other Early Writings.  Baltimore: PublishAmerica, 2004; hardbound limited edition 2009.

Seekers of the Naked Truth: Collected Writings on the Gymnosophists and Related Shramana Religions.  New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 2018.  [478 pages].

    Art Follows Nature series
    (in book chapter order)

"Hail and Farewell."  Naturally, no. 66 (Spring 2008), pp 46-50.


"Self-Confidence in Middle-Kingdom Egypt."  Naturally, no. 5 (Winter/Spring 1992).  pp. 26-28.

"Status, Gender, and the Body in Later Egypt."  Naturally, no. 41 (Winter 2001/02).  pp. 14-17.


"The Gymnosophists."  Naturally, no. 17 (Fall 1995).  pp. 10-13.

"Gymnosophy in Europe and the Middle East."  Travel Naturally, no. 53 (Winter 2004-05).  pp. 38-41.

"The Jains: Keeping Your Mind Clear By Keeping Your Body Free."  Naturally, no. 36 (Fall 2000).  pp. 12-15.

"Ajivikas and Buddhists."  Naturally, no. 24 (Fall 1997).  pp. 15-18. 

"Physical and Spiritual Love."  Naturally, no. 28 (Fall 1998).  pp. 12-16.

"Hindu Gods in Their Natural Manifestations."  Travel Naturally, no. 46 (Spring 2003).  pp. 42-45.

"How Do You Dress for a Muslim Invasion? Or, The End of Bare-Breastedness in India."  Naturally, no. 2 (Spring 1991).  pp. 10-13.


"China, Japan, and the Tradition That Barely Was."  Naturally, no. 22 (Winter/Spring 1997).  pp. 12-15.


"Interrupted Beginnings: Crete and the Etruscans."  Naturally, no. 40 (Fall 2001).  pp. 12-14.

"Myth, Man, and Nature."  Naturally, no. 21 (Fall 1996).  pp. 11-14.

"The Riddle of the Sphinx."  Travel Naturally, no. 56 (Fall 2005).  pp. 34-36.

"Sow Naked, Plow Naked, Reap Naked."  Travel Naturally, no. 60 (Fall 2006).  pp. 38-41.

"The Real Olympics: Education for Godlike Display."  Naturally, no. 6 (Summer 1992).  pp. 11-13.

"Greek Athletics and the Arts."  Naturally, no. 20 (Summer 1996).  pp. 11-14.

"Athletics and Ascetics: Parallel Nude Traditions of Greece and India."  Travel Naturally, no. 51 (Summer 2004), pp. 42-45.

"Daughters of Aphrodite."  Naturally, no. 29 (Winter 1998/99).  pp. 11-14.

"How Cupid Shrank and Grew and Shrank Again."  Naturally, no. 8 (Winter 1992/93).  pp. 14-16.

"Another Look at Cupid."  Travel Naturally, no. 52 (Fall 2004).  pp. 38-41.

"What Happens When Caesar Becomes a God?  Religion and Nudity in Ancient Rome."  Naturally, no. 10 (Summer/Fall 1993).  pp. 9-12.

    Middle East

"The Illustrated Bible, Part I."  Naturally, no. 33 (Winter 1999/2000).  pp. 14-18.

"The Illustrated Bible, Part II."  Naturally, no. 34 (Spring 2000).  pp. 14-17.

"How Early Christians Dealt With the Naked Christ."  Naturally, no. 18 (Winter 1995/96).  pp. 14-17.

"Women of Late Antiquity."  Travel Naturally, no. 58 (Spring 2006).  pp. 34-37.

"The Middle-Eastern Nude."  Naturally, no. 43 (Summer 2002).  pp. 10-13.

"East of the Imagination."  Naturally, no. 38 (Spring 2001).  pp. 11-15.
    Pacific Islands

"Paradise Unrecognized."  Travel Naturally, no. 48 (Fall 2003).  pp. 38-41.

    American Indians

"The Amazon: Where People Unlearned Clothing."  Naturally, no. 76 (Fall 2010).  pp. 41-44.

"Ancient Mexican Heritage."  Naturally, no. 14 (Fall 1994).  pp. 10-13.

"The Mexican Muralistas."  Naturally, no. 35 (Summer 2000).  pp. 11-14.

"American Indian (lack of) Costume."  Clothed with the Sun 7.4 (Spring 1988).  pp. 33-35.

"The Noble Savage."  Naturally, no. 16 (Summer 1995).  pp. 13-16.


"Africa: The Continuing Tradition."  Naturally, no. 9 (Spring 1993).  pp. 12-15.

"The Nude as Anti-Slavery Symbol."  The Event, no. 34 (Summer 1990).  pp. 17-19.


"Descendants of Lady Godiva."  Naturally, no 22 (Winter/Spring 1997).  pp. 26-29.

"The Medieval Analysis of Nudity."  Travel Naturally, no. 55 (Summer 2005).  pp. 38-41.

"The Eternal Nude."  Naturally, no. 12 (Spring 1994).  pp. 10-13.


"The Chicken Keeper's Son: Trend Setter for the Early Renaissance."  Naturally, no. 30 (Spring 1999).  pp. 11-14.

"Because It Is Honest: The Renaissance Nude."  Naturally, no. 11 (Winter 1993/94).  pp. 10-12.

"David: Young Representative of Many Ages."  Naturally, no. 15 (Winter/Spring 1995).  pp. 10-13.

"Point of View."  Naturally, no. 42 (Spring 2002).  pp. 10-13.


"The Baroque Agony."  Travel Naturally, no. 57 (Winter 2005/06).  pp. 36-39.

"Running Wild--Diana to Mowgli."  Naturally, no. 37 (Winter 2000/01).  pp. 11-14.

"Garden-Variety Sculptures."  Naturally, no. 3 (Summer 1991).  pp. 16-18.


"Let Us Now Praise Distinguished Men."  Naturally, no. 26 (Spring 1998).  pp. 11-14.

"Nudes in All Directions."  Travel Naturally, no. 59 (Summer 2006).  pp. 40-43.

"The Academic Tradition."  Naturally, no. 31 (Summer 1999).  pp. 12-15.

"A Modest History of the Fig Leaf."  Travel Naturally, no. 47 (Summer 2003).  pp. 36-40.

"The Difference Between Night and Day."  Naturally, no. 27 (Summer 1998).  pp. 12-15.

    Nineteenth Century

"The Many French Revolutions."  Naturally, no. 39 (Summer 2001).  pp. 11-15.

"Discovery of the Boy in Nineteenth-Century Sculpture.  The Event, no. 33 (Spring 1990).  pp. 23-25.

"The Neapolitan Fisherboy Tradition."  Naturally, no. 4 (Fall 1991).  pp. 12-14.

"All-American Boyhood."  Naturally, no. 25 (Winter 1997/98).  pp. 11-13.

"The Swimming Hole: From Camera to Canvas."  Naturally, no. 1 (Fall/Winter 1990/91).  pp. 10-13.

"The Art of Swimming."  Travel Naturally, no. 49 (Winter 2003/04).  pp. 40-43.

    20th Century

"Industrial-Strength Nudes."  Naturally, no. 19 (Spring 1996).  pp. 10-13.

"To Shock the Bourgeoisie."  Travel Naturally, no. 54 (Spring 2005).  pp. 42-45.

"Fidus, the First Nudist Artist."  Travel Naturally, no. 50 (Spring 2004).  pp. 38-41.

"A Missing Chapter: Nazis and Nudes."  Naturally, no. 73 (Winter 2009).  pp. 39-42.

"Figure Sculpture--American Women to the Rescue."  Naturally, no. 7 (Fall 1992).  pp. 12-15.

"From Girl to Woman."  Naturally, no. 44 (Fall 2002).  pp. 10-13.

"By Way of Illustration: A Century of Seaside Innocence."  Naturally, no. 13 (Summer 1994).  pp. 10-13.

"The Art of Choice."  Naturally, no. 82 (Spring 2012).  pp. 30-32.


"Free as a Bird."  Travel Naturally, no. 45 (Winter 2002/03).  pp. 10-14.

"Art Through the Millennia, or Nudes Forever."  Naturally, no. 32 (Fall 99).  pp. 12-15.


"Supplement 1: The Exotic." Travel Naturally, no. 61 (Winter 2006/07).  pp. 36-39.

"Supplement 2: Traditional Roots."  Naturally, no. 62 (Spring 2007).  pp. 38-41.

"Supplement 3:  Medieval through Enlightenment."  Naturally, no. 63 (Summer 2007).  pp. 46-49.

"Supplement 4:  More Joys of Boyhood."  Naturally, no. 64 (Fall 2007).  pp. 48-51.

"Supplement 5:  Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries."  Naturally, no. 65  (Winter 2007/08).  pp. 46-49.

"Supplement 6:  New Discoveries."  Naturally, no. 71 (Summer 2009).  pp. 28-31.

    Book Reviews

Alessandro Bertolotti.  Books of Nudes.  Translated from the French by Liz Nash.  New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2007.  Reviewed in Naturally, no. 67.

Monica Bohm-Duchen.  The Nude.  Themes in Art Series.  London: Scala Books, 1992.  Reviewed in Naturally, no. 9 (Spring 1993).  p. 34.

Philip Carr-Gomm.  A Brief History of Nakedness.  London: Reaktion Books, 2010.  Reviewed in Naturally, no. 76 (Fall 2010).  p. 56.

The Dictionary of Art, 34 vols.  ed. Jane Shoaf Turner.  London: Macmillan Publishers, 1996.  Reviewed in Naturally, no. 23 (Summer 1997). p. 43.

Bram Dijkstra.  Naked: The Nude in America.  New York: Rizzoli, 2010.  Reviewed in Naturally, no. 79 (Summer 2011).  p. 53.

Will Forest.  Co-ed Naked Philosophy.  Lexington: no publisher listed, 2011.  Reviewed in Naturally, no. 82 (Spring 2012), p. 46.

James Gilligan.  Violence: Our Deadly Epidemic and Its Causes.  New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1996.  Reviewed in Nude & Natural 18.4.  pp. 8-9.

Richard Leppert.  The Nude: The Cultural Rhetoric of the Body in the Art of Western Modernity.  Boulder: Westview Press, 2007.  318 p.  Reviewed in Naturally, no. 67.

M. Millswan.  Living in the State of Dreams.  New York: Blue Moon Books, 2007.  Reviewed in the Professors & Researchers SIG Newsletter, no. 38 (November 2010).

Naked in Nature: Great Skinny-Dipping Moments in Art and Literature.  ed. Robert Ellis Smith.  2006.  Color printout.  Reviewed in the Professors and Researchers SIG Newsletter, no. 20 (May 2006).

Linda Nochlin.  Bathers, Bodies, Beauty: The Visceral Eye.  Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.  342 pages.  Reviewed in Naturally, no. 62 (Spring 2007).  p. 56-57.  Reprinted in no. 66 (Spring 2008).  pp. 56-57.

Tony Perrottet.  The Naked Olympics.  New York: Random House, 2004.  Reviewed in Travel Naturally, no. 56 (Fall 2005)  p. 60.  Also mentioned briefly:
        Norman Gardner.  Athletics of the Ancient World.
        Rachel Sargent Robinson,  Sources for the History of Greek Athletics in English Translation.
        Finley and Pleket,  The Olympic Games: The First Thousand Years
        Nicolaos Yalouris et. al.  The Eternal Olympics: The Art and History of Sport.

Abigail Solomon-Godeau.  Male Trouble: A Crisis in Representation.  London: Thames and Hudson.  1997.  Reviewed in Naturally, no. 26 (Spring 1998), pp. 47-48.

Leo Steinberg.  The Sexuality of Christ in Renaissance Art and in Modern Oblivion, second expanded edition.  Chicago:  University of Chicago Press, 1996.  Reviewed in Nude & Natural 17.3 (March 1998).  pp. 58-60.  Also included are thumbnail sketches of:
        Paul Bowman.  Nakedness and the Bible.
        Wilhelm Fraenger.  Hieronymous Bosch.
        Margaret Miles.  Carnal Knowing.
        Enrico S. Molnar.  The Adamites of Bohemia.
        Jonathan Z. Smith.  Map Is Not Territory.
        George Woodcock and Ivan Avakumovic.  The Doukhobors.

[Geoff Tortuga].  Nudist East Asia Travel.  La Jolla, CA: Tahanga Research Association, 1992.  Reviewed in Naturally, no. 7 (Fall 1992).  p. 30.

    Film editing

College Greek Athletic Meet.  Tallahassee Naturally, 2012.  revised version 2017.

    Gymnosophists, Jains, etc.

"Athletics and Ascetics: Different Yet Similar Traditions."  Gommatavani  [international journal of Jain scholarship] vol. 1, no. 5 (May 1986).  pp. 10-11.

"Jain Heirs: Or, The Real Gymnosophists, Their Thoughts, Their Legacy."  Clothed with the Sun, vol. 6, no. 4 (Winter 1986-87).  pp. 71-74.

The Gymnosophist Legacy in India 326 B.C.-1604 A.D.  diss. Florida State University, 1987.  See Dissertation Abstracts International, vol. 48, no. 7 (Jan.1988), p.1862-A.

"New Evidence of Mauryan Presence at Shravana Belgola."  Gommatavani, vol. 2, no. 7 (Sept. 1987).  pp. 5-6.

"Sañjaya, Co-founder of Jain Philosophy?"  Gommatavani, vol. 3, no. 8 (Oct.-Nov. 1988).  pp. 2-3.  [Lead article].

"Some Background on Hindu Nude Worship."  Nude & Natural, vol. 11, no. 4 (Aug. 1992).  pp. 37-39.  Also edited the entire section, "The range of Hindu Nudity, Three Perspectives," pp. 36-47.

"What Did the Gymnosophists Believe?"  Yavanika, Journal of the Indian Society for Greek and Roman Studies, no. 2 (1992).  pp. 61-84.

"Greek Influence on Indian Sculptures as Early as Alexander's Campaign."  Yavanika, Indo-Hellenic Studies, No. 6--1996 (2000).  pp. 3-27.  [Lead article].

"Naked Ascetics: Some Observations on the Sramana Religious Spectrum."  Sophia, vol. 39, no. 2 (Oct.-Nov. 2000), pp. 143-158.

"Common Ground: Greek Athletics among Indian Ascetics."  Yavanika: Indo-Hellenic Studies, no. 10--2000 (2006).  pp. 33-60.

"Gymnosophy, Past, Present, and Future."  Udayana: New Horizons in History, Classics and Inter-cultural Studies.  ed. Atul Kumar Sinha and Abhay Kumar Singh.  New Delhi: Anamika Publishers & Distributers, 2007.  pp. 110-114.

"Jewish and Islamic Tales of the Gymnosophists."  Yavanika: Indo-Hellenic Studies, no. 13 (2010).  pp. 72-84.

See also the India articles in the Art Follows Nature series above.


"Social Class in American Naturism."  Naturally, no. 12 (Spr.1994).  pp. 21-23.  Reprinted in The Orfalinda Trilogy and Other Early Writings.

"Nude Art Through History."  Beach Buzz, vol. 2, no. 5 (Nov.-Dec. 2001).  pp. 1-3.

"My Adventure as an Art Collector."  Travel Naturally, no. 44 (Fall 2002).  p. 13.

"Attracting Students--Six Suggestions.  Nude & Natural 23.3 (Spring 2004).  p. 91.

Naturist Peace Flier.  2002.

The Orfalinda Trilogy and Other Early Writings.  Baltimore: PublishAmerica, 2004; revised hardbound edition 2009.

"Not So Fast..."  The FANR Quarterly.  March 2006.  p. 2.

"Professors & Researchers SIG Goes Online."  Nude & Natural 28.2 (Dec. 2008).  p. 83.

"Tribute to Leonite Moore."  The Bulletin, June 2011.  p. 6.

"Professors & Researchers SIG Moves Its Website."  Nude & Natural 32.2 (Winter 2012).  p. 60.

"An Inclusive Name Change."  The Bulletin, December 2013.  p. 6.

"Hold onto Our Teens, and Bring on the Students."  The Bulletin, July 2015.  p. 27.

"Nude Swimming in School."  Nude & Natural, 37.1 (Fall 2017).  pp. 19-25.  [posted with additional schools on the SIG web site]

    Movie Reviews

"Nudist-Friendly Movies You Can Watch with Your Children."  The Bulletin, February 2014.  p. 15.

"Nude Swimming in School."  The Bulletin, May 2014.  p. 13.

"Two Classic Movies by Zeffirelli."  The Bulletin, July 2014.  p. 23.

"Treating Boys and Girls with Equal Respect."  The Bulletin, September 2014.  p. 11.

"I Met a Man Who Wasn't There: Invisibility in the Movies."  The Bulletin, December 2014.  p. 10.

"Stranded on a Deserted Island."  The Bulletin, March 2015.  p. 14.

"What Is Human Nature?"  The Bulletin, May 2015.  p. 28.

"Beach Boys."  The Bulletin, July 2015.  p. 26.

"Boys Will Be Boys."  The Bulletin, Nov. 2015.  p. 30.

"Girls Will Be Girls."  The Bulletin, Jan. 2016.  p. 14.

"Defective Detectives."  The Bulletin, Mar. 2016.  p. 22.

"Turning Nude Stereotypes Upside-Down."  The Bulletin, May 2016.  p. 14.

"Three Great Native American Films."  The Bulletin, July 2016.  p. 19.

"Growing Up Too Fast."  The Bulletin, Sept. 2016.  p. 24.

"The Tarzan Movies."  The Bulletin, Oct. 2016.  p. 28.

"The Female Versions of Tarzan."  The Bulletin, Dec. 2016.  p. 24.

"Art Films, Artists, and Models."  The Bulletin, Jan. 2017.  p. 14.

"Home Sweet Home."  The Bulletin, Feb. 2017.  p. 14.

"Good Irish Movies (with Some French Roots)."  The Bulletin, Mar. 2017.  p. 14.

"Adam and Eve."  The Bulletin, Apr. 2017.  p. 14.

"Freedom from Religion."  The Bulletin, May 2017.  p. 14.

"Learning About Columbus."  The Bulletin, June 2017.  p. 14.

"Loose Lips Sink Ships."  The Bulletin, July 2017.  p. 14.

"Some American Indian Curiosities."  The Bulletin, Aug. 2017.  p. 14.

"Princes and Princesses."  The Bulletin, Sept. 2017.  p. 14.

"Movies for Halloween."  The Bulletin, Oct. 2017.  p. 10.

"Star-Crossed Lovers."  The Bulletin, Nov. 2017.  p. 31.

"Survival in the Wilderness."  The Bulletin, Dec. 2017.  p. 31.

"Moving Back and Forth in Time."  The Bulletin, Jan. 2018.  p. 32.

"Timeless Stories from Ancient Greece."  The Bulletin, Feb. 2018.  p. 34.

"Tales from the Islands."  The Bulletin, Mar. 2018.  p. 34.

"Movies with Islamic-Inspired Nudes."  The Bulletin, Apr. 2018.  p. 33.

"By the Sea, By the Beautiful Sea."  The Bulletin, May 2018.  p. 35.

    Political Activism

"Florida: The 1994 Legislative Experience."  Nude & Natural 13.4 (May 1994).  pp. 76-86.

(With Skootch Pankonin).  The Lawmaker's Guide to Skinny-Dipping Issues.  Washington: Naturist Education Foundation, 1995.

"Vote Carefully."  The Bulletin, July 1996.  p. 3.

Naturists: Upholders of Strong Family Values.  Tallahassee: Tallahassee Naturally, 1997.  2nd ed. 2001.  3rd ed. 2007.  4th ed. 2017.  [A Naturist Education Foundation project].

"The Nature of Fundamentalism, the Fundamentals of Naturism: Parallels and Divergences."  Nude & Natural, vol. 18, no. 3 (March 1999).  pp. 85-91.  [Keynote address at the 1998 Midwinter Naturist Gathering].  Reprinted in The Orfalinda Trilogy and Other Early Writings.

"Candidates Visit Tallahassee Bare-Devils."  The Bulletin, Oct. 2000.

How Naturists Evaluate & Elect Good Political Candidates.  [Brochure]  Tallahassee: Tallahassee Naturally, 2002.

"The Infamous Black Notebook and the Weldon Amendment."  Nude & Natural 29.2 (Winter 2009).  pp. 81-83.

"Florida Republicans, Beware."  The Bulletin, July 2012.  p. 4.

    Tallahassee Naturally

"Suntan Lake: A Place Where a Woman Can Feel Free and Safe at the Same Time."  [Brochure]  Watered down version at www.tallahasseenaturally.org/women.html.

"Five Years of Memories."  Bare and Free, vol. 3, no. 4 (Sept. 1991).  Updated 1996. 2001, 2006.  www.tallahasseenaturally.org/newsletters18_4.html.

“Bare-Devils Practice Traditional Naturism.”  FANR Quarterly, May 1993.  p. 4.

"Around the Year on the Nature Trail."  Bare and Free, vol. 5, no. 3 (June 1993).  Reprinted 1996, 2001.  www.tallahasseenaturally.org/nature_trail.html.

"1,603 Years Later: Restoring the Tradition."  Naturally, Summer, 1996.  p. 14.

"Tallahassee Bare-Devils Host Nude Olympics."  The Bulletin, June 1996.  p. 20.

"A Naturist Olympics."  Nude & Natural 16.1 (Aug. 1996).  p. 6.

"Tallahassee's Bare-Devils Celebrate Ten Years."  The Bulletin, Nov. 1996.  p. 27   

"Tallahassee's Bare-Devils: Ten Years of Experience."  Nude & Natural, May 1997.  pp. 88-92.

"Athletes Shine in Greek Games."  The Bulletin, May 1997.

"Florida Club Sponsors College Greek Athletic Meet."  The Bulletin, June 1998.  p. 21.

"Greek Olympics: Local Athletes Support the Games."  The Bulletin, June 2001.  p. 19.

"Why I Became a Naturist."  Bare and Free, vol. 15, no. 4 (June 2003).  www.tallahasseenaturally.org/newsletters/18_4.html.  Reprinted in The Orfalinda Trilogy and Other Early Writings.

"9th Annual College Greek Athletic Meet."  Naturally, no. 50 (Spring 2004).  p. 60.

"Victory Wreath Goes to Five-Time Winner."  The Bulletin, May, 2005.

"Trouble at Florida State University."  Professors & Researchers SIG Newsletter, no. 18 (Feb. 2006).  pp. 2-5.

"Youth Greek Olympics."  The Bulletin.  March 2006.  p. 26.

"Tallahassee Naturally Celebrates 20-Year Anniversary."  The Bulletin, Jan. 2007.  p. 22.

"From Tallahassee Bare-Devils to Tallahassee Naturally: Twenty Years of a Naturist Club."  Nude & Natural 26.4 (June 2007).  pp. 57-59.

"Tallahassee Naturally Comes of Age."  Nude & Natural 27.1 (Sept. 2007).  pp. 75-79.

"Sinkhole Status Report."  www.tallahasseenaturally.org/sinkhole.html.  2007.

“Call for College Athletes.”  The Bulletin.  March 2008.  p. 15.

“Naturally FSU Recognized by College.”  The Bulletin, March 2010.  p. 1 & 12.

“Florida State University Has Recognized Naturally FSU as an Official Student Nudist Organization.”  Naturally, Spring 2010.  p. 56.

Letter to the Editor.  Nude & Natural 29.3 (Spring 2010).  pp. 7-8.  [Naturally FSU and Greek Athletics]

Naturally FSU brochure, 2011.

"Tallahassee Naturally: A Quarter Century of Leadership."  The Bulletin, Sept. 2011.  p. 10.

"College Greek Athletic Meet Paired with 5K Run."  The Bulletin, March 2012.  p. 13.

"Groups and Resorts."  [Letter to the editor]  Nude & Natural 31.3 (Spring 2012).  p. 11.

"Tallahassee Naturally Endures for 25 Years."  Nude & Natural 31.3 (Spring 2012).  pp. 35-36.

"The Nude Athletic Tradition Continues."  The Bulletin, July 2012.  p. 6.

"Jacques LeMoyne, Tallahassee Naturally."  Leon County, Florida Heritage Book.  Tallahassee: Southern Yellow Pine Publishing, 2012.  p. 55.

"College Greek Athletic Event."  The Bulletin, March 2013.  p. 17.

"Greek Athletic Meet."  The Bulletin, March 2014.  p. 18.

"Club of the Month: Tallahassee Naturally."  e-FROG, March 2014.

"Tallahassee Naturally Active With Students."  The Bulletin, April 2014.  p. 19.

"Naturally Trynudethon."  The Bulletin, September 2014.  p. 23.

"College Greek Athletic Meet Turns 20."  The Bulletin, March 2015.  p. 24.

"Trynudethon and Trynudethon-Lite in North Florida."  The Bulletin, September 2015.  p. 30.

"Let the Games Begin!"  The Undressed Press, September 22, 2015.

"College Greek Athletic Meet."  The Bulletin, March 2016.  p. 28.

"A Nude Challenge Like No Other."  The Bulletin, Sept. 2016.  p. 28.

"Tallahassee Naturally Celebrates 30th Anniversary."  South Florida Free Beaches, Oct. 2016.

"Tallahassee Naturally Celebrates 30 Years.  The Bulletin, Dec. 2016.  p. 32.

"Tallahassee Naturally Turns 30."  Nude & Natural, 36.2 (March 2017).  pp. 36-37.

"Calling All College Athletes."  The Bulletin, March 2017.  p. 32.

"Club News."  The Bulletin, July 2017.  p. 35.

    Youth Camps

"Camping Possibilities for Florida Youth"  The Bulletin, Dec. 1991.  p. 14.

Family Information booklet, 1993 (never implemented).  Reprinted in Professors & Researchers SIG Newsletter #9.

Proficiency Requirements booklet, 1993 (never implemented).  Reprinted in Professors & Researchers SIG Newsletter #12.

"Local Kids' Camp Builds Enthusiasm."  The Bulletin, Oct. 1996.

"Naturist Youth Opportunities in Florida."  [Flier]  1997.  www.tallahasseenaturally.org/youth_opp.html.

"Naturist Youth Camps in America: A History."  Naturally, no. 23 (Summer 1997).  pp. 10-13.  Updated as "Nude Youth Camps in America: A History."  Nude & Natural, 36.3 (Spring 2017).  pp. 11-18.

"Announcing Camp Tallasun This Summer."  Nude & Natural 16.4 (Summer 1997).  p. 93.

"How to Plan a Naturist Youth Camp."  Report mailed to all AANR regional youth chairmen, 1998.  Reprinted in Professors & Researchers SIG Newsletter #9.

"Some Perspective on Naturist Youth Camps."  Beach Buzz, September 2003.  p. 18.

Professors and Researchers SIG Newsletter #9: Youth Camp Special Edition, August 2003.  [This and Professors and Researchers SIG Newsletter #12: Youth Camp Supplement, May 2004, were bound together and published as The 2003 AANR Youth Camp Controversy.  Tallahassee: Professors & Researchers SIG, 2004.  Professors and Researchers SIG Newsletter #28: Youth Camp Concluding Supplement, February 2008, completed the set of documents.]

“Pink Pajamas.”  The Orfalinda Trilogy and Other Early Writings.  Baltimore: Publish America, 2004.  Available online.

"AANR Youth Camps 25 Years Old."  The Bulletin, July 2017.  pp. 18-19.

The Many Pen Names of Enrico S. Molnar
--Cec Cinder and Paul LeValley

    This report results from joint detective work a few years ago by Cec Cinder and me.  Cec did 95% of the work, and I contributed about 5%.  (I like those proportions.)  Some years later, I found several more articles at the ANRL.

    When I began researching the Gymnosophists, or naked philosophers of ancient India, I went to the American Nudist Research Library to see what naturist authors may have already written about holy nudity in India.  Not much.  But I did keep running across one author's name: Henry DeHoratev.  He wrote about the Jains and other Indian groups, the Greek Olympics, early Christian heresies, and the Adamites of the early Renaissance.  Then I came upon a short dissertation about the Adamites by an Episcopal priest named Enrico S. Molnar.  The resemblance could not be denied.  Either the good father was a blatant plagiarist, or he and DeHoratev were the same person.

    I wrote to Cec about my discovery.  He had not heard of Molnar, but had just about concluded that DeHoratev and three other writers were the same person.  Now that I have read the other articles, I have to agree.  Back in the 1960s, it was not uncommon for nudist writers (especially nudist ministers) to use pen names.  But four or five of them?  We still don't know if Molnar was his real name, but it stands a better chance than any of the others, because it appeared in a church college context rather than a nudist magazine.  Government records show that Enrico S. Molnar died in 1999.

    This amazing man was almost the lone voice of historical scholarship in the first half-century of American nudist publications.  How has his work stood up?  His articles on ancient India and Greece have been surpassed only in recent years.  Cec and I both suspect that he got a little carried away on early Christian heretics; he detected nudity in places where we can find no clear proof.  But with his knowledge of Slavic languages, his research on the Adamites remains the best available anywhere.

    Cec compiled this bibliography of Molnar's writings under his many pen names.  It is organized first by pen name, then by publication name, then by date.

The Reverend Doctor Enrico S. Molnar
A Bibliography


The Adamites of Bohemia: A Movement of Naturist Dissent within the Matrix of Christian History and Theology.  diss. Bloy Episcopal School of Theology, Claremont, California, 1971.


"Among Nudist Monks in Greece," Eden, no. 5 (1961), pp. 22-23.

"Philosophers' Four Faces of Nudity," Eden, no. 7 (1961), pp. 39-4 1.

"Nudism and the Public Consensus," Eden, no. 9 (1962), pp. 26-30.
 Reprinted in Paradise Quarterly, no. 7 (1964), pp. 26-30.

"Nudity in Sacred Christian Art," Eden, no. 12 (1962), pp. 26-30.

"Lady Godiva's Ride into Fame," Eden, no. 18 (1964), pp. 14-15.

"Early Christian Nudists,"Nude Living, no. 1 (1961), pp. 38-39.  Concluded in Nude Living, no. 2 (1961), pp. 36-37.

"The Sky-clad Nudists of India," Nude Living, no. 3 (1961), pp. 28-30.  Reprinted without pictures in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.3 (Summer 1965).  p. 17.

"The Greeks Had a Word for It--Gymnos, Naked," Nude Living, no. 4 (1961), pp. 20-21.

“The Nude Christ of Ravenna.”  Nude Living, no. 5 (1961).  pp. 94-95.  Reprinted in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.2 (May 1965).  pp. 94-95.

"Krishna--The Nude God of Hinduism," Nude Living, no. 6 (1962), p. 18.

“The Nudist Pharaoh.”  Nude Living no. 9 (1962).  pp. 18-21, 42.  Reprinted in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.3 (Summer 1965).  pp. 50-54.

"The Nude Days of Pompeii," Nude Living, no. 15 (1963), pp. 10-13.  Reprinted in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.2 (May 1965).  pp. 4-5.

"No Baggage Allowed ... Not Even Clothing" [book review on Lucian], Paradise Quarterly, no. 2 (1963), pp. 46-48.


"How I Became a Nudist," Eden, no. 10 (1962), pp. 22-23.

"Michelangelo's Nudist Masterpiece," Eden, no. 12 (1962), pp. 50-5 1.

"Fontana Furor and Fiasco," Eden, no. 12 (1962), pp. 52-56.

"Nudity and the Doctrine of Original Sin," Eden, no. 22 (1965), pp. 27-29.

"Gilbert and Sullivan: In Praise of Nudity," Eden, no. 24 (1965), pp. 22-25.

"Personal Letter," Eden, no. 24 (1965), p. 9.

"Seeing the Unseen," Eden, no. 26 (1967), pp. 7-8.

"Letter to Editor [book review]," Eden, no. 26 (1967), p. 54.

"Two Echoes from Antiquity," Paradise Quarterly, no. 2 (1963), p. 54.

"Nudist Texts," Paradise Quarterly, no. 3 (1963), pp. 52-53.

"Religious Perspectives," Paradise Quarterly, no. 4 (1963), pp. 24-26.

"St.  Clement's Philosophy of Naturalism [with bibl.]," Paradise Quarterly, no. 5 (1964), p. 36.

“Medieval Single Nudes in Anecdotes.”  Paradise Quarterly, no. 12 (Spring 1965).  pp. 20-21.

"Temples, Tombs, Hieroglyphs--and Nudes [book review]," Paradise Quarterly, no. 14 (1966), pp. 46-47.

"Five Possible Ethical Approaches to Nudism." [book review]  Sun and Health, International Edition [Denmark], 317 (Dec. 1966).  pp. 6-11.

"The Philosophy of Clotheslessness of Thomas Carlyle."  Sun and Health, International Edition [Denmark], 318 (Jan. 1967).  pp. 6-11.

"Medieval French 'Naturists.'"  Sun and Health, International Edition [Denmark], 319 (Feb. 1967).  pp. 43-47.


"Beusobre," American Sunbather,  vol. 19, no. 1 (Jan. 1967), p. 38.

"Massacre of Nudists at Carcassonne," Eden, no. 18 (1964), pp. 48-49.

"Bookplates and Nudity" Eden, no. 21 (1965), pp. 32-33.

"The Brethren of the Free Spirit" Eden, no. 22 (1965), pp. 36-39.

"Nudism--Its Myths and Bare Facts," Eden, no. 24 (1965), pp. 28-29.

"Among the Nudists of Southern France," Nude Living, no. 6 (1962), pp. 34-38.

"American and European Nudism: Similarities and Differences," Nude Living, no. 8 (1962), pp. 20-22.

"Masaryk: A President with Nudist Sympathies," Nude Living, no. 13 (1962), pp. 30-3 1.

"Paul Gauguin: The Artist in Search of Paradise," Nude Living, no. 19 (1963), pp. 28-3 1.

"The First Heretic Martyred--Was a Nudist" [Priscillian], Paradise Quarterly, no. 3 (1963), pp. 56-57.

"Two Stimulating Books on Nonconformity and Nudism" [Young/Cohn reviewed], Paradise Quarterly, no. 8 (1964), pp. 52-53.

"The Nude Nicolaitans," Paradise Quarterly, no. 9 (1965), pp. 32-33.

"Worlds Apart--Yet Nude: The Ajivikas of India," Paradise Quarterly, no. 10 (1965), pp. 36-37.

“Simon Rodriguez: Latin American Patriot and Nudist.”  Paradise Quarterly, no. 12 (Spring 1965).  pp. 46-47.

"Pop Art--Take it Away," Paradise Quarterly, no. 14 (1966), pp. 44-45.


“A Quick Survey of Ceremonial Nudity Throughout the World.”  Arcadia, 1. (1964).  p. 30.

"Is Nudism Sinful?" Eden, no. 7 (1961), pp. 16-19.

"Of Book Burning and Mail Censoring," Eden, no. 8 (1961), pp. 22-27.

"The Inquisition of Literature, Nude Living, no. 15 (1963), pp. 26-28.

“The Nude: A Study in Ideal form by an ideal Scholar.  Nudist Encore 1.6.  pp. 7-13.

"Robert Graves and Nudism," Paradise Quarterly, no. 4 (1963), p. 37.

"The Turlupins of France," Paradise Quarterly, no. 6 (1964), p. 37.

"Evidences of Early Christian and Medieval Nudism," Paradise Quarterly, no. 7 (1964), pp. 32-33.

“Saint Francis Began His Career as a Nudist.”  Utopia 1 (1964).  pp. 24-25.

More Information on Enrico S. Molnar, 1913-1999

    From about 1958 to about 1972, Enrico S. Molnar served as dean of Bloy Episcopal Seminary in Claremont, California.  He had already published three books on the Reformation in Bohemia.  From 1961 through 1967, he wrote dozens of articles in nudist magazines--all dealing with historical nudity, from the Greeks, to the Jains of India, to early Gnostics, to the Adamites.  But, like several other nudist writers of the time, he wrote under four pen names: Dr. Henry DeHoratev, Rev. Harry Dretheus, Dr. Henry LaTour, and Dr. Henry Selley (or Shelley).  Never before had serious historical research appeared in American nudist magazines.  Then in 1971, he wrote his dissertation on the Adamites of Bohemia--a study that remains unsurpassed forty years later.

    That was the last nudists ever heard of him.  Had he died?  No one knew.  Now a magazine article from an unknown source and unknown date has appeared on the Internet.  The title: "A New Order of Agapé According to St. Michael."  The author: Enrico S. Molnar.  He explained that late in 1971, he underwent a visionary experience that prompted him to give up his position, and create a new religious order for men and women, called the Order of Agapé and Reconciliation.  (Agapé is the Greek word for spiritual love.)  Internet searches do not make clear whether the order still exists.  At the time of his article, it was headquartered in the privately owned ghost town of Dunmovin, CA.  But the place did not live up to its name, and he later relocated the group to New Mexico.  There seem to have been local branches elsewhere.

    He began the article with some of his personal history:

    I am a priest of the Episcopal Church.  The last 14 years I was warden (which is an old Anglican name for the office of dean) of the Bloy Episcopal School of Theology in Claremont, Calif.  In addition to administrative duties I taught liturgies, comparative religions, ecumenical theology and as a visiting professor at the Claremont School of Theology, the Reformation in Slavic Countries.  In addition, I served my bishop as canon theologian in the diocese of Los Angeles.  On the national level I served the Episcopal Church as a member of the Joint Commission on Ecumenical Relations for six years, meeting with Orthodox and Roman Catholic theologians.  In January 1972, I was elected vice president of the Council of Churches in Southern California.

    Lest anyone think that I am saying all this to boast let me hasten to add that the above paragraph is simply to provide a frame of reference, to indicate that I have been an ordinary clergyman, fairly successful and that with this kind of background, like most seminary professors, I was somewhat critical of charismatic phenomena and paranormal manifestations.  I thoroughly enjoyed my work, wrote articles for theological journals, attended conferences in Oxford, Lisbon, Washington and so on.  In the 1950s I contributed an essay to the late Bishop James Pike's symposium, Modern Canterbury Pilgrims.  That was before Bishop Pike's interest in parapsychological phenomena.

    Now all this pursuit of a normal ecclesiastical career with tenure, seniority and fringe benefits has come to a sudden end.  During the last days of September 1971, I had a series of three visions.  As a result I resigned as warden of the school, gave up a good salary and although the trustees tried to persuade me to stay on, I have ventured into an entirely new kind of life.  If anyone had suggested to me, before that fatal September, that I do what I now am engaged in doing I would have told him, politely but firmly, to go jump in the lake.

Bibliography: Dan Oakley

This is a pen name.  For the author's true identity, click here.

Naked Notes series

“A Nudist Among the Briars.”  The Nudist, 1936.10.  p. 12.

“Snakes and Ice-Worms.”  The Nudist, 1937.2.  pp. 19-20.

“With Our Amateur Nudists.”  The Nudist, 1937.5.  pp. 24-25.

(no subtitle)  The Nudist, 1939.10.  pp. 19-20.

“Clowns in a Pleasure Parade.”  The Nudist, 1940.2.  pp. 22-23.

“Nimble Neophytes.”  The Nudist, 1940.4.  pp. 19-20.

“Fans and Fans.”  The Nudist, 1940.5.  pp. 23-24.

“Bath Robe Blues.”  The Nudist, 1940.10.  p. 22.

“My Crack at Pseudo-Nudists.”  The Nudist, 1940.12.  p. 22.

“Papa Prudery Goes a-Spanking.”  Sunshine & Health, 1941.1.  pp. 22, 31.

“Echoes of a Spanking.”  Sunshine & Health,  1941.8.  p. 21.

“Odds and Ends.”  Sunshine & Health, 1942.5.  p. 19, 32.

“Satan and Sartorial Sadists.”  Sunshine & Health, 1943.9.  p. 23.

“Defense Nudists.”  Sunshine & Health, 1944.2.  pp. 24, 30.

Other articles

"Longing."  The Nudist, 1936.6.  p. 10.

“Confessions of the Old Swimmin’ Hole.”  Sunshine & Health, 1942.8.  pp.  13-14.

“Art for Nudists & Nudism for Art.”  Sunshine & Health, 1948.5.  p. 14.

“Nudists With Built-In Pockets.”  Sunshine & Health, 1949.2.  p. 22.

“The Tell-Tale Marks of a Bathing Suit.”  Sunshine & Health, 1949.4.  pp. 7-8, 32.

“New Springs for Your Step.”  Sunshine & Health, 1950.2.  p 21.

“So You Don’t Like Nudism.”  Sunshine & Health, 1950.4.  p. 7.

“A Summary of Art and Fun at Sunshine Park.”  Sunshine & Health, pp. 16-17.

“The Sun Tells Time.”  Sunshine & Health, 1952.2.  pp. 5, 25

“Friend of a Phobia.”  Sunshine & Health, 1952.5.  pp. 11, 19.

Hopper, Claude (ghosted by Dan Oakley).  “I Am a Crackpot.”  Sunshine & Health, 1952.9.  p 4, 23.

Hopper, Claude (ghosted by Dan Oakley).  “The Skinflinch and Cloth-clutcher.”  Sunshine & Health, 1952.12.  p. 2.

“The Wedding Dance.”  Sunshine & Health, 1953.6.  p. 9.

“Tales of Tails.”  Sunshine & Health, 1958.1.  p. 28.

“A Sculp-A-Day.”  Sunshine & Health, 1958.6.  p. 11.

Bibliography: Theodore Orchards [Stuart Palmer]

    In 1957, in Roth v. United States, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that even pornography came under first amendment protection—if the publication also contained material "of redeeming social importance."  To avoid trouble with the post office, about half of the many editors of American nudist magazines in the 1960s made sure they included one scholarly article in each issue.  Nude art was the favorite topic.  And no late-sixties writer was more prolific on that subject than Theodore Orchards.

    Actually, he was a famous mystery novelist and short story writer named Stuart Palmer.  Many of his novels became movies featuring amateur detective Hildegarde Withers.  Theodore Orchards and Jay Stewart were pen names he used at various times in his career.  Once, his persona Jay Stewart rewrote an article originally published under the name of Theodore Orchards.  He wrote right up until his sudden death in 1968.

General Art History

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Art is a Way of Seeing."  Jaybird Color Spectacular, no. 3 (Oct.-Dec. 1966).  pp. 20-26+.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "The Bathing Beauty in Art & Life."  Sun Era 2.10 (Summer 1966).  pp. 44-46.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "The Beautiful or the Damned." [paintings]  Sun Era 2.9 (Spring 1966).  pp. 1-15.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Evil Is In the Eye of the Beholder."  Flesh Tones, 1.2 (Winter 1965-66).  pp. 6-11.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Erotica: Notable or Noxious?" [art]  Sun Era 2.11 (Fall 1966).  pp. 10-15.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Nudes: A Study in Contrasts."  Nude Image 2.4/8 (Dec. 1965-Feb. 1966).  pp. 42-49.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "The Offbeat Nudes of Mannerism." [many periods]    Flesh Tones, 1.3 (Spring 1966).  pp. 6-13.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Rainbows on their Palettes.  Jaybird Color Spectacular, no. 4.  pp. 12-16.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "The Three Graces."  Nude Image 2.6/10 (July-Sept. 1966).  pp. 14-19.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "The Virile Nude."  Nude Image 2.5/9 (Apr.-June 1966).  pp. 12-18+.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Those Famous Painted Women."  Jaybird Color Spectacular 1.2/2 (July-Sept. 1966).  pp. 12-15.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Wilenski on the Nude in Art."  Film & Figure 7 (Spring 1967).  pp. 72-79.


    Stewart, Jay.  "Pastel Nudes of Pompeii."  International Jaybird 1.2/2 (Summer 1966).  pp. 9-12.  Reprinted with different pictures as "Pompeii: Haven for Ancient Hedonists."  Woman in Art, 2.1 (Jan.-Mar.
1974).  pp. 10-17.


    Orchards, Theodore.  "Durer and the ‘Forbidden Art.'"  Film & Figure 9 (Autumn 1967).  pp. 12-15.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "The Masterful Nudes of Michelangelo.  Classic Line & Form 1.2 (Winter 1967).  pp. 36-43.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Nudes in the Vatican."  Sun Era 2.4 (Mar. 1965).  pp. 10-15.  Reprinted in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.4 (Oct.-Dec. 1965).  pp. 4-9.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Rebellion of the Maniera [Mannerists]."  Film & Figure 11 (Apr.-June 1968).  pp. 66-69.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "The Ten Greatest Nudes in Art."  Continental Nudist 3.3/11 (Spring 1966).  pp. 58-63.


    Orchards, Theodore.  "The Earthy Nudes of Rembrandt."  Flesh Tones, 1.4 (Summer 1966).  pp. 36-41.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Goya, Velasquez, El Greco and the nude."  Sun Era 3.2 (Summer 1967).  pp. 38-43.


    Orchards, Theodore.  "Antonio Canova's Silken Stone."  Continental Nudist 4.1/14 (Oct.-Dec. 1966). pp. 44-49.

19th Century

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Action Nudes of a German Painter" [Stuck]  Nude Image 2.7/11 (Oct.-Dec. 1966).  pp. 13-19.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Demi-Nudes and Demimondaines." [Toulouse-Lautrec]  Continental Nudist 3.2/10 (Winter 1965-66).  pp. 14-17.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "The Figure Painter England Forgot" [William Etty].  Classic Line & Form 1.1 (Fall 1966).  pp. 10-19.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Matisse and the Sensual Figure."  Continental Nudist  4.2/14 (Winter 1967)  pp. 70-75.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Private Life of a Sculptor" [Rodin].  Urban Nudist 3.1/19 (Aug. 1965).  pp. 22-27.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Renoir's Favorite: Gabrielle."  Flesh Tones, 1.1 (Fall 1965).  pp. 24-29.  Reprinted in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.5 (Jan.-Mar. 1966).  pp. 63-69.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "The ‘Sacred' Victorians" [Dore].  Classic Line & Form 2.1 (Fall 1967).  pp. 42-49.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Seurat and His Dappled Nudes."  Nude Image 2.8/12 (Jan.-Mar. 1967).  pp. 32-37.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "The ‘Sun Flower' Nudes of Anders Zorn."  Continental Nudist 4.4/16 (Summer 1967).  pp. 70-74.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "The Symbolic Nudes of Paul Cezanne."  Nude Image 3.2/14 (July-Sept. 1967).  pp. 22-25.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Victorine--The World's Most Hated Nude." [Manet]  Continental Nudist 3.1/9 (Fall 1965).  pp. 34-38.

    Stewart, Jay.  Rediscovery of the Figure Painters." [Seurat]  Film & Figure 5 (Fall 1966).  pp. 26-33.

20th Century

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Bodies by Maillol."  Sun Era 2.8 (Winter 1965).  pp. 8-12, 51.  Reworked as Jay Stewart.  "Maillol's Beloved Nude Model: Dina Vierny."  Film & Figure 4 (Summer 1966).  pp. 31-39.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Chagall: Painter of Fantasy Nudes."  Flesh Tones, 2.1/5 (Fall 1966).  pp. 8-13.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Dali on Surrealism and Flesh."  Flesh Tones, 2.2/7 (Spring 1967).  pp. 50-55.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Gaite Nudes of Paris."  Nude Image 3.1/13 (Apr.-June 1967).  pp. 40-45.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "German Expressionists and the Female Nude."  Sun Era 3.1 (Spring 1967).  pp. 38-43.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Love Song in Stone." [Jose de Creeft]  Film & Figure 7 (Spring 1967).  pp. 4-9.

    Orchards, Theodore.  "Nudes of the Witty Savage." [Dufy]  Film & Figure 13 (Oct.-Dec. 1968).  pp. 66-69.

    Stewart, Jay.  "Naughty Nudes of the Roaring Twenties."  Flesh Tones, 1.3 (Spring 1966).  pp. 51-55.

    Stewart, Jay.  "Picasso's Early Nudes."  Classic Line & Form 1.3 (Spring 1967).  pp. 12-17

Bibliography: Anthony J. Papalas

    Anthony J. Papalas, Ph.D. has taught ancient history at the University of East Carolina since 1970, and written a few books.  Before that, he published half-a-dozen scholarly articles in nudist magazines.

"Caesar & the Roman Nudes."  Nude Image 4.4/16 (Jan.-Mar. 1969).  pp. 10-13.

"Naked Glories of History.  Continental Nudist 5.3/19 (Apr.-June 1968).  pp. 52-55.

"Naked in Antiquity." [Byzantine]  Continental Nudist 5.4/20 (July-Sept. 1968).  pp. 10-13.

"Nude Bathing in Ancient Greece."  Classic Line & Form 3.1 (Oct.-Dec. 1968).  pp. 6-17.

"Nudity in Ancient Greece."  Sol 4.3/15 (Mar.-May 1968).  pp. 34-44.  Reprinted in Nude Living, 13.4/1 (1974).  pp. 4-15.

"Phallic Worship in Ancient Greece.  Ankh, 2.1 (Summer, 1968).  pp. 14-20.

Bibliography: Tom Pine's Movie Reviews

    For 19 years, Tom Pine edited The Naked Truth Newdsletter for people interested in a Christian naturist perspective.  He usually included a movie review.  And for the benefit of newcomers, he recycled some of the old ones three or four times.  Here are the dates of those reviews.

    Be aware that two other sets of naturist movie reviews can be found at:
Paul LeValley's reviews are posted on this site.
Tom covered many early nudist movies not on the other two lists.

Act Naturally.  May 2012.
Age of Consent.  Feb. 2017.
All of Me.  Mar. 2014, Aug. 2017.
Analog Roam.  Sept. 2005, Nov. 2015.
Anarchy TV: The Movie.  Dec. 2003.
Avatar.  May 2010.
Basic Instinct.  Mar. 2003, Sept. 2013.
The Beast that Killed Women.  Sept. 2002, Sept. 2004, Jan. 2018.
Black Snake Moan.  Oct. 2010.
Blaze Starr Goes Nudist.  Dec. 2000.
The Blind Side.  Mar. 2010.
Body Packaging.  Oct. 2004.
Boin-n-g.  July 2001.
The Book of Eli.  Feb. 2010.
The Bounty.  Nov. 2005.
The Bride.  June 2018,
Brother Sun, Sister Moon.  June 2004.
Cap d'Agde, Naked City.  Jan. 2005, Oct. 2012, Jan. 2014, Nov. 2015.
Carried Away.  Oct. 2005, Nov. 2012.
Castaway.  Aug. 2003, May 2013, July 2016, Feb. 2018.
Daughter of the Sun.  Apr. 2001.
Diary of a Nudist.  Mar. 2002, Aug. 2004, Nov. 2018.
Did You Hear About the Morgans?  June 2010.
The Door in the Floor.  Aug. 2008, Oct. 2014.
Educating Julie.  June 2017.
Elysia: Valley of the Nudes.  Oct. 2003, Jan. 2012.
Eyes Wide Shut.  May 2014.
The Emerald Forest.  Oct. 2002, Apr. 2017.
For Members Only.  Dec. 2004.
Forbidden Paradise.  June 2005.
Forgetting Sarah Marshall.  Sept. 2008, Apr. 2014.
Fur.  Aug. 2005, June 2008, Apr. 2019.
Garden of Eden.  Dec. 2001, May 2017.
Gentlemen Prefer Nature Girls.  Apr. 2002.
Girls Come Too.  Feb. 2002, Dec. 2017.
Girls Wet & Wild.  Aug. 2001.
Goldilocks and the Three Bares.  June 2001, July 2004.
Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan.  May 2009.
Haunted.  Dec. 2018.
Have Figure, Will Travel.  Nov. 2004, Sept. 2017.
Hideout in the Sun.  Nov. 2000, May 2008.
I'm All Right, Jack.  Feb. 2004, Mar. 2015.
Jerry Springer: I Refuse to Wear Clothes!  Aug. 2011.
Kama Sutra: A Tale of Love.  Mar. 2013.
The Kinsey Syndrome.  Sept. 2009.
The Last Picture Show.  Jan. 2004, Dec. 2012.
Liane, Jungle Goddess.  July 2013, Jan. 2015.
Lifeforce.  Nov. 2006.
Like WOW!  June 2014, Oct. 2017.
The Lovely Bones.  Apr. 2010.
Lullaby in Bareland.  Feb. 2001, Nov. 2017.
The Man Who Never Had a Girlfriend.  Oct. 2011, Feb. 2014, Nov. 2015.
The Monster of Camp Sunshine.  July 2002, Sept. 2004, Jan. 2018.
My Bare Lady.  Feb. 2005.
Naked as Nature Intended.  June 2000.
The Naked Complex.  Mar. 2005.
Naked Down Under: The New Zealand Experience.  Jan. 2003.
Naked in the 21st Century.  Aug. 2012, Dec. 2013, Nov. 2015.
The Naked Mile [not the American Pie version].  Jan. 2002.
Naked States.  Feb. 2004.
The Naked Venus.  July 2000, revised Aug. 2004, May 2006, May 2011, Mar. 2017, Nov. 2018.
Nature's Paradise.  Nov. 2002, July 2003.
Nature's Playmates.  May 2001.
Never Knowingly Overdressed.  June 2011.
The Notorious Bettie Page.  Jan. 2007.
The Nude Bomb.  Dec. 2002, Mar. 2015.
Nude Football/Nude Basketball.  Jan. 2001.
Nude Not.  Mar. 2001.
Nude on the Moon.  Oct. 2000.
The Nude Scrapbook.  May 2003.
Nude Yoga & Tai Chi.  Sept. 2000, Mar. 2012.
Nudes, Nudists, and Nudism.  Nov. 2014, Dec. 2014, Mar. 2018.
Nudes on Tiger Reef.  Aug. 2000.
Nudist Colony of the Dead.  Nov. 2001, Mar. 2015.
Nudist Life.  June 2002, Mar. 2019.
Oh! Calcutta!  Apr. 2005, Jan. 2013.
The Piano.  May 2002, Sept. 2014.
Rapa Nui.  Mar. 2006, Nov. 2011.
The Raw Ones.  Apr. 2018.
Raw Weekend.  Oct. 2013.
Ready to Wear.  July 2012, Oct. 2018.
Shangri-La.  June 2005, Feb. 2019.
SINderella and the Golden Bra.  July 2004.
Sirens.  June 2003, Feb. 2015.
Snap Decision.  Oct. 2001, Feb. 2013.
Sweet Bird of Aquarius.  Nov. 2013, Feb. 2015.
The Swimmer.  Mar. 2004, Mar. 2015.
Tarzan and His Mate.  June 2013, Jan. 2015, Sept. 2016.
Tarzan the Ape Man.  May 2009.
Tarzana, the Wild Girl.  Aug. 2013, Jan. 2015.
Taylor Camp.  Jan. 2019.
Totally Nude Aerobics.  June 2000, Mar. 2012.
The Unashamed.  Nov. 2003, Mar. 2011, Apr. 2011, Jan. 2012.
Vanishing Point [not the Belgian one].  Jan. 2006, June 2012.
Walkabout.  Apr. 2003
Wanderlust.  Sept. 2012, Feb. 2015.
The Wrestler.  Jan. 2009.
Youth.  Jan. 2017, Aug. 2018.                           

Bibliography:  Paul Rapoport

    None of us can match the long list of naturist publications by Paul Rapoport.  Of course, the facts that he edits the Canadian national nudist magazine, and is a spokesman for the Topfree Equal Rights Association both keep his name in print.

Publications and Lectures

6 books, over 450 reviews, and several dozen articles and lectures, mostly about music but including:

Article on breaking a nudity taboo in art. Nude & Natural, forthcoming.

Review of Harmful to Minors: The Perils of Protecting Children from Sex by Judith Levine. Nude & Natural 22.1 (Fall 2002).

“Editor’s Introduction.” The Spirit of Lady Godiva by Harvey (Chelsea MI and Ancaster ON: Anecdote Productions, 2002), ix-xi.

“A la recherche du corps perdu.” Naturisme Quebec 2 (2002), 6-7, 28, tr. Jules Gaulin.

“Public nudity: Social art?” 90 mins., illus. lect., McMaster University, January 15, 2002.

“The Bethell approach: Is the time for mass nude protests upon us?” (with eight others). Nude & Natural 21.2 (Winter 2001), 71-72.

“Barebreasted women: Exposing indecency?” 35 mins., illus. lect., Bellevue Community College, Bellevue Washington, June 1, 2001. Posted at <www.tera.ca/wash.html>, Summer 2001.

“It’s time for us to calm down about public nudity.” Hamilton Spectator, May 25, 2001.

“Topfree in Canada: An interview with TERA’s Paul Rapoport” (with Jim Meyer). Nude & Natural 20.3 (Spring 1999), 24-28.

Article about nudity in public media, Summer 2000. “Let’s lose nudity hangups” (Winnipeg Free Press, August 30), “Newspapers perpetuate old-fashioned myths about nudity” (Ancaster News, September 6), “You can’t show that!” (Toronto Globe and Mail, September 8), “When nudity is sensible and healthy” (Hamilton Spectator, September 8), and elsewhere.

Article about nudity in private photos, Spring 2000. “When a picture’s worth a thousand worries” (Hamilton Spectator, May 5), “Healthy nudity should not be a crime” (Ottawa Citizen, May 8), “Nude children only natural” (Montreal Gazette, May 10), “One photo can cause 1,000 worries” (Kitchener-Waterloo Record, May 15), “Is all nudity pornography?” (Ancaster News, May 24), and elsewhere.

“‘Topfreedom’ gaining ground.” Hamilton Spectator, March 1, 2000.

“Siting the naked body” 72 mins., illus. lect. for the photographic exhibit Century by Frank Cordelle, McMaster University, February 8, 2000. Posted at <www.fcn.ca/century.html>, Spring 2000.

“Why are we obsessed with breasts?” (review of A History of the Breast by Marilyn Yalom and Breasts: The women’s perspective on an American obsession by Carolyn Latteier). Nude & Natural 19.2 (Winter 1999), 72-73.

“Ontario leads the way for Canadian naturism in 1999.” Nude & Natural, 18.4 (Summer 1999), 110-14.

“Let topfreedom ring!” Nude & Natural, 18.3 (Spring 1999), 44-50.

“Breastfeeding frenzy: two views.” Hamilton Spectator, February 25, 1999.

“Women's bare breasts: Equal rights or double standard?” 60 mins., illus. lect., McMaster University, March 11, 1998. Summary posted at <www.tera.ca/articles.html#Womens>.

“Another victory in Canada for topfree equal rights.” Nude & Natural Newsletter, June 1998, [3].

“Canadian TV network pulls positive naturist segment.” Nude & Natural Newsletter, January 1998, [4].

“Women take back their breasts: Canadian topfree struggles in 1997.” Nude & Natural, 17.2 ([Winter]1997), 37-48. Posted (without footnotes) at <www.geocities.com/womens_choice_org/jacob.html>.

“Ontario city drops breast bylaw.” Nude & Natural Newsletter, November 1997, [4].

‘Topfree bathing rights will liberate us all.” Kitchener-Waterloo Record, June 6, 1997.

“Hamilton should just accept topless court ruling.” Hamilton Spectator, June 3, 1997.

“Taking it all off, the natural way.” Toronto Globe & Mail, September 4, 1996.


The following are from the Canadian magazine Going Natural.

“Developing your photos: whom to turn to?” (editorial). Going Natural, 17:2 (Summer 2002), 36.

Reviews of Breast of Canada 2002 Calendar, Nature & Nudes 2002 Calendar. Going Natural, 16:4 (Winter 2001-02), 33.

“Harvey and the spirit of Lady Godiva.” Going Natural, 16:4 (Winter 2001-02), 12-13.

“Southern Ontario Volleyball Days.” Going Natural, 16:3 (Fall 2001), 26-27.

“Photo artist Spencer Tunick launches project in Canada. Ë la recherche du corps perdu: First Montreal, then the world.” Going Natural, 16:3 (Fall 2001), 20-23.

“Supreme Court refuses to hear Godron appeal in topfree case.” Going Natural, 16:2 (Summer 2001), 8.

Review of Naked Boys Singing! (musical revue). Going Natural, 16:1 (Spring 2001), 28.

“Testing the limits around Club O.” Going Natural, 16:1 (Spring 2001), 24-25. Reprinted in Health and Efficiency, June 2001, 29-31.

“The Nudist Store takes it (all) off.” Going Natural, 16:1 (Spring 2001), 12-13.

Reviews of Nordic Nudes 2001 Calendar, Saltspring Women Preserve & Protect Calendar 2001, Hamilton’s Hottest! 2001 (calendar), The Canadian Guide to Naturism (4th edition). Going Natural, 15:4 (Winter 2000-01), 28-29.

[Untitled article about nudity in art.] Going Natural, 15:4 (Winter 2000-01), 27.

“January in August.” Going Natural, 15:4 (Winter 2000-01), 21.

“Be ashamed, be very ashamed! Naked Eve: Going snake in Alberta and Southern Ontario.” Going Natural, 15:4 (Winter 2000-01), 8.

“A naturist scrapbook” (photo essay). Going Natural, 15:3 (Fall 2000), 28-29.

Reviews of World Naturist Handbook (25th edition), Robbert Broekstra’s Nude World, Holland in Winter and Holland in Summer (videotapes). Going Natural, 15:3 (Fall 2000), 26-27.

“An ‘utterly harmless’ photo.” Going Natural, 15:3 (Fall 2000), 24.

“Volleyballooza: Two weekends of midsummer games in Southern Ontario.” Going Natural, 15:3 (Fall 2000), 15.

Reviews of Nude Not (videotape) by Thomas Lundy, Celebrate the Freedom (videotape) by Michael J. Cooney, North American Guide to Nude Recreation (20th edition), Hot Springs and Hot Pools of the Northwest and Hot Springs and Hot Pools of the Southwest by Jayson Loam and Marjorie Gersh-Young. Going Natural, 15:2 (Summer 2000), 20-21.

“Cover your backside for that neighbourhood watch. Outdoor nudity: How legal is it?” (with Peter Simm). Going Natural, 15:2 (Summer 2000), 14-15.

“When a picture is worth a thousand worries.” Going Natural, 15:2 (Summer 2000), 11.

“Century visits Hamilton and astounds nearly 700.” Going Natural, 15:1 (Spring 2000), 18-19.

“GN looks forward (editorial).” Going Natural, 14:4 (Winter 1999-2000), 23.

“Frank Cordelle’s Century: A photographer and project with a difference.” Going Natural, 14:4 (Winter 1999-2000), 20-21.

“Aquarius Nature Retreat: Playing hard to get to in the US southwest.” Going Natural, 14:4 (Winter 1999-2000), 14.

“Premier of Nude Brunswick announces post-secondary degree in naturology.” Going Natural, 14:3 (Fall 1999), 19.

Review of The Messenger (videotape) by Bill Viola. Going Natural, 14:2 (Summer 1999), 19.

“Toronto joins the 20th century. Hanlan’s Beach is renude: Major gain for Canadian naturism” (with Peter Simm). Going Natural, 14:2 (Summer 1999), 16-17. Reprinted as “Hanlan’s Point clothing-optional beach: It’s legal again!” in Nude & Natural, 18.4 (Summer 1999), 106-10.

“The revolution has begun! New site promotes wholesome view of women.” Going Natural, 14:2 (Summer 1999), 11-13. Reprinted as “Body acceptance on the web.” Nude & Natural, 19.2 (Winter 1999), 54-55.

“Should Going Natural go public?” Going Natural, 14:2 (Summer 1999), 9.

“Children” (editorial). Going Natural, 14:1 (Spring 1999), 23.

Review of Naked New York and Naked Los Angeles by Greg Friedler. Going Natural, 14:1 (Spring 1999), 20.

“But is it legal? The first international symposium on nudity.” Going Natural, 14:1 (Spring 1999), 7, 24.

“Topfree in Saskatchewan? Maybe it depends on who you are.” Going Natural, 13:4 (Winter 1998-99), 24.

“Lake Como Club: Florida’s oldest nudist club.” Going Natural, 13:4 (Winter 1998-99), 16-17.

“Women” (editorial). Going Natural, 13:3 (Fall 1998), 30.

The second annual Wreck Beach bare buns fun run/walk (with David Basford). Going Natural, 13:3 (Fall 1998), 16.

“Party time is any time at Club Paradise.” Going Natural, 13:3 (Fall 1998), 13-14.

“Cypress Cove: A Florida favourite in any season.” Going Natural, 13:3 (Fall 1998), 10-11.

“Travelling south: A guide to warm holidays for cool naturists.” Going Natural, 13:3 (Fall 1998), 7-8.

“Pubic in public” (editorial). Going Natural, 13:2 (Summer 1998), 24.

“Bare but not barren in the California desert.” Going Natural, 13:1 (Spring 1998), 14-15.

    Reviews of Lee Baxandall’s World Guide to Nude Beaches and Resorts (updated), North American Guide to Nude Recreation (19th edition), Vacation Naturally (videotape) by Michael J. Cooney. Going Natural, 13:1 (Spring 1998), 17.

“Fatima Pereira Henson wins topfree battle.” Going Natural, 12:4 (Winter 1997-98), 9.

“Topfree Rights and the Law.” Going Natural, 12:3 (Fall 1997), 10.

“Topfree equality: The case of Fatima Pereira Henson.” Going Natural, 12:2 (Summer 1997), 4-5.

Other Recent Activities

Course (seminar), “Body, Sex, and Gender in 20th-Century Operas,” McMaster University, 1999-2000 and 2000-01.

Advisor to several upper level undergraduate art students, including one doing body painting and projections, 2001-02.

Editor and Producer, The Spirit of Lady Godiva (book by Harvey). Chelsea MI: Anecdote Productions. xvi, 264 (pp.), 2002.

Operator of and major contributor to the website www.tera.ca, an information site for the Topfree Equal Rights Association, with news, articles, legal opinions, editorials, and photos about bare breasts in public (since 1997).

Bibliography: Robert Reitman

    For two years, from 1967 to 1969, many articles on the nude in art history appeared under the name of Robert Reitman.  Nobody seems to know who he was, or if this was his real name.

"Art & the Realistic Nudes." [Renaissance]  Nude Image 4.4/20 (Jan.-Mar. 1969).  pp. 38-41.

"The Male Nude in Art, Part I."  Salute, 1 (Fall 1967).  pp. 52-55.  [No part II found.]

"Nude Art: Erotic or Ideal?"  Sun Era 3.3 (Fall 1967).  pp. 36-47.

"Panorama of the Nude in Painting (Part I)."  Film & Figure 9 (Autumn 1967).  pp. 34-39.

"Panorama of the Nude in Painting (Part II)."  Film & Figure 10 (Jan.-Mar. 1968).  pp. 34-39.

"Panorama of the Nude in Painting (Part III)."  Film & Figure 11 (Apr.-June 1968).  pp. 34-39.

"Panorama of the Nude in Painting (Part IV)."  Film & Figure 12 (July-Sept. 1968).  pp. 66-69.

"Pollaiuolo and the ‘Anatomical Nude.'"  Film & Figure 8 (Summer 1967).  pp. 4-9.

"The Shakespeare of Nude Painting." [Tintoretto]  Teenage Jaybird 1.2/2 (July-Sept. 1969).  pp. 50-52+.

"Valadon: Artist and Model."  Flesh Tones, 2.4/8 (Summer 1967).  pp. 10-15.

Bibliography: Joseph Charles Salak

    Here we have an author of slightly shifting name.  As early as 1949, he wrote one article on nude art.  In 1952, he published a small book on Lady Godiva  Then, after a long silence, he wrote in an amazing variety of nudist magazines for a few years in the mid-1960s.  Non-nudists still quote him on his definition of education: that which enables you to describe a pretty girl without using your hands.

Salak, Joseph Charles.  "Nudity in Art and Literature."  International Sun and Health, 13.5 (May 1949) [Denmark].  p. 17.

Salak, Joseph C. "Wide-Open Welcome Awaits Nudists in Alaska."  Modern Sunbathing 10, (1961).  pp. 32, 39.

Salak, Joseph C.  "Naked Witches and Nude Sunbathers."  Nude Image, 1.4 (1964).  pp. 23-25.

Salak, Joseph.  "Ancient and Modern Olympics."  Nudism, 39 (Summer 1964).  pp. 28-29, 46.

Salak, Joseph C.  "Graciously Naked." [Baroque]  Urban Nudist, 2.2/14 (Oct. 1964).  pp. 24-25, 51.

Salak, Joseph C.  "Nudism in Art."  Paradise 12 (Spring 1965).  pp. 38-41

Salak, Joseph.  "The Pioneers of Nakedness."  Sun Era 2.5/17 (May 1965).  pp. 24-27.

Salak, Joseph.  "Coventry's Nudist Scandal" [Lady Godiva].  Urban Nudist 3.1/19 (Aug. 1965).  pp. 38-43.

Salak, Joseph C.  "Naked Is a Greek Word."  Urban Nudist 3.2/20 (Nov. 1965).  pp. 22-27.

Salak, Joseph.  "The Nudist Philosopher." [Thoreau]  American Sunbather, 18.3/169 (Mar. 1966).  pp. 32-34.

Calak, Joseph.  "Goya and the Forbidden Nude."  Film & Figure 7 (Spring 1967).  pp. 30-33.

Salak, Joseph Charles.  "What is a Roman Orgy?"  [rambles through many topics].  National Nudist, 1.2 (n.d.).  pp. 13-27.

Salak, Charles.  "Artist, Model, and the Nude."  Nudist Digest 1.5 (n.d.).  pp. 18-29, 43-54.

Salak, Joseph Charles.  "Those Naked Savages Aren't."  Sun Cot, 4 (n.d.).  pp. 27-43.

Conference Presentations by Sandra Schroer

"It's Nude Not Lewd: The Celebration of Sex and Sexual Being in Social Nudism."  American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA., August 2001.

"Completely Immersed and Totally Exposed: Sexuality in Social Nudism."  The Society for the Study of Social Problems Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA., August 2001.

"What Nudists Know: Notes on the Social Organization of Clothing."  Third Annual Conference on Ethnography, Loyola University of Chicago, February 2001.

"Fear of the Body."  The Association Forum, Fear in Society (Interdisciplinary Conference), Western Michigan University, October 2000.

"The Disabled Nudist: Getting Beyond the Body."  The Society for the Study of Social Problems Annual Meeting, Washington DC, August 2000.

"What is Social Nudism?"  Adrian College Human Sexuality Course, annual presentation 1995-2001.

Bibliography: Mark Storey

Naturist Books:

Cinema au Naturel: A History of Nudist Films (author) (Oshkosh, WI: NEF, 2003).

Theatre au Naturel: A Collection of Naturist Plays (editor) (Ancaster, ON: Heureka Productions, 2005).

The World’s Best Nude Beaches and Resorts (co-author) (Bristol, UK: Lifestyle Press and Oshkosh, WI: TNS, 2007).

Naturist Travel:

“Sorobon on Bonaire,” Nude & Natural 17.2 (1997): 76-81.

“Evergreen Beach, Washington,” Nude & Natural 18.1 (1998): 66-69.

“Red Rock Beach,” Nude & Natural 18.2 (1998): 49-51.

“Cougar Hot Springs,” Nude & Natural 18.3 (1999): 56-61.

“Baja Sur, Mexico,” Nude & Natural 18.3 (1999): 97-106.

“Sports at Club Orient on French St. Martin,” Nude & Natural 18.4 (1999): 25-34.

“Solair Nudist Park,” Nude & Natural 19.1 (1999): 32-33.

“Black’s Beach: Clothing Optional and Going Strong,” Going Natural 14.3 (1999): 10-11.

“Laguna del Sol,” Nude & Natural 19.3 (2000): 31-35.

“Villa Escondida,” Nude & Natural 19.4 (2000): 34-35.

“Spectacular Scenic Hot Springs,” Nude & Natural 19.4 (2000): 74-78.

“I Love L.A.,” Nude & Natural 20.3 (2001): 53-64.

“Washington Naturally,” Nude & Natural 20.3 (2001): 69-80.

“Black’s Beach,” Nude & Natural 20.4 (2001): 54-56.

“A Cornucopia in Southern California,” Going Natural 16.2 (2001): 11-13.

“Oregon Naturally,” Nude & Natural 21.1 (2001): 52-57.

“Fun in the Phoenix Sun,” Nude & Natural 21.1 (2001): 71-80.

“Hot Springs of the Sierra Nevada,” Nude & Natural 21.2 (2001): 17-24.

“Terra Cotta: California’s Retro Resort,” Nude & Natural 21.3 (2002): 45-48.

“Terra Cotta Inn,” Going Natural 17.2 (2002): 18-21.

“De Anza: It Rocks!” Nude & Natural 21.3 (2002): 51-56.

“Desert Fun at De Anza Springs Resort,” Going Natural 17.3 (2002): 16-17.

“Jewel Lake Wilderness, Ontario,” Nude & Natural 21.4 (2002): 64-66.

“British Columbia: Victoria’s Secrets,” Nude & Natural 22.1 (2002): 44-48.

“These Colors Don’t Run,” Nude & Natural 22.2 (2002): 31-32.

“Among the Willamettans,” Nude & Natural 22.2 (2002): 39-41.

“Florida’s Key West is Warm to Naturists,” Going Natural 18.1 (2003): 34-36.

“A New York Tour,” Nude & Natural 22.3 (2003): 43-51.

“A South Florida Experience,” Nude & Natural 22.3 (2003): 65-75.

“Hot Spring Heaven,” Nude & Natural 22.4 (2003): 33-40.

“Exploring Vancouver Island’s North Gulf Coast,” Nude & Natural 22.4 (2003): 68-72.

“Goin’ Uptown: A City Soak Site,” Nude & Natural 23.1 (2004): 71

“Touring Naturist Maine,’ Nude & Natural 24.1 (2004): 61-69.

“Coventry: A Green Mountain Treasure,” Nude & Natural 24.1 (2004): 71-73.

“The Beaches of Santa Cruz County,” Nude & Natural 24.2 (2004): 24-32.

“Touring Montreal’s Naturist Circle,” Nude & Natural 24.1 (2004): 49-61.

“Naturist/Naturalist: Florida’s Sunnier Palms,” Nude & Natural 24.1 (2004): 73-75.

“Cuffra Cliffs B&B on Thetis Island,” Going Natural 19.4 (2004-5): 40-41.

“Playa Zipolite: Where Mexico Welcomes Public Nudity,’ Going Natural 20.1 (2005): 46-47.

“Playa Zipolite: Mexico’s Public Nude Beach,” Nude & Natural 24.3 (2005): 38-44.

“From the Sequoians to the Far Side of Naturism,” Nude & Natural 24.3 (2005): 79-82.

“Sandy Hook/Gunnison Beach: New Jersey’s Naturist Favorite,” Nude & Natural 25.2 (2005): 38-43.

“Naked Québec Revisited,” Nude & Natural 25.2 (2005): 52-57.

“Naturism in Brazil,” Nude & Natural 25.1 (2005): 88-96.

“Foggy Beaches, Hidden Cove: California’s San Mateo County,” Nude & Natural 25.3 (2005): 65-68.

“Cap-aux-Oies,” Going Natural/Au Naturel 21.2 (2006); 46-47.

“A Vermont Hat Trick,” Going Natural/Au Naturel 21.3 (2006): 41-43.

“Windcatching: Watching Lake Chelan Blow Fear Into leisure,” Nude & Natural 25.4 (2006): 17-19.

“Garden of Eden: All-Inclusive Caribbean Relaxation,” Nude & Natural 25.4 (2006): 25-28.

“Nude Beaches of Marin County, California,” Nude & Natural 26.2 (2006): 24-35.

“Rancho Cicada Retreat,” Nude & Natural 26.2 (2006): 63-65.

“Flowing with Nature’s Current at Doe Bay Resort,” Going Natural/Au Naturel 22.1 (2007): 32-34.

“Catalina Island Naturist Style,” Nude & Natural 26.3 (2007):13-17.

“Skinny-Diving at Paya Bay’s Lil’ Beach,” Nude & Natural 26.4 (2007): 44-48.

“A Merry Minuet Amidst the Maritimes,” Nude & Natural 27.1 (2007): 15-24.

“Three’s the Charm in Colorado,” Nude & Natural 27.2 (2007): 17-24.

“Skinny-Dipping in China,” Nude & Natural 27.2 (2007): 73-76.

“The Greening of Naturism: Orient Land Trust’s Biocentric Stewardship,” Nude & Natural 27.3 (2008): 55-60.

“Death Valley Naturally,” Nude & Natural 27.4 (2008): 21-24.

“Eastern Washington: The Sunnier Side,” Nude & Natural 28.1 (2008): 60-67.

“Naked in Santa Barbara,’ Nude & Natural 28.4 (2009): 15-22.

“Day-Tripping the Mojave National Preserve,” Nude & Natural 28.4 (2009): 75-79.

“Finding the Lost Coast,” Nude & Natural 29.3 (2010): 53-59.

“‘Boughing It’ in Baja,” Nude & Natural 30.1 (2010): 20-26.

“Naturally Nude at Harbin Hot Springs,” Nude & Natural 30.1 (2010): 28-32.

“A Naturist Odyssey in Quintana Roo,” Nude & Natural 30.3 (2011): 19-32.

“Panama: Playa de las Succas,” Nude & Natural 30.4 (2011): 54-60.

“Nevada’s Trego Hot Springs,” Nude & Natural 31.2 (2011): 50-52.

“Clothes- Free Aloha: A Naturist Tour of Hawaii’s Big Island,” Nude & Natural (2011): 60-69.

“Arizona’s Winter Sun,” Nude & Natural 31.3 (2012): 24-32.

“Skinny-Dipping Sardinia,” Nude & Natural 32.1 (2012): 16-22.

“Curaçao Naturally,” Nude & Natural 32.2 (2012): 12-23.

“Paddling the Broken Group Islands,” Nude & Natural 32.3 (2013): 22-25.

“Sun Meadow Resort,” Nude & Natural 32.4 (2013): 67-68.

“Ashland au Naturel,” Nude & Natural 33.1 (2013): 47-49.

“An I-5 Naturist Tour,” Nude & Natural 33.2 (2013): 17-20.

“Mercey, Mercey, Mercey,” Nude & Natural 33.2 (2013): 32-34.

“Olé Jalisco!” Nude & Natural 33.3 (2014): 26-32.

“British Columbia’s South Gulf Islands,” Nude & Natural 33.3 (2014): 47-54.

“Doe Bay Revisited,” Nude & Natural 34.2 (2014): 57-59.

“On the Water, Off the Grid,” Nude & Natural 35.1 (2015): 62-65.

“A Naked Loop through SW New Mexico,” Nude & Natural 35.4 (2016): 18-25.

“Yahoo for the Yuha,” Nude & Natural 35.4 (2016): 32-36.

“Belize Naturally…with Some Effort,” Nude & Natural 36.3 (2017): 32-36.

“Revisiting Turtle Back Mesa,” Nude & Natural 36.3 (2017): 54-56.

“Finding Our Own Nude Beach…on BC’s Texada Island,” Nude & Natural 37.2 (2017): 12-16.

“Chiapas of Southern Mexico,” Nude & Natural 37.3 (2018): 45-47.

“Naturist Kaua‘i,” Nude & Natural 38.1 (2018): 42-47.

“Skinny-Dipping the Bahamas with Bare Breeze Tours,” Nude & Natural 38.4 (2019): 32-38.

“Lake Tahoe’s Creek Beach Still Vibrantly Clothing-Optional, Nude & Natural 39.1 (2019): 42-44.

Naturist Living:

“Hiking Naked,” Nude & Natural 15.4 (1996): 97-101.

“Northwest Gathering 1997,” Nude & Natural 17.3 (1998): 83-88.

“Northwest Nude Swims,” Nude & Natural 18.1 (1998): 24-28.

“Volleyball: A Brief History of Naturism’s ‘Official’ Sport,’” Nude & Natural 18.1 (1998): 33-37, 46-48.

“Northwest Naturist Festival,” Nude & Natural 18.2 (1998): 15-19.

“Jazzoids in Their Concert Buff Best,” Nude & Natural 18.2 (1998): 87-89.

“Naked Jazz—American Style,” The Australian Naturist No. 5 (1999): 16-17.

“NEF Writers Workshop,” Nude & Natural 18.3 (1999): 81-82.

“Le Club Volleyball,” Nude & Natural 19.1 (1999): 57-59.

“Tennis in the Buff,” Nude & Natural 19.1 (1999): 60-63.

“Petanque Comes to America,” Nude & Natural 19.1 (1999): 64-68.

“Eastern Naturist Gathering 1999,” Nude & Natural 19.2 (1999): 14-32.

“Northwest Festival 1999,” Nude & Natural 19.3 (2000): 81-87.

“Northwest Naturist Jazz Festival,” Nude & Natural 19.4 (2000): 67-69.

“Northwest Naturist Festival 2000,” Nude & Natural 20.2 (2000): 48-51.

“A Bare-able Caribbean Cruise,” Nude & Natural 20.4 (2001): 82-87.

“Western Gathering ’01,” Nude & Natural 21.2 (2001): 54-56.

“SW Festival: A New Model,” Nude & Natual 22.1 (2002): 67-70.

“Northwest Naturist Festival,” Nude & Natural 22.2 (2002): 50-51.

“Free Body Kayaking,” Nude & Natural 22.4 (2003): 60-63.

“Northwest Naturist Festival,” Nude & Natural 25.2 (2005): 76.

“Still Hiking Naked,” Nude & Natural 26.1 (2006): 24-28.

“A Bare Came Over the Mountain,” Nude & Natural 26.1 (2006): 29-30.

“Avoiding Belly Flops at Nude Swims,” Nude & Natural 26.4 (2007): 42-43.

“Skating Through the Door to Clothes-Free Fun,” Nude & Natural 29.1 (2009): 55-58.

“Fifty at Fifty: Paddling Naked Down the Columbia River,” Nude & Natural 29.2 (2009): 66-70.

“Kayaking Naked in Desolation Sound,” Going Natural/Au Naturel 25.1 (2010): 42-46.

“Exploring Inland Dunes,” Nude & Natural 29.4 (2010): 64-73.

“TNS Chess SIG,” Nude & Natural 32.3 (2013): 32-34.

“Naked Grandeur on the Colorado River,” Nude & Natural 33.1 (2013): 12-18.

“CoolTan: An Option When You Must Wear Clothes,” Nude & Natural 33.2 (2013): 38-39.

“Lupin Lodge Offered a Socially Healthy Vibe,” Nude & Natural 36.1 (2016): 30-31.

“Floating Nude for Mind and Body,” Nude & Natural 36.3 (2017): 42-44.

“Feeling More Excited about Naturism,” Nude & Natural 37.1 (2017): 42-44.

“Naiads, Nudity, and Secret Places,” with Michael Cooney, Nude & Natural 37.4 (2018): 62-65.

“Bare Laughter at Nudeprov,” Nude & Natural 37.4 (2018): 66-67.

“Naturism 101 Online,” Nude & Natural 38.2 (2018): 9M-10M.

“Coming Together for Naturism,” Nude & Natural 39.1 (2019): 20-21.

Naturist Activism:

“Naturist Support Groups,” Nude & Natural 17.3 (1998): 25-32.

“TNS Special Interest Groups,” Nude & Natural 19.1 (1999): 73-84.

“Is Rooster Rock’s Future as a Nude Site in Jeopardy?” Nude & Natural 20.1 (2000): 58-59.

“Takin’ It to the Streets,” Nude & Natural 23.4 (2004): 73-77.

“Naked Freedom Film Festival,” Nude & Natural 24.1 (2004): 30-32.

“World Naked Bike Ride, Seattle Style,” Nude & Natural 24.1 (2004): 37-40.

“NEF Addresses 2004 Recreation Conference,” Nude & Natural 24.2 (2004): 20.

“CFN, Champions of Canaveral Coast,” Nude & Natural 24.2 (2004): 69-71.

“NAC Doesn’t Let Up Against a Bad Bill: Victory Again in Washington State,” Nude & Natural 24.3 (2005): 15-17.

“WNBR Takes Seattle,” Nude & Natural 25.1 (2005): 40-43.

“Nudity Can Blossom on Campus,” Nude & Natural 25.4 (2006): 73.

“Choosing Your Battles: The Pragmatics of Grassroots Activism” Nude & Natural 26.1 (2006): 34-37.

“World Naked Gardening Day,’ Nude & Natural 26.2 (2006): 88-89.

“Signs for the Times,” Nude & Natural 26.2 (2006): 92-93.

“Having Fun with NAC Seattle Swims,” Nude & Natural 26.3 (2007): 31-34.

“Beach Cleanups: A Win All Around,” Nude & Natural 26.3 (2007): 59-63.

“Culture Jamming,” Nude & Natural 26.3 (2007): 79-80.

“World Naked Bike Ride ’07,” Nude & Natural 27.1 (2007): 62-63.

“For immediate Release: Pitching a Story to the Media,” Nude & Natural 27.1 (2007): 66-73.

“World Naked Gardening Day,” Going Natural/Au Naturel 23.1 (2008): 50-52.

“ORCOBA’s Credible Naturist Presence on Sauvie Island,” Nude & Natural 27.3 (2008): 39-44.

“Surfing the NAC Net Naked,” Nude & Natural 29.3 (2010): 69.

“The NEF Scholastic Award,” Nude & Natural 29.4 (2010): 50-51.

“The Power of Playfulness,” Nude & Natural 30.1 (2010): 72-74.

“College Students Ask About nude Beaches,” Nude & Natural 30.1 (2010): 75-80.

“Making Waves,” Nude & Natural 30.2 (2010): 9-10.

“The Blessing and Headache of Volunteer Work Groups,” Nude & Natural 31.3 (2011):

“Bev Price: An au Naturel Force of Nature,” Nude & Natural 33.2 (2013): 40-43.

“A Chat with an NPS Superintendent,” Nude & Natural 34.4 (2015): 49-51.

“NEF Research Library Powers Forward with Volunteers,” Nude & Natural 36.1 (2016):

“It’s Not a Problem…I Can Handle It,” Nude & Natural 36.2 (2016): 65-67.

“World Naked Gardening Day Hits Lucky 13,” Nude & Natural 36.3 (2017): 9-10.

“Lake Tahoe’s Naturist Splendor,” Nude & Natural 37.3 (2018): 33-36.

“Hero Volunteers,” Nude & Natural 37.4 (2018): 22-25.

“Chuckling with World Naked Gardening Day,” Nude & Natural 38.3 (2019): 36-39.

“World Naked Bike Ride and Naturism,” Nude & Natural 38.3 (2019): 56-58.

Naturist History:

“The Naturist Society: A Brief History,” Nude & Natural 19.3 (2000): 49-67.

“The Trashing of Scenic Hot Springs,” Nude & Natural 21.3 (2002): 30-32.

“The Baxandall Legacy,” Nude & Natural 22.1 (2002): 57-66.

“Nudism,” Sex from Plato to Paglia: A Philosophical Encyclopedia, ed. Alan Soble (2005).

“Nudism,” Encyclopedia of New York State, ed. Peter Eisenstadt (2005).

“Oui, Oui, la Nudité,” Nude & Natural 27.4 (2008): 54-58.

“The History of The Naturist Society,” Nude & Natural 28.3 (2009): 19-53.

“Getting Back to the Naturist Future: A TNS Editorial,” Nude & Natural 28.4 (2009): 42-43.

“The Unabashed, Unabatedly, Undressed Thomas Lundy,” Nude & Natural 34.1 (2014): 61-62.

“Nudist Magazines of the1950s—Filthy, Foul, and Obscene,” Nude & Natural 37.3 (2018): 17-26.

“The Origins of Nude Recreation Week,” Nude & Natural 37.3 (2018): 48-50.

“A Streaking Season,” Nude & Natural 38.2 (2018): 24M-29M.


“Cultural Relativism and the Morality of Naturism,” Naturist LIFE International No. 14 (Summer 1995): 28-29.

“Naturism and Civil Disobedience,” Naturist LIFE International No.15 (Spring 1996): 21-23.

“Is Being Natural Always Good?” Naturist LIFE International No. 16 (Summer 1996): 19-22.

“Social Nudity and Natural Law,” Naturist LIFE International No. 17 (Autumn 1996): 37-39.

“Naturism in Plato’s Ideal Society,” Naturist LIFE International No. 18 (Winter 1997): 20-23.

“Social Nudity and Freedom From Alienation,” Naturist LIFE International No. 20 (Autumn 1997): 27-29.

“Christianity in Naturism Today,” Nude & Natural 17.3 (1998): 61-70.

“Naturism and Christianity: NEF Conference,” Nude & Natural 18.1 (1998): 54-61.

“Ellen Woodall and the Nudist Disconnect,” Nude & Natural 21.3 (2002): 62-64.

“The Offense of Public Nudity,” Nude & Natural 22.2 (2002): 82-88.

“No Shame: A Tibetan Saint’s Naturist Ethos,” Nude & Natural 23.3 (2004): 75-79

“Social Nudity and Legal Moralism,” Nude & Natural 25.1 (2005): 76-78.

“Embracing Identity,” Nude & Natural 28.2 (2008): 23-26.

“Buddhist Body Acceptance?” Nude & Natural 28.4 (2009): 61-65.

“Gandhi on Nudism and Public Nudity,” Nude & Natural 29.1 (2009): 19-28.

“Winning the Logic Wars,” Nude & Natural 29.3 (2010): 33-34.

“Winning the Informal Logic Wars,” Nude & Natural 30.4 (2011): 73-77.

“Public Nudity and the Nature of Offense,” Nude & Natural 31.1 (2011): 24-28.

“It’s the Freedom,” Nude & Natural 32.2 (2012): 51-53.

“The Power of Naturist Humor,” Nude & Natural 32.3 (2013): 38-41.

“Naturism and Causation,” Nude & Natural 32.4 (2013): 36-38.

“’Appropriate’ Nudity and Cultural Norms,” Nude & Natural 33.3 (2014): 60-63.

“Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Natural Nudity,” Nude & Natural 34.1 (2014): 11-14.

“Sartre, Nudity, and Voyeurism,” Nude & Natural 35.2 (2015): 38-41.

“Henry David Thoreau: A Contemplative Skinny-Dipper,” Nude & Natural 36.1 (2016):

“Nietzsche and Nakedness,” Nude & Natural 36.2 (2016): 46-52.

“Nature, Nudity, and Mental Well-Being,” with Michael Cooney, Nude & Natural 36.3
(2017): 64-66.

“Laughing at Nudists,” Nude & Natural 36.4 (2017): 21-30.

“Montaigne on Nudity,” Nude & Natural 37.1 (2017): 58-62.


“Nude Bicycling in Seattle,” Nude & Natural 18.1 (1998): 51-53.

“Dr. Spock and Family Nudity,” Nude & Natural 18.3 (1999): 68-80.

“From the Outside, Looking In,’ Nude & Natural 18.4 (1999): 11-22.

“Clothing the Rebellious Body,” Nude & Natural 20.1 (2000): 49-54.

“Nude America? New Survey Says Yes!” Nude & Natural 20.2 (2000): 4-5.

“This Store Has Everything ‘Under the Sun’” Nude & Natural 20.4 (2001): 94-96.

“Naturism and the Disabled,” Nude & Natural 21.1 (2001): 64-70.

“Social Nudity as Kitsch,” Nude & Natural 22.4 (2003): 84-89.

“No Kidd’: Nudist Humor is Something to Laugh About,” Nude & Natural 23.1 (2004): 94-97

“Children, Social Nudity and Academic Research,” Nude & Natural 23.4 (2004): 44-46.

“Bulgaria’s Naturist Revival,” Nude & Natural 23.4 (2004): 78-80.

“Children and Social Nudity: What Reseach Tells Us,” Going Natural 19.3 (2004): 44-47.

“Social Nudity, Sexual Attraction, and Respect,” Nude & Natural 24.3 (2005): 62-65.

“Race is the Question—What is the Answer?” Nude & Natural 25.3 (2005): 81-86.

“Naturism 101,” Nude & Natural 25.4 (2006): 62-67.

“Lured Into Naturism,” Nude & Natural 27.1 (2007): 37-38.

“Death Valley’s Living Native Tradition,” Nude & Natural 27.4 (2008): 19- 20.

“Farming au Naturel,” Nude & Natural 30.1 (2010): 11-16.

“Nudity, Humanity, and the Natives of Baja California,” Nude & Natural 30.3 (2011): 58-

“Skinny-Dipping in Vintage Trade Cards,” Nude & Natural 34.1 (2014): 63-67.

“Early Postcards and the Perils of Skinny-Dipping,” Nude & Natural 34.2 (2014): 60-65.

“Shocking! Disgraceful! Disgusting!” Nude & Natural 34.3 (2015): 43-47.

“Celebrating Seaside Sauce,” Nude & Natural 34.4 (2015): 32-35.

“Voyeurs, Comic Postcards, and Popular Culture,” Nude & Natural 35.1 (2015): 39-42.

“Spoofing Early Nudism in Song,” Nude & Natural 35.2 (2015): 26-30.

“Federal Code, Human Subjects, and Naturist Research,” Nude & Natural 35.2 (2015): 51-53.

“Gopi Skinny-Dippers,” Nude & Natural 35.4 (2016): 47-50.

“Penny Arcade Nudism,” Nude & Natural 36.1 (2016): 58-63.

“Nudism and Immigration,” Nude & Natural 36.2 (2016): 8-9.

“Kissing Fanny,” Nude & Natural 37.1 (2017): 64-67.

“A Look Back at Taylor Camp,” with Michael Cooney, Nude & Natural 38.1 (2018): 56-59.

“Nudist Polka with a Nudist Attitude,” Nude & Natural 38.1 (2018): 64-65.

“Troublesome Skinny-Dippers,” Nude & Natural 38.4 (2019): 29-31.

“Space: The Naked Frontier,” Nude & Natural 39.1 (2019): 45-47.


“The Power of Nudity in Shakespeare’s Macbeth,” Nude & Natural 17.4 (1998): 26-29.

“A Short History of Jazz: A Medium Where Naturist Spirits Can Soar,” Nude & Natural 18.2 (1998): 90.

“Naturist Watercolors of Henry Yuen,” Nude & Natural 18.4 (1999): 23-24.

“The Nude in Contemporary Art,” Nude & Natural 19.2 (1999): 65-69.

“Nude Performance Art in Seattle,” Nude & Natural 19.3 (2000): 37-41.

“Nude Beach Paintings by Edvard Munch,” Nude & Natural 19.3 (2000): 111-116.

“Sacred and Naked: India’s Mahadevi,” Nude & Natural 21.1 (2001): 91-95.

“Stone Nudes: The Art of Naked Rock Climbing,” Nude & Natural 21.4 (2002): 33-38.

“Declaration of Independents: Nudity on Film,” Nude & Natural 21.4 (2002): 74-79.

“Ancient Dreams, Digital Nudes,” Nude & Natural 22.1 (2002): 73-78.

“Nude Play Premiers at WNG,” Nude & Natural 22.2 (2002): 49.

“The Naturist World of Charlie Simonds,” Nude & Natural 22.2 (2002): 89-94.

“Shannon Kringon: A Goddess Speaks,” Nude & Natural 24.1 (2004): 77-80.

“Barely Proper: For Nudists, This Play’s the Thing,” Nude & Natural 24.4 (2005): 49-53.

“Death Among the Sunbathers: Murder Mysteries in Nudist Settings,” Nude & Natural 24.1 (2005): 78-83.

“Susanna and the Two Elders,” Nude & Natural 28.1 (2008): 14-15.

“Celebrating Life Through Art,” Nude & Natural 28.1 (2008): 49-50.

“Photographing Rock and Flesh,” Nude & Natural 30.3 (2011): 47-50.

“Dancing from Law to Tile Art,” Nude & Natural 32.1 (2012): 68-69.

“Nude and Natural Dreams: The Postcard Art of Patrick Bousseton,” Nude & Natural 34.2 (2014): 38-40.

“Leif Heilberg: Dynamic Naturism with Flash,” Nude & Natural 37.2 (2017): 17-20.

“The Raw Ones,” Nude & Natural 37.2 (2017): 38-41.

“Kiki Suárez: The Color and Life of Kikimundo,” Nude & Natural 37.3 (2018): 51-53.

“Henry Yuen’s Aesthetic Trifecta,” Nude & Natural 37.4 (2018): 29-31.


“Kenneth R. Dutton, The Perfectible Body: The Western Ideal of Male Physical Development” (book), Nude & Natural 15.2 (1995): 46-47.

“Nicola Beisel, Imperiled Innocents: Anthony Comstock and Family Reproduction in Victorian America” (book), Nude & Natural 18.1 (1998): 70-71.

“Cec Cinder, The Nudist Idea” (book), Nude & Natural 18.4 (1999): 76-81.

“Greg Friedler, Naked New York and Naked Los Angeles” (books), Nude & Natural 18.4 (1999): 97-105.

“Jeff Gruen, Club Orient” (video), Nude & Natural 20.2 (2000): 38.

The Canadian Guide to Naturism” (book), Nude & Natural 20.2 (2000): 96.

“W. S. Douglas, Naturism: A New Dimension in Living” (book), Nude & Natural 20.2 (2000): 97.

“Arno Rafael Minkkinen, Body Land” (book), Nude & Natural 20.3 (2001): 95-97.

“Dudley, Public Nudism” (music), Nude & Natural 21.1 (2001): 96.

“Robby & Friends, Skinny Dipping” (music), Nude & Natural 21.1 (2001): 96.

“Frank Larson, Jackpine Savages (or ‘Skinny-dipping for profit’)” (book), Nude & Natural 21.1 (2001): 98.

“Janet Lembke, Skinny Dipping and Other Immersions in Water, Myth, and Being Human” (book), Nude & Natural 21.1 (2001): 99.

“Marjorie Gersh-Young, Hot Springs & Hot Pools of the Northwest and Hot Springs and Hot Pools of the Southwest” (books), Nude & Natural 21.2 (2001): 93-94.

“Karen Gorham and Dave Leal, Naturism and Christianity: Are They Compatible? and Paul Bowman, Nakedness and the Bible” (books), Nude & Natural 21.2 (2001): 94-95.

“Charles MacFarland, Life in Eden and Freedom Weekends” (videos), Nude & Natural 21.2 (2001): 98-99.

“Jim and Linda Cunningham, Our Wonderful Bodies; Susan L. Stanton, Being Naked: Attitudes Toward Nudity Through the Ages; Chris Santilli, The Naked Truth About Hedonism II; and Michael Boyde, Naked Places: A Guide for Gay Men to Nude Recreation and Travel” (books), Nude & Natural 21.3 (2002): 88-91.

“Jeff Gruen, A Bare Necessities Nude Cruise and A Bare Necessities Mediterranean Nude Cruise” (videos), Nude & Natural 21.4 (2002): 97-98.

“Charlie Simonds, Crete Naturally—Vritromartis” (video), Nude & Natural 22.1: 55-56.

“Eric James Miller, The Metaphysics of Nudity; John S. Lloyd, Leaving Flat Iron Creek; and Julian Stamper, High Wall of Spring” (books), Nude & Natural 22.1 (2002): 81-82.

“Tower Productions, A Naturist in Hungary and A Naturist in Ukraine” (videos), Nude & Natural 22.1 (2002): 85-86.

“Harvey, The Spirit of Lady Godiva” (book), Nude & Natural 22.2 (2002): 98-99.

“Charlie Simonds, Mediterranean France—Naturally and Mediterranean Spain—Naturally” (videos), Nude & Natural 22.2 (2002): 99.

“Harvey, Spirit of Lady Godiva” (book), Going Natural 17.4 (2002-3): 34.

“Allen Parker, Nudist Among Us” (book), Nude & Natural 23.3 (2004): 97-98.

“Corky Stanton, Nudes in the News, Vol. I,” “Jeff Gruen, Nude in French Polynesia,” “Charlie Simonds, Euronat—Euronatural—Euronaturally,” and “Naked in Public, Parts I-III” (videos), Nude & Natural 23.3 (2004): 99-101.

“Morris Gleitzman and Paul Jennings, Deadly!” (book), Nude & Natural 23.4 (2004): 88-89.

“Peter Dietrich, Bare and Beautiful in Bulgaria” and “Back to Bare Bulgaria” (videos), Nude & Natural 23.4: 89-90.

“Doris Wishman, Diary of a Nudist,” “The Naked Venus,” “The Beast That Killed Women,” and “The Monster of Camp Sunshine” (videos), Nude & Natural 23.4 (2004): 91-92.

“Mike Charles, Bare Beaches” (book), Nude & Natural 24.1 (2004): 88.

“Stuart Ward, Body Freedom Day” (book), Nude & Natural 24.1 (2004): 88-89.

“Lloyd Harrison, This World” and “Nick Alimonos, The Dark Age of Enya” (books), Nude & Natural 24.1 (2004): 90-91.

“Craig and Honey Blacklock, A Voice Within: The Lake Superior Nudes” (book), Nude & Natural 24.2 (2004): 94-98.

“Charlie Simonds, Costa del Sol—Naturally” (video), Nude & Natural 24.2 (2004): 100.

“Malcolm Scott, Nudist Resorts of Canada” (video), Going Natural/Au Naturel 20.3 (2005): 46.

“Naturist Lifestyles: The Early Years” (video), Nude & Natural 24.3 (2005): 84.

“Les Rootsey, Paradise…Found Then Lost” (video), Nude & Natural 24.4 (2005): 73.

“Leslie Meier, Star Spangled Murder” (book), Nude & Natural 24.4 (2005): 74-75.

“Chad Ross, Naked Germany Health, Race and the Nation” (book), Nude & Natural 24.4 (2005): 75-76.

“Mike Charles and Nick Mayhew-Smith, Bare Britain” (book), Nude & Natural 25.1 (2005): 79.

“Malcolm Scott, Nudist Resorts of Canada” (video), Nude & Natural 25.1 (2005): 80.

“Peter Dietrich, Variations on a Crimean Theme: Return to Fox Bay and The Gods Must Be Naked! Koktebel Naturist Sea Festival” (videos), Nude & Natural 25.1 (2005): 81-82.

“Richard West, Nude in Brazil, Nude in the North of Brazil, Nude in the South of Brazil, Party at Rama Nat, and Tarzan of the Nudists” (videos), Nude & Natural 25.2 (2005): 97-98.

“Marshall B. Allen, The Naked Bus Driver” (book), Nude & Natural 25.2 (2005): 99.

“Richard Ungewitter, Nakedness in an Historical and Artistic Light” (book), Nude & Natural 25.2 (2005): 99-100.

“Byron and Kay McAllister, Undercover Nudist; Louise Lang, Nudists Die Too; Joseph D. and Nancy E. Oliver, Execute Judgement; A. W. Parker, The Reluctant Nudist” (books), Nude & Natural 25.3 (2005): 97-99.

“Dave Jenson and Marty Michaels, Get Naked!” (book), Nude & Natural 25.4 (2006): 82.

“Corky Stanton, Nudes in the News, Volume Six” (video), Nude & Natural 25.4 (2006): 83.

“J. J. Henderson, Murder on Naked Beach; Melissa de la Cruz, The Au Pairs Skinny-Dipping” (books), Nude & Natural 26.1 (2006): 81.

“Carl J. Welland, Some Call Me Oji (Others Call Me Crazy)” (book), Nude & Natural 26.1 (2006): 82.

“T. L. Young, Naked in the 21st Century” (video), Nude & Natural 26.1 (2006): 83.

“Gary Popkin, Hardfire Exposes the Truth about Nudism” (video), Nude & Natural 26.2 (2006): 101.

“Stuart Ward, Strange Days Indeed” (book), Nude & Natural 26.3 (2007): 81.

“Charlie Simonds, The Algarve—Naturally” (video), Nude & Natural 26.3 (2007): 82-83.

“Liz and James Egger, The Complete Guide to Nudism and Naturism” (book), Nude & Natural 26.3 (2007): 84.

“Charlie Simonds, Charlie’s Angels—Naturally” (book), Nude & Natural 26.4 (2007): 98-99.

“Conrad Schmidt, Indecent Exposure to Cars: The Story of the World Naked Bike Ride!” (video), Nude & Natural 26.4 (2007): 100.

“David Ball, Nudism—The Inside Story” (video), Nude & Natural 27.1 (2007): 83.

“Jim C. Cunningham, Nudity and Christianity” (book), Nude & Natural 27.1 (2007): 84.

“Ron Coleman, The Funny side of Going Naked: The First Nudie Toons Collection” (book), Nude & Natural 27.3 (2008): 80-81.

“John Alexander Williams, Turning to Nature in Germany: Hiking, Nudism, and Conservation, 1900-1940” (book), Nude & Natural 27.3 (2008): 82-83.

“Doris Wishman, Hideout in the Sun” (video), Nude & Natural 27.3 (2008): 84.

“Jim Motavalli, Naked in the Woods: Joseph Knowles and the Legacy of Frontier Fakery” (book), Nude & Natural 28.1 (2008): 84-85.

“Mona Kuhn, Mona Kuhn: Evidence” (book), Nude & Natural 28.2 (2008): 84.

“Richard Foley, Active Nudists: Living Naked at Home and in Public” (book), Nude & Natural 29.1 (2009): 80-81.

“Régis Duvignau, Céachem Montalivet” (book), Nude & Natural 29.1 (2009): 82.

“Pascal Lainé, Nude Attitude: Peaceful Bodies, Bodies in Play” (book), Nude & Natural 29.1 (2009): 82.

“C. S. Challinor, Murder in the Raw” (book), Nude & Natural 29.3 (2010): 82-83.

“Dennis Craig Smith, Naked Fear” (book), Nude & Natural 29.4 (2010): 83-84.

“Philip Carr-Gomm, A Brief History of Nakedness” (book), Nude & Natural 30.1 (2010): 81-82.

“C. S. Challinor, Murder in the Raw” (book), Nude & Natural 29.3 (2010): 82-83.

“Dennis Craig Smith, Naked Fear” (book), Nude & Natural 29.4 (2010): 83-84.

“Philip Carr-Gomm, A Brief History of Nakedness” (book), Nude & Natural 30.1 (2010): 81-82.

“South Florida Free Beaches, Haulover Beach: America’s Favorite Clothing Optional Playground” (video), Nude & Natural 30.3 (2011): 84.

“Richard Foley, World Naked Bike Ride” (book), Nude & Natural 31.4 (2012): 68-69.

“Daniel Freund, American Sunshine: Diseases of Darkness and the Quest for Natural Light” (book), Nude & Natural 32.2 (2012): 68-69.

“Leigh Ann Wheeler, How Sex Became a Civil Liberty” (book), Nude & Natural 32.2 (2013): 68-69.

“Tony Young, American Nudist: The Lost Journal” (book), Nude & Natural 32.4 (2013): 69.

“Ruthann Robson, Dressing Constitutionally: Hierarchy, Sexuality, and Democracy from Our Hairstyles to Our Clothes” (book), Nude & Natural 33.2 (2013): 68-69.

“Sarah R. Phillips, Modeling Life: Art Models Speak about Nudity, Sexuality, and the Creative Process” (book), Nude & Natural 33.3 (2014): 68-69.

“Brett Lunceford, Naked Politics: Nudity, Political Action, and the Rhetoric of the Body (book), Nude & Natural 34.1 (2014): 68-69.

“Maite Zubiaurre, Cultures of the Erotic in Spain, 1898-1939” (book), Nude & Natural 34.2 (2014): 66-67.

“Richard Foley, Naked Hiking” (book), Nude & Natural 34.2 (2014): 68-69.

“Pamela Green, Naked as Nature Intended: The Epic Tale of a Naturist Picture” (book), Nude & Natural 34.3 (2015): 69.

“Stephen L. Harp, Au Naturel: Naturism, Nudism, and Tourism in Twentieth-Century France” (book), Nude & Natural 34.4 (2015): 68-69.

“Brian Hoffman, Naked: A Cultural History of American Nudism” (book), Nude & Natural 35.2 (2015): 67-68.

“Jean-Luc Nancy and Federico Ferrari, Being Nude: The Skin of Images” (book), Nude & Natural 35.3 (2016): 68-69.

“Nickolas Pappas, The Philosopher’s New Clothes: The Theaetetus, the Academy, and Philosophy’s Turn against Fashion” (book), Nude & Natural 35.4 (2016): 68-69.

“Thorsten Botz-Bornstein, Veils, Nudity, and Tattoos: The New Feminine Aesthetic” (book), Nude & Natural 36.1 (2016): 69.

“Howard Anderson, Why Nude? Thoughts and Reflections on Social Nudity” (book), Nude & Natural 37.2 (2017): 68.

“Steven T. Seagle, Get Naked” (book), Nude & Natural 37.3 (2018): 67.

“Margaret Grundstein, Naked in the Woods: My Unexpected Years in a Hippie Commune” (book), Nude & Natural 37.4 (2018): 68-69.

“Peter Luisi, Flitzer” (video), Nude & Natural 37.4 (2018): 69.

“Paul LeValley, Seekers of the Naked Truth: Collected Writings on the Gymnosophists and Related Shramana Religions” (book), Nude & Natural 38.1 (2018): 68-69.

Anne Woloshyn, Soaking Up the Rays: Therapy and Visual Culture in Britain, c. 1890-1940” (book), Nude & Natural 38.2 (2018): 30M-31M.

“J.P. Grant, Four Friends” (book), Nude & Natural 38.2 (2018): 32M.

“Barbara Górnika, Nakedness Shame, and Embarrassment: A Long-Term Sociological Perspective” (book), Nude & Natural 38.3 (2019): 69.

“Amelia Allen, Naked Britain” (book), Nude & Natural 38.4 (2019): 69.

“Doris Wishman, The Prince and the Nature Girl” (video), Nude & Natural 39.1 (2019): 68.

“Colin Gordon, Miniten: Rules of the Game” (book), Nude & Natural 39.1 (2019): 69.

Marilyn D. Story

    As a professor of Home Economics at the University of Northern Iowa, Dr. Story conducted some of the most academically sound research on naturism--especially its fine effects on children.  An automobile accident cut short her scholarly career.

“Factors Associated with More Positive Body Self-Concepts in Preschool Children.”  Journal of Social Psychology 108.1 (June 1979): 49-56.

“Comparisons of Body Self-concept Between Social Nudists and Nonnudists.”  Journal of Psychology 118.1 (September 1984): 99-112.

“Comparison Studies of Social Nudists and Non-nudists: Body Self-Concepts and Sexual Behaviors.”  Clothed With the Sun 6.4 (Winter 1987): 77.

“A Comparison of Social Nudists and Non-nudists on Experience with Various Sexual Outlets.”  Journal of Sex Research 23.2 (May 1987): 197-211.

“Personal and Professional Perspectives on Social Nudism—Should You Be Personally Involved in Your Research?”  Journal of Sex Research 30.2 (May 1993): 111-114.

Book Reviews
by Paul LeValley

Will Forest.  Aglow.  Columbia SC, 2016.  Paperback, 251 pages.

    The author has skillfully merged two ancient Toltec legends: those of Quetzalcoatl and of the tohenyo.  Quetzalcoatl was a prophet of peace and gentleness, who sailed east (probably to the Yucatan peninsula), promising to return when the year reappeared in the 52-year cycle of the calendar.  Many centuries later, Hernando Cortez happened to land during one of those anniversary years.  That was why Montezuma trusted him until it was too late.

    The tohenyo was a prince of the coastal nude and tattooed Huastec tribe.  The Toltec princess fell in love with him and they married.  The emperor urged his new son-in-law to put some clothes on, but the young man refused to change his nature.  Then, in one of history's nastiest reactions to public nudity, the girl's other suitors started a civil war that destroyed the mighty Toltec empire.  We know these things from the Aztec poets.

    Will Forest combines these men into one eloquent prophet of naturism.  His hero preaches:

    "Each one of you, every body of you: listen and know!  We are all bodies, and we are all temples!  We are walking temples when we walk, swimming temples when we swim.  We are dancing temples when we dance, and loving temples when we love.  When we die, we are dying temples."

    Pilli stamped his feet on the stone [temple] steps.  "Do we cover these steps with cloth?  Each one of you, every body of you, let the dirt cover your temple, let the rain wash it, let the wind sweep it, and let the sun warm it.  The temple is you.  Your home is you.  Would you hide your home from the elements?

    "Perhaps you are concerned that your home is more modest than your neighbor's home.  Perhaps you prefer to hide behind curtains those parts of your temple that you wrongly think might be excessive or lacking in size, or diminished in strength, or beauty, or honor.  But I say to you, hide not your breasts, nor your belly, nor your buttocks, large or small, for they are the rounded bounties of all that is nourishment and movement.  And hide not your genitals of man nor woman, for they are the noble flint and hearth that bring light to the dawn.  Every last stone of your temple is wondrous; let all your parts dance in light and dust, let all of you dance in wind and rain."

    But then we are asked to believe that this great spokesman sailed around Yucatan, across the Caribbean Sea, down the South American coast, then up the Amazon River all the way to the Columbia border, where he teamed up with a nude midwife.  My suspension of disbelief won't go that far without some convincing evidence.  Granted, Mexico and Brazil are the author's two favorite places.  And granted, the Amazon is an appropriate place for the modern people in the novel to discover the power of their nudity.

    Modern people?  I neglected to mention that the novel begins with an earthquake in the oldest library in the Americas.  There, specialists discover a lost codex with partial Spanish translation—as well as a mysterious necklace.  A young woman narrates, as they try to puzzle out what these things mean.  The action moves to Texas, then Brazil.  The modern story keeps the pages turning, even when the ancient story seems doubtful.  It all works.

    Will Forest's other novel deserves mentioning again.  Co-Ed Naked Philosophy (2011) is about a professor who shows up naked for a class on Philosophy of the Body, and invites the students to join him.  Word spreads, and they have to move the class to a bigger room.  Both novels are one-of-a-kind books, and well worth reading.

Naked in Nature: Great Skinny-Dipping Moments in Art and Literature.  ed. Robert Ellis Smith.  2006.  75 pages.  $9.95 electronic download or compact disc; $32.50 color printout.

    Naked in Nature belongs on the bookshelf of every reading and thinking naturist.  Robert Ellis Smith has saved us all a lot of time by compiling skinny-dipping scenes from a lifetime of broad reading.  Though some of the short quotes from classic literature had already been compiled by Charles Daney on the Internet (a fact not mentioned), Smith has added many longer passages from modern novels, a few naturist writers, and popular songs that I never heard of.

    There is a hilarious scene when the minister gets caught skinny-dipping in E. M. Forster's 1923 A Room With a View.  Also pithy comments of Mark Twain.  And a manic nude attack on tourists by Harpo Marx.  Plus lots of passages from John Fowles' novels.

    The artworks paired with the literary selections greatly enhance the experience.  But here is where the defect of the electronic presentation begins to show.  A few of the links don't seem to work.  Others lead to such ephemeral sites as e-bay.  By not incorporating the images into the manuscript, the author has put himself at the mercy of a lot of webmasters over whom he has no control.  This thing could go outdated fast.  Better order the expensive printout, even though it includes only part of the pictures.  The spiral-bound laminated cardstock covers make a handsome solution.

    This fine collection deserves a more permanent format.

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